Successful Contextual Integration of Loose Mental Associations As Evidenced by Emotional Conflict-Processing
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{"title"=>"Successful contextual integration of loose mental associations as evidenced by emotional conflict-processing", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ulrike", "last_name"=>"Zimmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601975720"}, {"first_name"=>"Karl", "last_name"=>"Koschutnig", "scopus_author_id"=>"25649756700"}, {"first_name"=>"Franz", "last_name"=>"Ebner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103360690"}, {"first_name"=>"Anja", "last_name"=>"Ischebeck", "scopus_author_id"=>"11739743100"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372764687", "sgr"=>"84897549539", "pmid"=>"24618674", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897549539", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091470", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"cf96b387-bd6c-3e44-b193-2b0b12723ede", "abstract"=>"Often we cannot resist emotional distraction, because emotions capture our attention. For example, in TV-commercials, tempting emotional voices add an emotional expression to a formerly neutral product. Here, we used a Stroop-like conflict paradigm as a tool to investigate whether emotional capture results in contextual integration of loose mental associations. Specifically, we tested whether the associatively connected meaning of an ignored auditory emotion with a non-emotional neutral visual target would yield a modulation of activation sensitive to emotional conflict in the brain. In an fMRI-study, nineteen participants detected the presence or absence of a little worm hidden in the picture of an apple, while ignoring a voice with an emotional sound of taste (delicious/disgusting). Our results indicate a modulation due to emotional conflict, pronounced most strongly when processing conflict in the context of disgust (conflict: disgust/no-worm vs. no conflict: disgust/worm). For conflict in the context of disgust, insula activity was increased, with activity correlating positively with reaction time in the conflict case. Conflict in the context of deliciousness resulted in increased amygdala activation, possibly due to the resulting \"negative\" emotion in incongruent versus congruent combinations. These results indicate that our associative stimulus-combinations showed a conflict-dependent modulation of activity in emotional brain areas. This shows that the emotional sounds were successfully contextually integrated with the loosely associated neutral pictures.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/successful-contextual-integration-loose-mental-associations-evidenced-emotional-conflictprocessing", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1414993"], "description"=>"<p>There was no significant effect of incongruent vs. congruent stimulation in any emotion, nor a general effect of emotion itself. (Abbreviations as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470#pone-0091470-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "Sensory physiology", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Sensory perception", "Sensory systems", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "emotions", "Human performance", "Cognitive psychology", "cortex", "elicited", "multisensory"], "article_id"=>957872, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Ulrike Zimmer", "Karl Koschutnig", "Franz Ebner", "Anja Ischebeck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Auditory_cortex_activity_elicited_by_the_multisensory_emotion_conditions_/957872", "title"=>"Auditory cortex activity elicited by the multisensory emotion conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-11 03:00:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1414986"], "description"=>"<p>An example of a stimulus sequence is shown. The task of the participants was to fixate on the central cross and detect the presence or absence of a little worm on an apple (50% probability each). Two-thirds of all trials were accompanied by an emotional sound (disgust/delicious) preceding the visual target stimulus by 250 ms. There were 50% incongruent and 50% congruent prosody-target combinations for each auditory emotional type. Participants were instructed to ignore the auditory sound and to focus on the search for the worm. (SOA =  Stimulus onset asynchrony).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "Sensory physiology", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Sensory perception", "Sensory systems", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "emotions", "Human performance", "Cognitive psychology"], "article_id"=>957866, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Ulrike Zimmer", "Karl Koschutnig", "Franz Ebner", "Anja Ischebeck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Task_paradigm_/957866", "title"=>"Task paradigm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-11 03:00:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1414987"], "description"=>"<p>A) Original data: Reaction times to the pure visual and multisensory stimuli for worm absent/present presentations indicate longer search times for worm absent compared to worm present trials. B) Subtracting pure visual stimulus conditions from multisensory reaction times in the worm-absent and worm-present trials. Abbreviations under the little arrows indicate whether the emotion/target-presentation results in a congruent or incongruent emotional stimulus combination. (Abbreviations: Dis = disgusting sound, Del =  delicious sound; N =  worm absent, Y =  worm present; Inc =  incongruent; Con  =  congruent).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "Sensory physiology", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Sensory perception", "Sensory systems", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "emotions", "Human performance", "Cognitive psychology"], "article_id"=>957867, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Ulrike Zimmer", "Karl Koschutnig", "Franz Ebner", "Anja Ischebeck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioral_results_/957867", "title"=>"Behavioral results.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-11 03:00:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1414989"], "description"=>"<p>A) The anterior insula showed a conflict-related modulation of activity only for disgusting sounds (left diagram). Behavioral differences in reaction time for incongruent versus congruent stimulation (y-axis) were positively correlated with increased conflict-activity (x-axis) when presenting disgust (right diagram; red dots and line), but not when presenting the delicious sounds (right diagram; green squares and line). B) In the amygdala, conflicting activity changes were found only for the delicious sound. Correlations of behavior and neural activity for emotional conflict were not significant. (Abbreviations as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470#pone-0091470-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Neurological system", "Sensory physiology", "neuroscience", "neuroimaging", "fmri", "Cognitive neuroscience", "Sensory perception", "Sensory systems", "psychology", "behavior", "Attention (behavior)", "emotions", "Human performance", "Cognitive psychology", "areas"], "article_id"=>957869, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Ulrike Zimmer", "Karl Koschutnig", "Franz Ebner", "Anja Ischebeck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091470.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modulation_of_brain_activity_in_emotional_areas_by_emotional_conflict_/957869", "title"=>"Modulation of brain activity in emotional areas by emotional conflict.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-11 03:00:32"}

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