Functional Responses and Resilience of Boreal Forest Ecosystem after Reduction of Deer Density
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{"title"=>"Functional responses and resilience of boreal forest ecosystem after reduction of deer density", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marianne", "last_name"=>"Bachand", "scopus_author_id"=>"56074873500"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephanie", "last_name"=>"Pellerin", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006651613"}, {"first_name"=>"Marco", "last_name"=>"Moretti", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102633235"}, {"first_name"=>"Isabelle", "last_name"=>"Aubin", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507986802"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Pierre", "last_name"=>"Tremblay", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202646719"}, {"first_name"=>"Steeve D.", "last_name"=>"Côté", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006183995"}, {"first_name"=>"Monique", "last_name"=>"Poulin", "scopus_author_id"=>"9842242400"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24587362", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0090437", "sgr"=>"84896527499", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84896527499", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372643232"}, "id"=>"4df2e7ac-e9a2-39db-901f-b93b8b817b8e", "abstract"=>"The functional trait-based approach is increasingly used to predict responses of ecological communities to disturbances, but most studies target a single taxonomic group. Here, we assessed the resilience of a forest ecosystem to an overabundant herbivore population by assessing changes in 19 functional traits for plant, 13 traits for ground beetle and 16 traits for songbird communities after six years of controlled browsing on Anticosti Island (Quebec, Canada). Our results indicated that plants were more responsive to 6 years of reduced browsing pressure than ground beetles and songbirds. However, co-inertia analysis revealed that ground beetle communities responded in a similar way than plant communities with stronger relationships between plant and ground beetle traits at reduced deer density, a pattern not detected between plant and songbird. High deer density favored plants species that reproduce vegetatively and with abiotic pollination and seed dispersal, traits implying little interaction with animal. On the other hand, traits found at reduced deer density mostly involved trophic interaction. For example, plants in this treatment had fleshy fruits and large seeds dispersed by birds or other animals whereas ground beetle species were carnivorous. Overall, our results suggest that plant communities recovered some functional components to overabundant herbivore populations, since most traits associated with undisturbed forests were reestablished after six years of deer reduction. The re-establishment of functional plant communities with traits involving trophic interaction induces changes in the ground-beetle trait community, but forest structure remains likely insufficiently heterogeneous to shift the songbird trait community within six years.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-responses-resilience-boreal-forest-ecosystem-after-reduction-deer-density", "reader_count"=>62, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>19, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>19}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404422"], "description"=>"<p>Description and codes of ground beetle functional traits used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "codes", "beetle"], "article_id"=>949385, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_and_codes_of_ground_beetle_functional_traits_used_in_this_study_/949385", "title"=>"Description and codes of ground beetle functional traits used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404420"], "description"=>"<p>Description and codes of the plant functional traits used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "codes"], "article_id"=>949383, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_and_codes_of_the_plant_functional_traits_used_in_this_study_/949383", "title"=>"Description and codes of the plant functional traits used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404421"], "description"=>"<p>Description and codes of songbird functional traits used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "codes", "songbird"], "article_id"=>949384, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_and_codes_of_songbird_functional_traits_used_in_this_study_/949384", "title"=>"Description and codes of songbird functional traits used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404419"], "description"=>"<p>Deer densities with the same letter in the column groups have no significant difference in the arrow length.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "variance", "co-inertia", "15", "vegetation", "forests", "cut-over"], "article_id"=>949382, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_way_analysis_of_variance_ANOVA_of_the_mean_arrow_length_in_the_co_inertia_analysis_for_the_factors_deer_density_0_7_5_15_deer_km_8722_2_and_in_situ_IS_and_vegetation_cover_type_uncut_forests_and_cut_over_areas_and_their_interactions_/949382", "title"=>"Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the mean arrow length in the co-inertia analysis for the factors deer density (0, 7.5, 15 deer · km<sup>−2</sup> and <i>in situ</i>: IS) and vegetation cover type (uncut forests and cut-over areas), and their interactions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404416"], "description"=>"<p>Partial redundancy analysis showing the response of plant traits to deer density (arrow) and vegetation cover types (black circle  =  uncut forests; white circle  =  cut-over areas). Blocks were used as a co-variable. See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437#pone-0090437-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for trait names</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "vegetation"], "article_id"=>949379, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plant_trait_response_to_deer_density_and_vegetation_cover_type_/949379", "title"=>"Plant trait response to deer density and vegetation cover type.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404424", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404425", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404426"], "description"=>"<div><p>The functional trait-based approach is increasingly used to predict responses of ecological communities to disturbances, but most studies target a single taxonomic group. Here, we assessed the resilience of a forest ecosystem to an overabundant herbivore population by assessing changes in 19 functional traits for plant, 13 traits for ground beetle and 16 traits for songbird communities after six years of controlled browsing on Anticosti Island (Quebec, Canada). Our results indicated that plants were more responsive to 6 years of reduced browsing pressure than ground beetles and songbirds. However, co-inertia analysis revealed that ground beetle communities responded in a similar way than plant communities with stronger relationships between plant and ground beetle traits at reduced deer density, a pattern not detected between plant and songbird. High deer density favored plants species that reproduce vegetatively and with abiotic pollination and seed dispersal, traits implying little interaction with animal. On the other hand, traits found at reduced deer density mostly involved trophic interaction. For example, plants in this treatment had fleshy fruits and large seeds dispersed by birds or other animals whereas ground beetle species were carnivorous. Overall, our results suggest that plant communities recovered some functional components to overabundant herbivore populations, since most traits associated with undisturbed forests were reestablished after six years of deer reduction. The re-establishment of functional plant communities with traits involving trophic interaction induces changes in the ground-beetle trait community, but forest structure remains likely insufficiently heterogeneous to shift the songbird trait community within six years.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "responses", "resilience", "boreal"], "article_id"=>949387, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Functional_Responses_and_Resilience_of_Boreal_Forest_Ecosystem_after_Reduction_of_Deer_Density_/949387", "title"=>"Functional Responses and Resilience of Boreal Forest Ecosystem after Reduction of Deer Density", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404418"], "description"=>"<p>Co-inertia analyses comparing the distribution of plant and ground beetle (A) and plant and songbird (B) community trait compositions in the 24 experimental units (three blocks; four densities: 0, 7.5, 15 deer · km<sup>−2</sup> and <i>in situ</i> (IS) density >27 deer · km<sup>−2</sup>; two vegetation cover types: uncut forests and cut-over areas). Arrows link plant and animal trait communities. The arrow tail represents the plant traits and the head the animal traits, while arrow length indicates the strength of the relationship between both matrices. Short arrows indicate a strong relationship, long arrows a weak relationship.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "plants", "fauna"], "article_id"=>949381, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_plants_and_fauna_traits_after_deer_density_reduction_and_logging_/949381", "title"=>"Relationship between plants and fauna traits after deer density reduction and logging.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404417"], "description"=>"<p>Plant, ground beetle and songbird traits found to be indicators of at least one deer density experimental condition (0, 7.5 or 15 deer · km<sup>−2</sup>; <i>IS</i> =  <i>in situ</i> deer density, i.e., >27 deer · km<sup>−2</sup>). Black squares indicate significant positive correlations between the occurrence of a trait and a specific or several deer densities (<i>P</i>≤0.05). Point-biserial correlation coefficient (r<sub>pb</sub>) is indicated for each trait. Traits that only indicate a vegetation cover type (C =  cut-over areas; F =  uncut forests) are not presented</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types", "indicators"], "article_id"=>949380, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Traits_indicators_of_deer_density_/949380", "title"=>"Traits indicators of deer density.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1404414"], "description"=>"<p>Sequence of the statistical analyses used to assess the functional syndromes of plant and animal traits associated with deer density. Distinct matrices were used for plants, ground beetles and songbirds (A). The matrix Treatment was the same for each group with the variables vegetation cover type (uncut forests and cut-over areas), deer density and block (A). The matrices CWM (community weighted mean) of traits by sites combine the Abundance (p<sub>i</sub>) and Trait (x<sub>i</sub>) matrices using weighted averaging (B). The partial redundancy analysis (<i>p</i>RDA; C), indicator traits analysis (ITA; D) and co-inertia analysis (E) were conducted with the CWM matrices. The impact of deer density on the degree of association of functional traits between two taxonomic groups (length of arrows in co-inertia graph) was tested with ANOVA (F). Finally, a correlation matrix between plant and animal traits was calculated (G)</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-environment interactions", "biodiversity", "Community Ecology", "Conservation science", "ecosystems", "Population ecology", "Restoration ecology", "Environmental sciences", "Animal management", "Animal types"], "article_id"=>949377, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Marianne Bachand", "Stéphanie Pellerin", "Marco Moretti", "Isabelle Aubin", "Jean-Pierre Tremblay", "Steeve D. Côté", "Monique Poulin"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090437.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diagram_of_the_statistical_approach_/949377", "title"=>"Diagram of the statistical approach.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-02-28 04:27:06"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[331]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[320]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[313]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Terrestrial environments", "average_usage"=>[292, 445]}]}
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