Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2I: A Multinational Cross-Sectional Study
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{"title"=>"Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2I: A Multinational Cross-Sectional Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tracey A.", "last_name"=>"Willis"}, {"first_name"=>"Kieren G.", "last_name"=>"Hollingsworth"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Coombs"}, {"first_name"=>"Marie-Louise", "last_name"=>"Sveen"}, {"first_name"=>"Soren", "last_name"=>"Andersen"}, {"first_name"=>"Tanya", "last_name"=>"Stojkovic"}, {"first_name"=>"Michelle", "last_name"=>"Eagle"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Mayhew"}, {"first_name"=>"Paulo Loureiro", "last_name"=>"de Sousa"}, {"first_name"=>"Liz", "last_name"=>"Dewar"}, {"first_name"=>"Jasper M.", "last_name"=>"Morrow"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher D. J.", "last_name"=>"Sinclair"}, {"first_name"=>"John S.", "last_name"=>"Thornton"}, {"first_name"=>"Kate", "last_name"=>"Bushby"}, {"first_name"=>"Hanns", "last_name"=>"Lochmuller"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael G.", "last_name"=>"Hanna"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean-Yves", "last_name"=>"Hogrel"}, {"first_name"=>"Pierre G.", "last_name"=>"Carlier"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Vissing"}, {"first_name"=>"Volker", "last_name"=>"Straub"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84896504852", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0090377", "pui"=>"372643330", "pmid"=>"24587344", "issn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"f9a6ded9-cc86-3e46-97b7-285fe3fd8869", "abstract"=>"We conducted a prospective multinational study of muscle pathology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I). Thirty eight adult ambulant LGMD2I patients (19 male; 19 female) with genetically identical mutations (c.826C>A) in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene were recruited. In each patient, T1-weighted (T1w) imaging was assessed by qualitative grading for 15 individual lower limb muscles and quantitative Dixon imaging was analysed on 14 individual lower limb muscles by region of interest analysis. We described the pattern and appearance of muscle pathology and gender differences, not previously reported for LGMD2I. Diffuse fat infiltration of the gastrocnemii muscles was demonstrated in females, whereas in males fat infiltration was more prominent in the medial than the lateral gastrocnemius (p = 0.05). In the anterior thigh of males, in contrast to females, median fat infiltration in the vastus medialis muscle (45.7%) exceeded that in the vastus lateralis muscle (11.2%) (p<0.005). MRI is non-invasive, objective and does not rely on patient effort compared to clinical and physical measures that are currently employed. We demonstrated (i) that the quantitative Dixon technique is an objective quantitative marker of disease and (ii) new observations of gender specific patterns of muscle involvement in LGMD2I.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-limbgirdle-muscular-dystrophy-2i-multinational-crosssectiona-2", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>15, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>15}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403042"], "description"=>"<p>In image (a) there is involvement of medial gastrocnemius and soleus compared to image (e) where all muscles but tibialis anterior are severely affected. (TA =  tibialis anterior, SOL =  soleus, PL =  peroneus longus, LG =  lateral gastrocnemius, MG =  medial gastrocnemius).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "weighted", "images", "lgmd2i", "patients", "severity"], "article_id"=>948237, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_T1_weighted_images_of_the_lower_leg_in_LGMD2I_patients_with_increasing_severity_in_pathology_a_8211_e_and_in_a_control_subject_f_/948237", "title"=>"T1 weighted images of the lower leg in LGMD2I patients with increasing severity in pathology (a–e), and in a control subject (f).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403056"], "description"=>"<div><p>We conducted a prospective multinational study of muscle pathology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I). Thirty eight adult ambulant LGMD2I patients (19 male; 19 female) with genetically identical mutations (c.826C>A) in the fukutin-related protein (<i>FKRP</i>) gene were recruited. In each patient, T1-weighted (T<sub>1</sub>w) imaging was assessed by qualitative grading for 15 individual lower limb muscles and quantitative Dixon imaging was analysed on 14 individual lower limb muscles by region of interest analysis. We described the pattern and appearance of muscle pathology and gender differences, not previously reported for LGMD2I. Diffuse fat infiltration of the gastrocnemii muscles was demonstrated in females, whereas in males fat infiltration was more prominent in the medial than the lateral gastrocnemius (p = 0.05). In the anterior thigh of males, in contrast to females, median fat infiltration in the vastus medialis muscle (45.7%) exceeded that in the vastus lateralis muscle (11.2%) (p<0.005). MRI is non-invasive, objective and does not rely on patient effort compared to clinical and physical measures that are currently employed. We demonstrated (i) that the quantitative Dixon technique is an objective quantitative marker of disease and (ii) new observations of gender specific patterns of muscle involvement in LGMD2I.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "resonance", "imaging", "limb-girdle", "muscular", "dystrophy", "multinational", "cross-sectional"], "article_id"=>948251, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantitative_Magnetic_Resonance_Imaging_in_Limb_Girdle_Muscular_Dystrophy_2I_A_Multinational_Cross_Sectional_Study_/948251", "title"=>"Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2I: A Multinational Cross-Sectional Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403055"], "description"=>"<p>The p values represent Mann-Whitney U test between patients and controls.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "median"], "article_id"=>948250, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_median_values_of_fat_fraction_in_the_patient_group_and_the_control_group_/948250", "title"=>"The median values of fat fraction (%) in the patient group and the control group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403050"], "description"=>"<p>Strong correlation between knee flexion strength (in pounds) and hamstring average fat fraction, r = −.73 (p<0.01).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "flexion", "hamstring"], "article_id"=>948245, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strong_correlation_between_knee_flexion_strength_in_pounds_and_hamstring_average_fat_fraction_r_8202_8202_8722_73_p_lt_0_01_/948245", "title"=>"Strong correlation between knee flexion strength (in pounds) and hamstring average fat fraction, r = −.73 (p<0.01).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403049"], "description"=>"<p>(VM =  vastus medialis, VL =  vastus lateralis).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "muscles", "lgmd2i", "seen", "vastus", "medialis", "preservation"], "article_id"=>948244, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_thigh_muscles_in_a_a_male_LGMD2I_patient_with_more_advanced_pathology_and_increased_fat_content_seen_in_the_vastus_medialis_muscle_72_2_and_b_preservation_of_the_vastus_medialis_muscle_9_7_of_a_female_LGMD2I_patient_/948244", "title"=>"Comparison of the thigh muscles in (a) a male LGMD2I patient with more advanced pathology and increased fat content seen in the vastus medialis muscle (72.2%) and (b) preservation of the vastus medialis muscle (9.7%) of a female LGMD2I patient.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403046"], "description"=>"<p>In (a) this is almost normal, however in (e) only sparing of gracilis (fat fraction 13.7%) and sartorius (24.0%) is seen. (SM =  semimembranosus, ST =  semitendinosus, GRAC =  gracilis, SAR =  sartorius).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "images", "lgmd2i", "patients", "stages", "severity"], "article_id"=>948241, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantitative_fat_images_of_the_thigh_in_LGMD2I_patients_with_increasing_stages_of_severity_and_increasing_fat_fraction_a_8211_e_and_in_a_control_subject_f_/948241", "title"=>"Quantitative fat images of the thigh in LGMD2I patients with increasing stages of severity and increasing fat fraction (a–e), and in a control subject (f).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403044"], "description"=>"<p>In (a) this is almost normal, however in (e) only sparing of gracilis and sartorius is seen. (VL =  vastus lateralis, SM =  semimembranosus, ST =  semitendinosus, BFLH =  biceps femoris long head, SAR =  sartorius, GRAC =  gracilis, RF =  rectus femoris).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "weighted", "images", "lgmd2i", "patients", "stages", "severity"], "article_id"=>948239, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_T1_weighted_images_of_the_thigh_in_LGMD2I_patients_with_increasing_stages_of_severity_and_fat_content_a_8211_e_and_in_a_control_subject_f_/948239", "title"=>"T1 weighted images of the thigh in LGMD2I patients with increasing stages of severity and fat content (a–e), and in a control subject (f).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403045"], "description"=>"<p>The grey box indicates the lower and upper quartiles, with the median represented as a bar within the grey box and the stems the range (the outliers more than 1.5 interquartile range are marked separately as dots). (BFLH =  biceps femoris long head, ST =  semitendinosus, SM =  semimembranosus, BFSH =  biceps femoris short head, SAR =  sartorius, VM =  vastus medialis, GRAC =  gracilis, VL =  vastus lateralis, RF =  rectus femoris, MG =  medial gastrocnemius, LG =  lateral gastrocnemius, PL =  peroneus longus, SOL =  soleus, TA =  tibialis anterior).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "grey", "bars", "quantitative", "fractions", "lgmd2i", "patients", "median", "qualitative"], "article_id"=>948240, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_grey_bars_illustrate_the_quantitative_fat_fractions_for_LGMD2I_patients_with_median_qualitative_score_at_the_left_of_the_bars_/948240", "title"=>"The grey bars illustrate the quantitative fat fractions for LGMD2I patients with median qualitative score at the left of the bars.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403054"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of LGMD2I patients in each category of each semi-quantitative grade for individual muscle groups using the Mercuri et al. scale, with the median grade for each muscle.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "lgmd2i", "patients", "semi-quantitative", "groups", "mercuri", "et", "median"], "article_id"=>948249, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_LGMD2I_patients_in_each_category_of_each_semi_quantitative_grade_for_individual_muscle_groups_using_the_Mercuri_et_al_scale_with_the_median_grade_for_each_muscle_/948249", "title"=>"Percentage of LGMD2I patients in each category of each semi-quantitative grade for individual muscle groups using the Mercuri et al. scale, with the median grade for each muscle.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403052"], "description"=>"<p>It illustrates significant differences between the anterior thigh muscles in the male group and preferential sparing of the gracilis compared to sartorius. These features are not found in the female group.</p><p><sup>*</sup> p = 0.05 compared to male ST.</p><p><sup>**</sup> p = 0.01 compared to male SAR.</p>§<p>p<0.005 compared to male VL.</p>†<p>p = 0.05 compared to male MG.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "cohort", "stratified", "males", "19"], "article_id"=>948247, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_values_of_fat_fraction_for_the_study_cohort_stratified_by_gender_19_males_and_19_females_/948247", "title"=>"Median values of fat fraction for the study cohort stratified by gender (19 males and 19 females).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403053"], "description"=>"<p>Summary table of the clinical characteristics of the LGMD2I cohort (n = 38).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "lgmd2i", "cohort"], "article_id"=>948248, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_table_of_the_clinical_characteristics_of_the_LGMD2I_cohort_n_8202_8202_38_/948248", "title"=>"Summary table of the clinical characteristics of the LGMD2I cohort (n = 38).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403051"], "description"=>"<p>Strong correlation between 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) and hamstring average fat fraction, r = −.79 (p<0.01).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "hamstring"], "article_id"=>948246, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>42, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strong_correlation_between_6_minute_walk_distance_6MWD_and_hamstring_average_fat_fraction_r_8202_8202_8722_79_p_lt_0_01_/948246", "title"=>"Strong correlation between 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) and hamstring average fat fraction, r = −.79 (p<0.01).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1403047"], "description"=>"<p>The grey bars represent the middle 50% of the distribution between the upper and lower quartile and their corresponding fat fraction. The dots and stars represent outliers beyond 1.5 and 3.0 times the interquartile range beyond the upper quartile respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Cross-sectional studies", "Diagnostic medicine", "pathology", "General pathology", "biomarkers", "Test evaluation", "epidemiology", "Biomarker epidemiology", "neurology", "neuroimaging", "Neuromuscular diseases", "radiology", "Diagnostic radiology", "Magnetic resonance imaging", "compares", "quantitative", "dixon", "imaging", "semi-quantitative", "demonstrating", "fractions"], "article_id"=>948242, "categories"=>["Medicine"], "users"=>["Tracey A. Willis", "Kieren G. Hollingsworth", "Anna Coombs", "Marie-Louise Sveen", "Soren Andersen", "Tanya Stojkovic", "Michelle Eagle", "Anna Mayhew", "Paulo Loureiro de Sousa", "Liz Dewar", "Jasper M. Morrow", "Christopher D. J. Sinclair", "John S. Thornton", "Kate Bushby", "Hanns Lochmüller", "Michael G. Hanna", "Jean-Yves Hogrel", "Pierre G. Carlier", "John Vissing", "Volker Straub"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090377.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_This_figure_compares_the_results_of_quantitative_Dixon_imaging_with_the_semi_quantitative_grading_demonstrating_the_wide_range_of_fat_fractions_that_can_exist_within_the_same_grade_r_s_8202_8202_0_87_p_lt_0_01_/948242", "title"=>"This figure compares the results of quantitative Dixon imaging with the semi-quantitative grading, demonstrating the wide range of fat fractions that can exist within the same grade (r<sub>s</sub> = 0.87, p<0.01).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 03:14:50"}

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