Resilience to Disturbance Despite Limited Dispersal and Self-Recruitment in Tropical Barrel Sponges: Implications for Conservation and Management
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{"title"=>"Resilience to disturbance despite limited dispersal and self-recruitment in tropical barrel sponges: Implications for conservation and management", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"James J.", "last_name"=>"Bell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404446141"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"55722939900"}, {"first_name"=>"Danielle", "last_name"=>"Hannan", "scopus_author_id"=>"26023224100"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdul", "last_name"=>"Haris", "scopus_author_id"=>"56581763400"}, {"first_name"=>"Jamaludin", "last_name"=>"Jompa", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603032552"}, {"first_name"=>"Luke", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"55777924300"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372852129", "sgr"=>"84925284153", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24651687", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84925284153", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091635", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"8c5b9988-ab8b-3390-9bd4-ebe90747f9a1", "abstract"=>"While estimates of connectivity are important for effective management, few such estimates are available for reef invertebrates other than for corals. Barrel sponges are one of the largest and most conspicuous members of the coral reef fauna across the Indo-Pacific and given their large size, longevity and ability to process large volumes of water, they have a major role in reef functioning. Here we used a panel of microsatellite markers to characterise the genetic structure of two barrel sponge species, Xestospongia testudinaria and a currently undescribed Xestospongia species. We sampled across seven populations in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, SE Sulawesi (Indonesia) spanning a spatial scale of approximately 2 to 70 km, and present the first estimates of demographic connectivity for coral reef sponges. Genetic analyses showed high levels of genetic differentiation between all populations for both species, but contrasting patterns of genetic structuring for the two species. Autocorrelation analyses showed the likely dispersal distances of both species to be in the order of 60 and 140 m for Xestopongia sp. and Xestospongia testudinaria, respectively, which was supported by assignment tests that showed high levels of self-recruitment (>80%). We also found consistently high inbreeding coefficients across all populations for both species. Our study highlights the potential susceptibility of barrel sponges to environmental perturbations because they are generally long-lived, slow growing, have small population sizes and are likely to be reliant on self-recruitment. Surprisingly, despite these features we actually found the highest abundance of both barrel sponge species (although they were generally smaller) at a site that has been severely impacted by humans over the last fifty years. This suggests that barrel sponges exhibit environmental adaptation to declining environmental quality and has important implications for the management and conservation of these important reef species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/resilience-disturbance-despite-limited-dispersal-selfrecruitment-tropical-barrel-sponges-implication", "reader_count"=>48, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>9, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>9}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427861"], "description"=>"<p>Bold values indicate significance based on 10,000 permutations with a Bonferroni adjusted <i>P</i> value of 0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "fixation"], "article_id"=>968218, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pairwise_fixation_index_values_F_ST_for_group_A_above_diagonal_and_group_B_below_diagonal_/968218", "title"=>"Pairwise fixation index values F<sub>ST</sub> for group A (above diagonal) and group B (below diagonal).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427856"], "description"=>"<p>Plots generated in STRUCTURE Harvester that show the mean log likelihood of the data [L(K)] and Evanno’s delta K statistic for both sponge groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "generated", "harvester", "delta", "statistic", "sponge"], "article_id"=>968213, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>380, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plots_generated_in_STRUCTURE_Harvester_that_show_the_mean_log_likelihood_of_the_data_L_K_and_Evanno_8217_s_delta_K_statistic_for_both_sponge_groups_/968213", "title"=>"Plots generated in STRUCTURE Harvester that show the mean log likelihood of the data [L(K)] and Evanno’s delta K statistic for both sponge groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427855"], "description"=>"<p>Sampling locations are along the x-axis and membership coefficient in each predefined cluster (K) is along the y-axis. K = 3 and K = 4 clustering scenarios according to STRUCTURE HARVESTER for group 1 and 2, respectively. Results were averaged across 10 runs with CLUMP and visualized with DISTRUCT.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "clustering", "groups", "samples"], "article_id"=>968212, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bayesian_clustering_analysis_using_STRUCTURE_2_3_2_for_two_groups_of_Xestospongia_samples_group_1_upper_chart_A_group_2_lower_chart_B_/968212", "title"=>"Bayesian clustering analysis using STRUCTURE 2.3.2 for two groups of <i>Xestospongia</i> samples (group 1– upper chart, A: group 2 lower chart, B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427852"], "description"=>"<p>Allele discovery curves for each locus using samples from the Sampela site, which as the largest population size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "curves", "locus", "samples", "sampela", "largest"], "article_id"=>968209, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Allele_discovery_curves_for_each_locus_using_samples_from_the_Sampela_site_which_as_the_largest_population_size_/968209", "title"=>"Allele discovery curves for each locus using samples from the Sampela site, which as the largest population size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427850"], "description"=>"<p>Sampling locations of <i>Xestospongia</i> spp. in the Wakatobi Marine National Park.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "locations", "Wakatobi"], "article_id"=>968207, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_locations_of_Xestospongia_spp_in_the_Wakatobi_Marine_National_Park_/968207", "title"=>"Sampling locations of <i>Xestospongia</i> spp. in the Wakatobi Marine National Park.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427851"], "description"=>"<p>The museum specimens of <i>Xestospongia testudinara</i> and <i>X. bergquistia</i> are shown as large symbols.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "implemented", "genealex", "pairwise", "samples"], "article_id"=>968208, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principle_Coordinate_Analysis_PCA_implemented_in_GENEALEX_v_6_3_of_pairwise_A_Nei_8217_s_genetic_distance_for_all_samples_from_the_Wakatobi_/968208", "title"=>"Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCA) implemented in GENEALEX v 6.3 of pairwise (A) Nei’s genetic distance for all samples from the Wakatobi.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427863"], "description"=>"<p>Detection of first generation migrants was done using an exclusion threshold approach where an individual was excluded from their corresponding sampling site when the probability of exclusion was >95%. Individuals that were excluded were assigned to another population when the probability of assignment was above a more conservative threshold of >0.10. Individuals that could not be re-assigned to any of the sampled populations with a p value >0.10 were considered to have originated from a non-sampled location. Numbers in brackets in column 1 are the total sample sizes for each population.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "conducted", "geneclass"], "article_id"=>968220, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Assignment_tests_conducted_in_GeneClass_v_2_0_/968220", "title"=>"Assignment tests conducted in GeneClass v. 2.0.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427860"], "description"=>"<p>Genetic diversity indices including total number of alleles per population, mean number of alleles per loci, and Nei’s unbiased Heterozygosity (UHe), are also shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "allelic", "alleles", "locus", "microsatellite"], "article_id"=>968217, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Allele_size_variation_standardized_allelic_richness_and_total_number_of_alleles_per_locus_N_at_nine_microsatellite_loci_/968217", "title"=>"Allele size variation (standardized allelic richness) and total number of alleles per locus (N) at nine microsatellite loci.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427858"], "description"=>"<p>Grey lines are data from Karang Gurita (KG) and black lines for Sampela (SAM).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "sponges", "250", "reef", "sites", "Wakatobi"], "article_id"=>968215, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Size_distribution_of_all_barrel_sponges_all_specimens_along_a_250_m_section_of_reef_at_two_sites_in_the_Wakatobi_Marine_National_Park_/968215", "title"=>"Size distribution of all barrel sponges (all specimens) along a 250 m section of reef at two sites in the Wakatobi Marine National Park.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427859"], "description"=>"<p>(N) number of individuals sampled; (N<sub>A</sub>) mean number of alleles per locus; (H<sub>O</sub>) observed and (H<sub>E</sub>) expected heterozygosity; and (F<sub>IS</sub>) inbreeding coefficients with corresponding significant values (P<sub>HWE</sub>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "locations", "Wakatobi"], "article_id"=>968216, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_locations_within_the_Wakatobi_Marine_National_Park_with_standard_genetic_diversity_indices_/968216", "title"=>"Sampling locations within the Wakatobi Marine National Park with standard genetic diversity indices.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427857"], "description"=>"<p>The bootstrapped 95% confidence error bars generated via 1000 bootstrap trials are shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "autocorrelation", "coefficient", "genetically", "groups", "Wakatobi", "calculated", "genalex", "v6", "smouse"], "article_id"=>968214, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_autocorrelation_analyses_of_the_genetic_correlation_coefficient_r_as_a_function_of_distance_for_two_genetically_distinct_groups_of_Xestopongia_on_the_Wakatobi_Marine_National_Park_calculated_with_GenAlEx_v6_Peakall_and_Smouse_2006_/968214", "title"=>"Spatial autocorrelation analyses of the genetic correlation coefficient (r) as a function of distance for two genetically distinct groups of <i>Xestopongia</i> on the Wakatobi Marine National Park calculated with GenAlEx v6 (Peakall and Smouse 2006).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427854"], "description"=>"<p>Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCA) implemented in GENEALEX v 6.3 of pairwise (Nei’s genetic distance (above) and <i>F<sub>ST</sub></i> values (below) between populations of two groups (A and B) of <i>Xestospongia</i> samples collected in the Wakatobi Marine National Park.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "implemented", "genealex", "pairwise", "populations", "groups", "samples", "Wakatobi"], "article_id"=>968211, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principle_Coordinate_Analysis_PCA_implemented_in_GENEALEX_v_6_3_of_pairwise_Nei_s_genetic_distance_above_and_F_ST_values_below_between_populations_of_two_groups_A_and_B_of_Xestospongia_samples_collected_in_the_Wakatobi_Marine_National_Park_/968211", "title"=>"Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCA) implemented in GENEALEX v 6.3 of pairwise (Nei’s genetic distance (above) and <i>F<sub>ST</sub></i> values (below) between populations of two groups (A and B) of <i>Xestospongia</i> samples collected in the Wakatobi Marine National Park.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1427853"], "description"=>"<p>Mantel test of Isolation by distance using linearized <i>F<sub>ST</sub></i> with 95% confidence intervals for the two groups (Group – left, Group B – right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Comparative genomics", "ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "genetics", "genomics", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "Marine conservation", "Conservation science", "linearized", "intervals", "groups"], "article_id"=>968210, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["James J. Bell", "David Smith", "Danielle Hannan", "Abdul Haris", "Jamaludin Jompa", "Luke Thomas"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091635.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mantel_test_of_Isolation_by_distance_using_linearized_F_ST_with_95_confidence_intervals_for_the_two_groups_Group_left_Group_B_right_/968210", "title"=>"Mantel test of Isolation by distance using linearized <i>F<sub>ST</sub></i> with 95% confidence intervals for the two groups (Group – left, Group B – right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-20 02:59:40"}

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