Obtaining Fruit and Vegetables for the Lowest Prices: Pricing Survey of Different Outlets and Geographical Analysis of Competition Effects
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{"title"=>"Obtaining fruit and vegetables for the lowest prices: Pricing survey of different outlets and geographical analysis of competition effects", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Amber L.", "last_name"=>"Pearson", "scopus_author_id"=>"55509586400"}, {"first_name"=>"Pieta R.", "last_name"=>"Winter", "scopus_author_id"=>"56804474600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ben", "last_name"=>"McBreen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56804733200"}, {"first_name"=>"Georgia", "last_name"=>"Stewart", "scopus_author_id"=>"56804279500"}, {"first_name"=>"Rianda", "last_name"=>"Roets", "scopus_author_id"=>"56805142700"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Nutsford", "scopus_author_id"=>"55927082700"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher", "last_name"=>"Bowie", "scopus_author_id"=>"56015725400"}, {"first_name"=>"Niamh", "last_name"=>"Donnellan", "scopus_author_id"=>"56805033500"}, {"first_name"=>"Nick", "last_name"=>"Wilson", "scopus_author_id"=>"34974926700"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84903767454", "pmid"=>"24651475", "pui"=>"372852088", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903767454", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0089775", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"00660db4-a8e1-3a7c-a2e2-d965e0b23098", "abstract"=>"AIMS: Inadequate fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important dietary risk factor for disease internationally. High F&V prices can be a barrier to dietary intake and so to improve understanding of this topic we surveyed prices and potential competition between F&V outlet types.\\n\\nMETHODS: Over a three week early autumn period in 2013, prices were collected bi-weekly for 18 commonly purchased F&Vs from farmers' markets (FM) selling local produce (n = 3), other F&V markets (OFVM) (n = 5), supermarkets that neighbored markets (n = 8), and more distant supermarkets (n = 8), (in urban Wellington and Christchurch areas of New Zealand). Prices from an online supermarket were also collected.\\n\\nRESULTS: A total of 3120 prices were collected. Most F&Vs (13/18) were significantly cheaper at OFVMs than supermarkets. Over half of the F&Vs (10/18) were significantly cheaper at nearby compared to distant supermarkets, providing evidence of a moderate 'halo effect' in price reductions in supermarkets that neighbored markets. Weekend (vs midweek) prices were also significantly cheaper at nearby (vs distant) supermarkets, supporting evidence for a 'halo effect'. Ideal weekly 'food basket' prices for a two adult, two child family were: OFVMs (NZ$76), online supermarket ($113), nearby supermarkets ($124), distant supermarkets ($127), and FMs ($138). This represents a savings of $49 per week (US$26) by using OFVMs relative to (non-online) supermarkets. Similarly, a shift from non-online supermarkets to the online supermarket would generate a $13 saving.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: In these locations general markets appear to be providing some substantially lower prices for fruit and vegetables than supermarkets. They also appear to be depressing prices in neighboring supermarkets. These results, when supplemented by other needed research, may help inform the case for interventions to improve access to fruit and vegetables, particularly for low-income populations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/obtaining-fruit-vegetables-lowest-prices-pricing-survey-different-outlets-geographical-analysis-comp", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428337"], "description"=>"<p>Markets studied and distance from matched supermarkets in the Wellington and Christchurch regions included in this pricing study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "fruits", "vegetables", "nutrition", "health care", "Health care policy", "Health systems strengthening", "Health economics", "Socioeconomic aspects of health", "Public and occupational health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "Science policy and economics", "Economics", "Political science", "public policy", "studied", "matched", "supermarkets", "wellington", "christchurch", "regions", "included", "pricing"], "article_id"=>968558, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amber L. Pearson", "Pieta R. Winter", "Ben McBreen", "Georgia Stewart", "Rianda Roets", "Daniel Nutsford", "Christopher Bowie", "Niamh Donnellan", "Nick Wilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089775.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Markets_studied_and_distance_from_matched_supermarkets_in_the_Wellington_and_Christchurch_regions_included_in_this_pricing_study_/968558", "title"=>"Markets studied and distance from matched supermarkets in the Wellington and Christchurch regions included in this pricing study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:25:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428342"], "description"=>"<p>Notes:</p><p>* That is 300 g of fruit and 400 g of vegetables, as per the GBD 2010 Study (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0089775#s2\" target=\"_blank\"><i>Methods</i></a>).</p><p>** With a child assumed to have half the intake of an adult.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "fruits", "vegetables", "nutrition", "health care", "Health care policy", "Health systems strengthening", "Health economics", "Socioeconomic aspects of health", "Public and occupational health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "Science policy and economics", "Economics", "Political science", "public policy", "costs", "consuming", "optimal", "intake"], "article_id"=>968563, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amber L. Pearson", "Pieta R. Winter", "Ben McBreen", "Georgia Stewart", "Rianda Roets", "Daniel Nutsford", "Christopher Bowie", "Niamh Donnellan", "Nick Wilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089775.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_and_weekly_costs_of_consuming_an_optimal_for_health_intake_of_fruit_and_vegetables_by_outlet_/968563", "title"=>"Daily and weekly costs of consuming an optimal (for health) intake of fruit and vegetables by outlet.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:25:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428340"], "description"=>"<p>* That is the percentage of all F&V produce sampled for pricing data that was labeled as discounted.</p><p>** It is possible that some produce was not labeled as being from the USA, Australia or other countries from which NZ imports F&V produce.</p><p>Note: The difference in proportions for items labeled as discounted between nearby versus distant supermarkets at 7% vs 3% respectively, was significant (p<0.0001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "fruits", "vegetables", "nutrition", "health care", "Health care policy", "Health systems strengthening", "Health economics", "Socioeconomic aspects of health", "Public and occupational health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "Science policy and economics", "Economics", "Political science", "public policy", "lowest", "priced", "items"], "article_id"=>968561, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amber L. Pearson", "Pieta R. Winter", "Ben McBreen", "Georgia Stewart", "Rianda Roets", "Daniel Nutsford", "Christopher Bowie", "Niamh Donnellan", "Nick Wilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089775.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Other_characteristics_of_the_lowest_priced_F_amp_V_items_for_which_price_data_were_collected_by_outlet_type_/968561", "title"=>"Other characteristics of the lowest priced F&V items for which price data were collected, by outlet type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:25:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1428338"], "description"=>"<p>* These codes denote the outlet or time associated with the lowest mean prices e.g., ‘N’ for nearby supermarkets (see codes in the Table headings).</p><p>** These prices were significantly cheaper than non-online supermarkets at the weekend, with p-values <0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "fruits", "vegetables", "nutrition", "health care", "Health care policy", "Health systems strengthening", "Health economics", "Socioeconomic aspects of health", "Public and occupational health", "Behavioral and social aspects of health", "Science policy and economics", "Economics", "Political science", "public policy", "prices"], "article_id"=>968559, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amber L. Pearson", "Pieta R. Winter", "Ben McBreen", "Georgia Stewart", "Rianda Roets", "Daniel Nutsford", "Christopher Bowie", "Niamh Donnellan", "Nick Wilson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089775.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fruit_and_vegetable_prices_NZ_per_kilogram_by_type_of_outlet_means_over_the_three_week_study_period_in_2013_/968559", "title"=>"Fruit and vegetable prices (NZ$ per kilogram) by type of outlet (means over the three week study period in 2013).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 03:25:22"}

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Relative Metric

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