Spatial Arrangement Overrules Environmental Factors to Structure Native and Non-Native Assemblages of Synanthropic Harvestmen
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{"title"=>"Spatial arrangement overrules environmental factors to structure native and non-native assemblages of synanthropic harvestmen", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christoph", "last_name"=>"Muster", "scopus_author_id"=>"56088110200"}, {"first_name"=>"Marc", "last_name"=>"Meyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403192986"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Sattler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701673026"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24595309", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0090474", "sgr"=>"84897074707", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897074707", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372716834"}, "id"=>"10451192-ca94-3ccf-bbcc-d0788a5d5624", "abstract"=>"Understanding how space affects the occurrence of native and non-native species is essential for inferring processes that shape communities. However, studies considering spatial and environmental variables for the entire community - as well as for the native and non-native assemblages in a single study - are scarce for animals. Harvestmen communities in central Europe have undergone drastic turnovers during the past decades, with several newly immigrated species, and thus provide a unique system to study such questions. We studied the wall-dwelling harvestmen communities from 52 human settlements in Luxembourg and found the assemblages to be largely dominated by non-native species (64% of specimens). Community structure was analysed using Moran's eigenvector maps as spatial variables, and landcover variables at different radii (500 m, 1000 m, 2000 m) in combination with climatic parameters as environmental variables. A surprisingly high portion of pure spatial variation (15.7% of total variance) exceeded the environmental (10.6%) and shared (4%) components of variation, but we found only minor differences between native and non-native assemblages. This could result from the ecological flexibility of both, native and non-native harvestmen that are not restricted to urban habitats but also inhabit surrounding semi-natural landscapes. Nevertheless, urban landcover variables explained more variation in the non-native community, whereas coverage of semi-natural habitats (forests, rivers) at broader radii better explained the native assemblage. This indicates that some urban characteristics apparently facilitate the establishment of non-native species. We found no evidence for competitive replacement of native by invasive species, but a community with novel combination of native and non-native species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/spatial-arrangement-overrules-environmental-factors-structure-native-nonnative-assemblages-synanthro", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406859"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers indicate settlements and refer to <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474#pone.0090474.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>. Fillings indicate presence/absence of <i>Opilio canestrinii</i> and <i>O. parietinus</i> (black circles: only <i>O. canestrinii</i>, white circles: only <i>O. parietinus</i>, half-filled circles: both species, grey circles: none of the two species).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "localities", "synanthropic", "harvestmen", "connected", "gabriel", "graph"], "article_id"=>951382, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_localities_n_8202_8202_52_of_synanthropic_harvestmen_in_Luxembourg_connected_by_the_Gabriel_graph_which_was_used_as_the_definition_of_the_neighbourhood_/951382", "title"=>"Sampling localities (n = 52) of synanthropic harvestmen in Luxembourg, connected by the Gabriel graph which was used as the definition of the neighbourhood.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406861"], "description"=>"<p>Abundance and frequency of occurrence of synanthropic harvestmen species in Luxembourg.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "occurrence", "synanthropic", "harvestmen"], "article_id"=>951384, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Abundance_and_frequency_of_occurrence_of_synanthropic_harvestmen_species_in_Luxembourg_/951384", "title"=>"Abundance and frequency of occurrence of synanthropic harvestmen species in Luxembourg.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406862"], "description"=>"<p>Fractions of purely environmental (black), spatially structured environmental (grey), and purely spatial (white) variation (adjusted R<sup>2</sup>) explaining the composition of synanthropic harvestmen communities and their native and non-native components.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "purely", "spatially", "structured", "spatial", "explaining", "synanthropic", "harvestmen", "communities", "non-native"], "article_id"=>951385, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fractions_of_purely_environmental_black_spatially_structured_environmental_grey_and_purely_spatial_white_variation_adjusted_R_2_explaining_the_composition_of_synanthropic_harvestmen_communities_and_their_native_and_non_native_components_/951385", "title"=>"Fractions of purely environmental (black), spatially structured environmental (grey), and purely spatial (white) variation (adjusted R<sup>2</sup>) explaining the composition of synanthropic harvestmen communities and their native and non-native components.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406863"], "description"=>"<p>Native species in normal font, non-native species in bold italics; for species names see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474#pone-0090474-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 2</a>; sampling localities are shown in grey (cf. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474#pone.0090474.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>). Eigenvalues: DCA1 0.284, DCA2 0.258</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "detrended", "correspondence", "synanthropic", "harvestmen", "communities", "luxembourg", "illustrating", "suggested", "displacement", "non-native"], "article_id"=>951386, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Detrended_Correspondence_Analysis_DCA_of_synanthropic_harvestmen_communities_in_Luxembourg_illustrating_the_suggested_absence_of_a_displacement_effect_of_native_species_through_non_native_species_/951386", "title"=>"Results of Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA) of synanthropic harvestmen communities in Luxembourg illustrating the suggested absence of a displacement effect of native species through non-native species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406864"], "description"=>"<p>R500, R1000, R2000 – data at 500 m, 1000 m, and 2000 m radius from starting point of sampling.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "variables", "included", "synanthropic", "harvestman"], "article_id"=>951387, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Environmental_variables_included_in_the_analysis_of_synanthropic_harvestman_communities_/951387", "title"=>"Environmental variables included in the analysis of synanthropic harvestman communities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406865"], "description"=>"<p>(a–d) Analysis at individual sets of environmental variables (radii, climate). (e) Overall analysis with variables identified in a–d. RDA significance levels: *p<0.05, **p<0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "explaining", "synanthropic", "harvestmen", "communities", "non-native", "fractions", "spatial", "scales", "500", "1000", "2000", "revealed", "hierarchical"], "article_id"=>951388, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Environmental_factors_explaining_the_composition_of_synanthropic_harvestmen_communities_and_their_native_and_non_native_fractions_at_different_spatial_scales_radii_of_500_m_1000_m_2000_m_from_sample_origin_as_revealed_by_the_hierarchical_analysis_/951388", "title"=>"Environmental factors explaining the composition of synanthropic harvestmen communities and their native and non-native fractions at different spatial scales (radii of 500 m, 1000 m, 2000 m from sample origin) as revealed by the hierarchical analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406866"], "description"=>"<p>The values represent the estimated importance of the variables (relative evidence weight) across all candidate models including the respective variables. Values ≥0.8 are shown in bold; the threshold of 0.8 was used to identify important variables <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474#pone.0090474-Calcagno2\" target=\"_blank\">[50]</a>. +/− indicates positive/negative relationship with the predictor variable.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "variables", "explaining", "occurrence", "synanthropic", "harvestmen"], "article_id"=>951389, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Landcover_variables_explaining_the_occurrence_of_the_eight_most_common_synanthropic_harvestmen_species_per_radii_/951389", "title"=>"Landcover variables explaining the occurrence of the eight most common synanthropic harvestmen species per radii.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406867", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1406868"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understanding how space affects the occurrence of native and non-native species is essential for inferring processes that shape communities. However, studies considering spatial and environmental variables for the entire community – as well as for the native and non-native assemblages in a single study – are scarce for animals. Harvestmen communities in central Europe have undergone drastic turnovers during the past decades, with several newly immigrated species, and thus provide a unique system to study such questions. We studied the wall-dwelling harvestmen communities from 52 human settlements in Luxembourg and found the assemblages to be largely dominated by non-native species (64% of specimens). Community structure was analysed using Moran's eigenvector maps as spatial variables, and landcover variables at different radii (500 m, 1000 m, 2000 m) in combination with climatic parameters as environmental variables. A surprisingly high portion of pure spatial variation (15.7% of total variance) exceeded the environmental (10.6%) and shared (4%) components of variation, but we found only minor differences between native and non-native assemblages. This could result from the ecological flexibility of both, native and non-native harvestmen that are not restricted to urban habitats but also inhabit surrounding semi-natural landscapes. Nevertheless, urban landcover variables explained more variation in the non-native community, whereas coverage of semi-natural habitats (forests, rivers) at broader radii better explained the native assemblage. This indicates that some urban characteristics apparently facilitate the establishment of non-native species. We found no evidence for competitive replacement of native by invasive species, but a community with novel combination of native and non-native species.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Species interactions", "biodiversity", "Conservation science", "Ecological environments", "Global change ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "urban ecology", "Zoology", "Entomology", "overrules", "non-native", "assemblages", "synanthropic"], "article_id"=>951390, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christoph Muster", "Marc Meyer", "Thomas Sattler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090474.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_Arrangement_Overrules_Environmental_Factors_to_Structure_Native_and_Non_Native_Assemblages_of_Synanthropic_Harvestmen_/951390", "title"=>"Spatial Arrangement Overrules Environmental Factors to Structure Native and Non-Native Assemblages of Synanthropic Harvestmen", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-03-04 03:08:12"}

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Relative Metric

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