Healthy Animals, Healthy People: Zoonosis Risk from Animal Contact in Pet Shops, a Systematic Review of the Literature
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{"title"=>"Healthy animals, healthy people: Zoonosis risk from animal contact in pet shops, a systematic review of the literature", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kate D.", "last_name"=>"Halsby", "scopus_author_id"=>"55607675700"}, {"first_name"=>"Amanda L.", "last_name"=>"Walsh", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195073133"}, {"first_name"=>"Colin", "last_name"=>"Campbell", "scopus_author_id"=>"42360923500"}, {"first_name"=>"Kirsty", "last_name"=>"Hewitt", "scopus_author_id"=>"56070166100"}, {"first_name"=>"Dilys", "last_name"=>"Morgan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403986364"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896272308", "pui"=>"372616980", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0089309", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84896272308", "pmid"=>"24586679"}, "id"=>"ba04a8c7-834c-306f-a315-bd4a24b055bd", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Around 67 million pets are owned by households in the United Kingdom, and an increasing number of these are exotic animals. Approximately a third of pets are purchased through retail outlets or direct from breeders. A wide range of infections can be associated with companion animals.\\nOBJECTIVES: This study uses a systematic literature review to describe the transmission of zoonotic disease in humans associated with a pet shop or other location selling pets (incidents of rabies tracebacks and zoonoses from pet food were excluded).\\nDATA SOURCES: PubMed and EMBASE.\\nRESULTS: Fifty seven separate case reports or incidents were described in the 82 papers that were identified by the systematic review. Summary information on each incident is included in this manuscript. The infections include bacterial, viral and fungal diseases and range in severity from mild to life threatening. Infections associated with birds and rodents were the most commonly reported. Over half of the reports describe incidents in the Americas, and three of these were outbreaks involving more than 50 cases. Many of the incidents identified relate to infections in pet shop employees.\\nLIMITATIONS: This review may have been subject to publication bias, where unusual and unexpected zoonotic infections may be over-represented in peer-reviewed publications. It was also restricted to English-language articles so that pathogens that are more common in non-Western countries, or in more exotic animals not common in Europe and the Americas, may have been under-represented.\\nCONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: A wide spectrum of zoonotic infections are acquired from pet shops. Salmonellosis and psittacosis were the most commonly documented diseases, however more unusual infections such as tularemia also appeared in the review. Given their potential to spread zoonotic infection, it is important that pet shops act to minimise the risk as far as possible.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/healthy-animals-healthy-people-zoonosis-risk-animal-contact-pet-shops-systematic-review-literature", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>4, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Denmark"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1398670"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Around 67 million pets are owned by households in the United Kingdom, and an increasing number of these are exotic animals. Approximately a third of pets are purchased through retail outlets or direct from breeders. A wide range of infections can be associated with companion animals.</p><p>Objectives</p><p>This study uses a systematic literature review to describe the transmission of zoonotic disease in humans associated with a pet shop or other location selling pets (incidents of rabies tracebacks and zoonoses from pet food were excluded).</p><p>Data sources</p><p>PubMed and EMBASE.</p><p>Results</p><p>Fifty seven separate case reports or incidents were described in the 82 papers that were identified by the systematic review. Summary information on each incident is included in this manuscript. The infections include bacterial, viral and fungal diseases and range in severity from mild to life threatening. Infections associated with birds and rodents were the most commonly reported. Over half of the reports describe incidents in the Americas, and three of these were outbreaks involving more than 50 cases. Many of the incidents identified relate to infections in pet shop employees.</p><p>Limitations</p><p>This review may have been subject to publication bias, where unusual and unexpected zoonotic infections may be over-represented in peer-reviewed publications. It was also restricted to English-language articles so that pathogens that are more common in non-Western countries, or in more exotic animals not common in Europe and the Americas, may have been under-represented.</p><p>Conclusions/implications</p><p>A wide spectrum of zoonotic infections are acquired from pet shops. Salmonellosis and psittacosis were the most commonly documented diseases, however more unusual infections such as tularemia also appeared in the review. Given their potential to spread zoonotic infection, it is important that pet shops act to minimise the risk as far as possible.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Health risk analysis", "Public health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "zoonosis", "systematic"], "article_id"=>944712, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kate D. Halsby", "Amanda L. Walsh", "Colin Campbell", "Kirsty Hewitt", "Dilys Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089309", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Healthy_Animals_Healthy_People_Zoonosis_Risk_from_Animal_Contact_in_Pet_Shops_a_Systematic_Review_of_the_Literature_/944712", "title"=>"Healthy Animals, Healthy People: Zoonosis Risk from Animal Contact in Pet Shops, a Systematic Review of the Literature", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-26 02:50:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1398668"], "description"=>"<p>Incidents/outbreaks identified by the review, by zoonotic agent and animal category.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Health risk analysis", "Public health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "zoonotic"], "article_id"=>944710, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kate D. Halsby", "Amanda L. Walsh", "Colin Campbell", "Kirsty Hewitt", "Dilys Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089309.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidents_outbreaks_identified_by_the_review_by_zoonotic_agent_and_animal_category_/944710", "title"=>"Incidents/outbreaks identified by the review, by zoonotic agent and animal category.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-26 02:50:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1398669"], "description"=>"<p>*Occ = occupational (exposure associated with case’s place of work); dom = domestic (pet owned by case or relative/friend of case), visitor = case visited place of likely exposure, outside of domestic setting).</p><p>**The original source paper for this incident (Murao T <i>et al</i> (1985) Ann Rep Fukuoka City Inst Hyg Environ, 10, 70–71) is only available in Japanese. The paper by Nagano contains sufficient information to include the incident in this review.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Population biology", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "Infectious diseases", "Zoonoses", "Non-clinical medicine", "Health care policy", "Health risk analysis", "Public health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "shops", "systematic"], "article_id"=>944711, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Kate D. Halsby", "Amanda L. Walsh", "Colin Campbell", "Kirsty Hewitt", "Dilys Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089309.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>32, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cases_of_zoonoses_associated_with_pet_shops_identified_by_the_systematic_literature_review_/944711", "title"=>"Cases of zoonoses associated with pet shops identified by the systematic literature review.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-26 02:50:06"}

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