Development and Validation of a New Multidimensional Measure of Inspiration: Associations with Risk for Bipolar Disorder
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{"title"=>"Development and validation of a new multidimensional measure of inspiration: Associations with risk for bipolar disorder", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Steven", "last_name"=>"Jones", "scopus_author_id"=>"55330903800"}, {"first_name"=>"Alyson", "last_name"=>"Dodd", "scopus_author_id"=>"35101732000"}, {"first_name"=>"June", "last_name"=>"Gruber", "scopus_author_id"=>"8929220900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373038504", "sgr"=>"84899904697", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24670894", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899904697", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091669"}, "id"=>"42e5e85f-8298-3cdc-90a8-cc16622ad17b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Individuals at risk for, and diagnosed with, bipolar disorder (BD) appear to have heightened levels of creativity. Although inspiration is creativity, the ways in which individuals appraise and respond emotionally to inspiration in BD remain unexplored. METHOD: The present study reports on a new measure of inspiration (External and Internal Sources of Inspiration Scale--EISI). The reliability and validity of EISI were explored along with associations between EISI and BD risk. RESULTS: Among a cross-national student sample (N = 708) 5 inspiration factors were derived from EISI (self, other, achievement, prosocial and external inspiration). Reliability, concurrent validity and convergent/divergent validity were good. Total EISI and all subscales were associated with increased positive rumination, and total EISI and the achievement EISI subscale were associated with impulsivity. Total EISI, self and prosocial EISI subscales were independently associated with BD risk and current mania symptoms. CONCLUSION: This new measure of inspiration is multidimensional, reliable and valid. Findings suggest that self and prosocial focused inspiration are particularly associated with risk for BD after controlling for current manic symptoms. Future studies in clinical populations may illuminate the relationships between inspiration and creativity in BD.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/development-validation-new-multidimensional-measure-inspiration-associations-risk-bipolar-disorder", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Design"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>19, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>19}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Italy"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436833"], "description"=>"<p>Participant flow chart.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry"], "article_id"=>975680, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participant_flow_chart_/975680", "title"=>"Participant flow chart.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436840", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436841", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436842"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Individuals at risk for, and diagnosed with, bipolar disorder (BD) appear to have heightened levels of creativity. Although inspiration is creativity, the ways in which individuals appraise and respond emotionally to inspiration in BD remain unexplored.</p><p>Method</p><p>The present study reports on a new measure of inspiration (External and Internal Sources of Inspiration Scale - EISI). The reliability and validity of EISI were explored along with associations between EISI and BD risk.</p><p>Results</p><p>Among a cross-national student sample (<i>N</i> = 708) 5 inspiration factors were derived from EISI (self, other, achievement, prosocial and external inspiration). Reliability, concurrent validity and convergent/divergent validity were good. Total EISI and all subscales were associated with increased positive rumination, and total EISI and the achievement EISI subscale were associated with impulsivity. Total EISI, self and prosocial EISI subscales were independently associated with BD risk and current mania symptoms.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>This new measure of inspiration is multidimensional, reliable and valid. Findings suggest that self and prosocial focused inspiration are particularly associated with risk for BD after controlling for current manic symptoms. Future studies in clinical populations may illuminate the relationships between inspiration and creativity in BD.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry", "validation", "multidimensional", "associations", "bipolar"], "article_id"=>975687, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Development_and_Validation_of_a_New_Multidimensional_Measure_of_Inspiration_Associations_with_Risk_for_Bipolar_Disorder_/975687", "title"=>"Development and Validation of a New Multidimensional Measure of Inspiration: Associations with Risk for Bipolar Disorder", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436839"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note: Factor</i> 1 = Self-focus; Factor 2 = Others-focus; Factor 3 = Achievement-focus; Factor 4 = Emotion = focus; Factor 5 = External-focus h<sup>2</sup> = Communality; r<sub>i(t-i) = </sub>Corrected item-total correlation; Corrected α = Cronbach's α if item delete.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry", "loading"], "article_id"=>975686, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Component_loading_table_for_External_and_Internal_Inspiration_Scale_/975686", "title"=>"Component loading table for External and Internal Inspiration Scale.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436836"], "description"=>"<p>Note: <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = .11** at step 1, <i>ΔR</i><sup>2</sup> = .06** at step 2. HPS = Hypomanic Personality Scale; ASRM = Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale.</p><p>**<i>p<</i>0.001 (Adjusted α for Bonferroni correction = .003).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry", "associations", "eisi", "subscales", "bipolar", "controlling"], "article_id"=>975683, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hypothesis_2b_Associations_between_EISI_subscales_and_bipolar_risk_when_controlling_for_current_mania_/975683", "title"=>"Hypothesis 2b: Associations between EISI subscales and bipolar risk, when controlling for current mania.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436835"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note:</i> EISI = External and Internal Scale of Inspiration; IS = Inspiration Scale; HPS = Hypomanic Personality Scale; ASRM = Altman Self Rating Mania Index; RPA = Responses to Positive Affect Scale; PUM = Positive Urgency Measure; Hypothesis 1b: ** <i>p<</i>0.001 (Adjusted α-level after Bonferroni correction = 0.004); Hypothesis 1c: *<i>p</i><0.002 **<i>p</i><0.001 (Adjusted α-level after Bonferroni correction = 0.002); Hypothesis 2a: <i>*p</i><0.003 **<i>p<</i>0.001 (Adjusted α-level after Bonferroni correction = 0.003).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry", "eisi", "subscales", "hps"], "article_id"=>975682, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_between_the_EISI_EISI_subscales_with_IS_RPA_PUM_HPS_and_ASRM_/975682", "title"=>"Correlations between the EISI, EISI subscales with IS, RPA, PUM, HPS and ASRM.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436838"], "description"=>"<p>Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS); Altman Self Rating Mania Index (ASRM); Responses to Positive Affect Scale (RPA); Positive Urgency Measure (PUM); Inspiration Scale (IS); External and Internal Scale of Inspiration (EISI).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry"], "article_id"=>975685, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_Statistics_for_all_variables_/975685", "title"=>"Descriptive Statistics for all variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436837"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note:</i> Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS); Altman Self Rating Mania Index (ASRM); Inspiration Scale (IS); External and Internal Scale of Inspiration (EISI); Responses to Positive Affect Scale (RPA); Positive Urgency Measure (PUM).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry"], "article_id"=>975684, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_Questionnaire_Measures_/975684", "title"=>"Description of Questionnaire Measures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436834"], "description"=>"<p>Note: EISI = External and Internal Scale of Inspiration; HPS = Hypomanic Personality Scale; ASRM = Altman Self Rating Mania Index. EISI, R<sup>2</sup> = .11** at step 1, ΔR<sup>2</sup> = .004 at step 2.</p><p>Self, R<sup>2</sup> = .10** at step 1, ΔR<sup>2</sup> = .004 at step 2.</p><p>Others, <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = .02** at step 1, <i>ΔR</i><sup>2</sup> = .004 at step 2.</p><p>Achievement, <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = .06** at step 1, <i>ΔR</i><sup>2</sup> = .001 at step 2.</p><p>Prosocial, <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = .06** at step 1, <i>ΔR</i><sup>2</sup> = .000 at step 2.</p><p>External, <i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = .02** at step 1, <i>ΔR</i><sup>2</sup> = .002 at step 2.</p><p>*<i>p</i><0.003.</p><p>**<i>p<</i>0.001 (Adjusted α for Bonferroni correction = .003).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry", "associations", "eisi"], "article_id"=>975681, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hypothesis_2b_Associations_between_HPS_ASRM_and_EISI_subscales_/975681", "title"=>"Hypothesis 2b: Associations between HPS, ASRM, and EISI subscales.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436832"], "description"=>"<p>External and Internal Scale of Inspiration (EISI).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychology", "behavior", "Clinical psychology", "emotions", "personality", "Psychometrics", "Mental health and psychiatry"], "article_id"=>975679, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Steven Jones", "Alyson Dodd", "June Gruber"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091669.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_External_and_Internal_Scale_of_Inspiration_EISI_/975679", "title"=>"External and Internal Scale of Inspiration (EISI).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:41:44"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[289]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[307]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Diagnostic medicine", "average_usage"=>[257]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[286]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[314, 476]}]}
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