The Marble-Hand Illusion
Publication Date
March 12, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Irene Senna, Angelo Maravita, Nadia Bolognini & Cesare V. Parise
Volume
9
Issue
3
Pages
e91688
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0091688
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24621793
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3951417
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24621793
Web of Science
000332845300118
Scopus
84898760681
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/marblehand-illusion
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The marble-hand illusion", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Irene", "last_name"=>"Senna", "scopus_author_id"=>"36461788300"}, {"first_name"=>"Angelo", "last_name"=>"Maravita", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604039076"}, {"first_name"=>"Nadia", "last_name"=>"Bolognini", "scopus_author_id"=>"22939946700"}, {"first_name"=>"Cesare V.", "last_name"=>"Parise", "scopus_author_id"=>"24484340000"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372785667", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091688", "sgr"=>"84898760681", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84898760681", "pmid"=>"24621793"}, "id"=>"70b07dc8-5eb7-302f-a716-e5ac6a124b74", "abstract"=>"Our body is made of flesh and bones. We know it, and in our daily lives all the senses constantly provide converging information about this simple, factual truth. But is this always the case? Here we report a surprising bodily illusion demonstrating that humans rapidly update their assumptions about the material qualities of their body, based on their recent multisensory perceptual experience. To induce a misperception of the material properties of the hand, we repeatedly gently hit participants' hand with a small hammer, while progressively replacing the natural sound of the hammer against the skin with the sound of a hammer hitting a piece of marble. After five minutes, the hand started feeling stiffer, heavier, harder, less sensitive, unnatural, and showed enhanced Galvanic skin response (GSR) to threatening stimuli. Notably, such a change in skin conductivity positively correlated with changes in perceived hand stiffness. Conversely, when hammer hits and impact sounds were temporally uncorrelated, participants did not spontaneously report any changes in the perceived properties of the hand, nor did they show any modulation in GSR. In two further experiments, we ruled out that mere audio-tactile synchrony is the causal factor triggering the illusion, further demonstrating the key role of material information conveyed by impact sounds in modulating the perceived material properties of the hand. This novel bodily illusion, the 'Marble-Hand Illusion', demonstrates that the perceived material of our body, surely the most stable attribute of our bodily self, can be quickly updated through multisensory integration.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/marblehand-illusion", "reader_count"=>74, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Philosophy"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>42, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>42}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Japan"=>3, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84898760681"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84898760681?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84898760681&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84898760681&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84898760681", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84898760681", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84898760681", "dc:title"=>"The marble-hand illusion", "dc:creator"=>"Senna I.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-03-12", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"12 March 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091688", "citedby-count"=>"28", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Universität Bielefeld", "affiliation-city"=>"Bielefeld", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Milano - Bicocca", "affiliation-city"=>"Milan", "affiliation-country"=>"Italy"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24621793", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e91688", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0091688", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"350", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"6184"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"64", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1669"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"603"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"399"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"386"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"255"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"304"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"291"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"645"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"189"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"528"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"466"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"155"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"267"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"308"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416943"], "description"=>"<p>A. Questionnaire results. Scores represent the changes in the response between the post-stimulation and pre-stimulation presentations of the questionnaire. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean. The items of the questionnaire were presented in a random order, and participants provided their responses on a 7-points scale. B. Galvanic skin response (GSR) results. GSR was not affected by the stimulation (no significant difference in the GSR before and after the stimulation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology"], "article_id"=>959469, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_3_/959469", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 3.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416946"], "description"=>"<p>The values in brackets relate to the difference between before and after the stimulation as assessed by the Wilcoxon test. Comparison between MHI and control was done using the Mann-Whitney's U test. The last column reports the effect size r. Asterisks indicate a significant difference between the MHI and the control condition (one asterisk p<0.05, two asterisks p<0.01). All p-values are corrected with Bonferroni-Holm correction.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology", "sem", "items"], "article_id"=>959472, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_difference_and_SEM_in_the_questionnaire_items_before_and_after_stimulation_/959472", "title"=>"Mean difference and SEM in the questionnaire items before and after stimulation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416944"], "description"=>"<p>Sensations reported spontaneously after the stimulation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology", "spontaneously"], "article_id"=>959470, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sensations_reported_spontaneously_after_the_stimulation_/959470", "title"=>"Sensations reported spontaneously after the stimulation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416941"], "description"=>"<p>A. Questionnaire results. Scores represent the changes in the response between the post-stimulation and pre-stimulation presentations of the questionnaire. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean. The items of the questionnaire were presented in a random order, and participants provided their responses on a 7-points scale. B. Galvanic skin response (GSR) results. GSR was not affected by the stimulation (no significant difference in the GSR before and after the stimulation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology"], "article_id"=>959467, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_2_/959467", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416940"], "description"=>"<p>A. Schematic representation of the experimental apparatus. The opaque screen occluded the vision of the hand, but not of the approaching hammer. B. Temporal structure of hammer hits and impact sounds in the MHI and in the control condition. C. Questionnaire results. Scores represent the changes in the response between the post-stimulation and pre-stimulation presentations of the questionnaire. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean, and the asterisks indicate a significant difference (one asterisk p<0.05; two asterisks p<0.01) between the MHI and the control condition. The items of the questionnaire were presented in a random order, and participants provided their responses on a 7-points scale. D. Galvanic skin response results. After the stimulation, the response to threatening stimuli increased for the MHI (p<0.01), but not for the control. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean. E. Correlation between stiffness rating and Galvanic skin response in the MHI group (Pearson's ρ = 0.6; p = 0.02). The data is fitted with a Deming regression line; larger dots represent two points falling in close proximity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology", "setup"], "article_id"=>959466, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_setup_and_results_of_Experiment_1_/959466", "title"=>"Experimental setup and results of Experiment 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1416949"], "description"=>"<div><p>Our body is made of flesh and bones. We know it, and in our daily lives all the senses constantly provide converging information about this simple, factual truth. But is this always the case? Here we report a surprising bodily illusion demonstrating that humans rapidly update their assumptions about the material qualities of their body, based on their recent multisensory perceptual experience. To induce a misperception of the material properties of the hand, we repeatedly gently hit participants' hand with a small hammer, while progressively replacing the natural sound of the hammer against the skin with the sound of a hammer hitting a piece of marble. After five minutes, the hand started feeling stiffer, heavier, harder, less sensitive, unnatural, and showed enhanced Galvanic skin response (GSR) to threatening stimuli. Notably, such a change in skin conductivity positively correlated with changes in perceived hand stiffness. Conversely, when hammer hits and impact sounds were temporally uncorrelated, participants did not spontaneously report any changes in the perceived properties of the hand, nor did they show any modulation in GSR. In two further experiments, we ruled out that mere audio-tactile synchrony is the causal factor triggering the illusion, further demonstrating the key role of material information conveyed by impact sounds in modulating the perceived material properties of the hand. This novel bodily illusion, the ‘Marble-Hand Illusion', demonstrates that the perceived material of our body, surely the most stable attribute of our bodily self, can be quickly updated through multisensory integration.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "neuropsychology", "Sensory perception", "Mental health", "psychology", "Experimental psychology", "marble-hand"], "article_id"=>959475, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine", "Sociology"], "users"=>["Irene Senna", "Angelo Maravita", "Nadia Bolognini", "Cesare V. Parise"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091688", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Marble_Hand_Illusion_/959475", "title"=>"The Marble-Hand Illusion", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-12 03:19:01"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"89", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"95", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[289]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Equipment", "average_usage"=>[287, 444]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts