Deer Browsing Delays Succession by Altering Aboveground Vegetation and Belowground Seed Banks
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{"title"=>"Deer browsing delays succession by altering aboveground vegetation and belowground seed banks", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"DiTommaso", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701434788"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott H.", "last_name"=>"Morris", "scopus_author_id"=>"35220495200"}, {"first_name"=>"John D.", "last_name"=>"Parker", "scopus_author_id"=>"56842064100"}, {"first_name"=>"Caitlin L.", "last_name"=>"Cone", "scopus_author_id"=>"56095473800"}, {"first_name"=>"Anurag A.", "last_name"=>"Agrawal", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202770069"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897444763", "pui"=>"372731721", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091155", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84897444763", "pmid"=>"24608258"}, "id"=>"b3dccfc5-bbcc-3f59-b72b-f71e52cb3d61", "abstract"=>"Soil seed bank composition is important to the recovery of natural and semi-natural areas from disturbance and serves as a safeguard against environmental catastrophe. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations have increased dramatically in eastern North America over the past century and can have strong impacts on aboveground vegetation, but their impacts on seed bank dynamics are less known. To document the long-term effects of deer browsing on plant successional dynamics, we studied the impacts of deer on both aboveground vegetation and seed bank composition in plant communities following agricultural abandonment. In 2005, we established six 15×15 m fenced enclosures and paired open plots in recently fallowed agricultural fields near Ithaca, NY, USA. In late October of each of six years (2005–2010), we collected soil from each plot and conducted seed germination cycles in a greenhouse to document seed bank composition. These data were compared to measurements of aboveground plant cover (2005–2008) and tree density (2005–2012). The impacts of deer browsing on aboveground vegetation were severe and immediate, resulting in significantly more bare soil, reduced plant biomass, reduced recruitment of woody species, and relatively fewer native species. These impacts persisted throughout the experiment. The impacts of browsing were even stronger on seed bank dynamics. Browsing resulted in significantly decreased overall species richness (but higher diversity), reduced seed bank abundance, relatively more short-lived species (annuals and biennials), and fewer native species. Both seed bank richness and the relative abundance of annuals/biennials were mirrored in the aboveground vegetation. Thus, deer browsing has long-term and potentially reinforcing impacts on secondary succession, slowing succession by selectively consuming native perennials and woody species and favoring the persistence of short-lived, introduced species that continually recruit from an altered seed bank.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/deer-browsing-delays-succession-altering-aboveground-vegetation-belowground-seed-banks", "reader_count"=>85, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>20, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>59}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>20}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412549"], "description"=>"<p>Statistically significant best fit lines are shown. Statistics are given in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155#pone-0091155-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "correlations", "abundance", "aboveground"], "article_id"=>955889, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Across_year_correlations_for_species_richness_diversity_and_total_abundance_in_the_seed_bank_versus_aboveground_vegetation_/955889", "title"=>"Across year correlations for species richness, diversity, and total abundance in the seed bank versus aboveground vegetation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412551"], "description"=>"<p>Best fit lines are shown when significant. Statistics are given in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155#pone-0091155-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "correlations", "abundance", "aboveground"], "article_id"=>955891, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Across_year_correlations_for_relative_abundance_of_annuals_biennials_native_species_and_native_abundance_in_the_seed_bank_versus_aboveground_vegetation_/955891", "title"=>"Across year correlations for relative abundance of annuals/biennials, native species, and native abundance in the seed bank versus aboveground vegetation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412552"], "description"=>"<p>Bold values denote statistical significance at P≤0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "ancovas", "exclosure", "measures", "aboveground"], "article_id"=>955892, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_ANCOVAs_testing_effects_of_year_deer_exclosure_and_the_previous_year_8217_s_seed_bank_structure_on_measures_of_aboveground_plant_community_structure_/955892", "title"=>"Results of ANCOVAs testing effects of year, deer exclosure and the previous year’s seed bank structure on measures of aboveground plant community structure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412553"], "description"=>"<p>The year-by-deer exclusion interaction was never significant and subsequently dropped from all models; df  = 5 for germinant models and df  = 3 for aboveground vegetation models. Initial values shown are <b>χ</b><sup>2</sup> values for likelihood tests excluding treatment of interest. Bold values denote statistical significance at P≤0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "linear", "exclosure", "measures", "aboveground"], "article_id"=>955893, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_linear_mixed_models_testing_effects_of_deer_exclosure_and_year_on_measures_of_plant_community_structure_from_the_soil_seed_bank_and_aboveground_vegetation_/955893", "title"=>"Results of linear mixed models testing effects of deer exclosure and year on measures of plant community structure from the soil seed bank and aboveground vegetation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412543"], "description"=>"<p>Shown are means ± SE for percentage bare soil, the aboveground dry biomass of subsamples (0.25 m<sup>2</sup>), and the number of woody plants recruited into the plots. All responses were statistically significant (P≤0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "browsing", "months", "imposition"], "article_id"=>955883, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impacts_of_deer_browsing_on_initial_establishment_of_the_plots_2_months_after_imposition_of_the_treatment_/955883", "title"=>"Impacts of deer browsing on initial establishment of the plots (2 months after imposition of the treatment).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1412546"], "description"=>"<p>(Shown are means ± SE).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Agroecology", "Agro-population ecology", "Animal management", "ecology", "Community Ecology", "Community assembly", "community structure", "Food web structure", "Trophic interactions", "biodiversity", "Environmental protection", "Terrestrial ecology", "Plant science", "Plant ecology", "plants", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Population ecology", "browsing", "abundance", "germinants", "2005", "aboveground", "vegetation", "years"], "article_id"=>955886, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Antonio DiTommaso", "Scott H. Morris", "John D. Parker", "Caitlin L. Cone", "Anurag A. Agrawal"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091155.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impacts_of_deer_browsing_on_species_richness_diversity_and_total_abundance_of_germinants_from_the_soil_seed_bank_left_panels_between_2005_and_2010_and_aboveground_vegetation_right_panels_in_years_2006_8211_2008_/955886", "title"=>"Impacts of deer browsing on species richness, diversity, and total abundance of germinants from the soil seed bank (left panels) between 2005 and 2010, and aboveground vegetation (right panels) in years 2006–2008.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-07 03:30:56"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[331]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[278, 438]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[313]}]}
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