The Functional Significance of Aposematic Signals: Geographic Variation in the Responses of Widespread Lizard Predators to Colourful Invertebrate Prey
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{"title"=>"The functional significance of aposematic signals: Geographic variation in the responses of widespread lizard predators to colourful invertebrate prey", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Hui Yun", "last_name"=>"Tseng", "scopus_author_id"=>"19639382000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chung Ping", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"14019741700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jung Ya", "last_name"=>"Hsu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56096817300"}, {"first_name"=>"David A.", "last_name"=>"Pike", "scopus_author_id"=>"18438181700"}, {"first_name"=>"Wen San", "last_name"=>"Huang", "scopus_author_id"=>"37069018000"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897482921", "pui"=>"372755342", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0091777", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84897482921", "pmid"=>"24614681"}, "id"=>"341995d8-7640-38ef-bad1-65200fa19b75", "abstract"=>"Conspicuous colouration can evolve as a primary defence mechanism that advertises unprofitability and discourages predatory attacks. Geographic overlap is a primary determinant of whether individual predators encounter, and thus learn to avoid, such aposematic prey. We experimentally tested whether the conspicuous colouration displayed by Old World pachyrhynchid weevils (Pachyrhynchus tobafolius and Kashotonus multipunctatus) deters predation by visual predators (Swinhoe's tree lizard; Agamidae, Japalura swinhonis). During staged encounters, sympatric lizards attacked weevils without conspicuous patterns at higher rates than weevils with intact conspicuous patterns, whereas allopatric lizards attacked weevils with intact patterns at higher rates than sympatric lizards. Sympatric lizards also attacked masked weevils at lower rates, suggesting that other attributes of the weevils (size/shape/smell) also facilitate recognition. Allopatric lizards rapidly learned to avoid weevils after only a single encounter, and maintained aversive behaviours for more than three weeks. The imperfect ability of visual predators to recognize potential prey as unpalatable, both in the presence and absence of the aposematic signal, may help explain how diverse forms of mimicry exploit the predator's visual system to deter predation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/functional-significance-aposematic-signals-geographic-variation-responses-widespread-lizard-predator", "reader_count"=>37, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>26}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "Japan"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1413878"], "description"=>"<div><p>Conspicuous colouration can evolve as a primary defence mechanism that advertises unprofitability and discourages predatory attacks. Geographic overlap is a primary determinant of whether individual predators encounter, and thus learn to avoid, such aposematic prey. We experimentally tested whether the conspicuous colouration displayed by Old World pachyrhynchid weevils (<i>Pachyrhynchus tobafolius</i> and <i>Kashotonus multipunctatus</i>) deters predation by visual predators (Swinhoe’s tree lizard; Agamidae, <i>Japalura swinhonis</i>). During staged encounters, sympatric lizards attacked weevils without conspicuous patterns at higher rates than weevils with intact conspicuous patterns, whereas allopatric lizards attacked weevils with intact patterns at higher rates than sympatric lizards. Sympatric lizards also attacked masked weevils at lower rates, suggesting that other attributes of the weevils (size/shape/smell) also facilitate recognition. Allopatric lizards rapidly learned to avoid weevils after only a single encounter, and maintained aversive behaviours for more than three weeks. The imperfect ability of visual predators to recognize potential prey as unpalatable, both in the presence and absence of the aposematic signal, may help explain how diverse forms of mimicry exploit the predator’s visual system to deter predation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Behavioral ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "natural selection", "Animal behavior", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Predator-prey dynamics", "Zoology", "Entomology", "aposematic", "geographic", "responses", "lizard", "predators", "colourful", "invertebrate"], "article_id"=>956927, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hui-Yun Tseng", "Chung-Ping Lin", "Jung-Ya Hsu", "David A. Pike", "Wen-San Huang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091777", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Functional_Significance_of_Aposematic_Signals_Geographic_Variation_in_the_Responses_of_Widespread_Lizard_Predators_to_Colourful_Invertebrate_Prey_/956927", "title"=>"The Functional Significance of Aposematic Signals: Geographic Variation in the Responses of Widespread Lizard Predators to Colourful Invertebrate Prey", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-10 03:25:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1413876"], "description"=>"<p>Memory retention tests of the predatory responses of allopatric Swinhoe’s tree lizards (<i>Japalura swinhonis</i>) to colourful weevil prey (<i>K. multipunctatus</i>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Behavioral ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "natural selection", "Animal behavior", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Predator-prey dynamics", "Zoology", "Entomology", "retention", "predatory", "responses", "allopatric", "lizards", "colourful", "weevil", "prey"], "article_id"=>956925, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hui-Yun Tseng", "Chung-Ping Lin", "Jung-Ya Hsu", "David A. Pike", "Wen-San Huang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091777.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Memory_retention_tests_of_the_predatory_responses_of_allopatric_Swinhoe_s_tree_lizards_Japalura_swinhonis_to_colourful_weevil_prey_K_multipunctatus_/956925", "title"=>"Memory retention tests of the predatory responses of allopatric Swinhoe’s tree lizards (<i>Japalura swinhonis</i>) to colourful weevil prey (<i>K. multipunctatus</i>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-10 03:25:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1413874"], "description"=>"<p>Swinhoe’s tree lizards (<i>Japalura swinhonis</i>) often inhabit the same trees with pachyrhynchid weevils, but they rarely attack weevils.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Behavioral ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "natural selection", "Animal behavior", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Predator-prey dynamics", "Zoology", "Entomology", "lizards", "inhabit", "trees", "pachyrhynchid"], "article_id"=>956923, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hui-Yun Tseng", "Chung-Ping Lin", "Jung-Ya Hsu", "David A. Pike", "Wen-San Huang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091777.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Swinhoe_s_tree_lizards_Japalura_swinhonis_often_inhabit_the_same_trees_with_pachyrhynchid_weevils_but_they_rarely_attack_weevils_/956923", "title"=>"Swinhoe’s tree lizards (<i>Japalura swinhonis</i>) often inhabit the same trees with pachyrhynchid weevils, but they rarely attack weevils.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-10 03:25:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1413875"], "description"=>"<p>(a) The first four bars represent the response of sympatric lizards from Orchid Island and Green Island to <i>P. tobafolius</i>. The rightmost bars show the response of sympatric lizards from Green Islands to <i>K. multipunctatus</i>. Asterisk represents significant difference (<i>P</i><0.01); (b) Response of lizards from different localities to <i>P. tobafolius</i> with intact markings; (c) Response of lizards from different localities to <i>K. multipunctatus</i> with intact markings. Different letters indicate statistically significant differences. Note that <i>K. multipunctatus</i> does not occur on Orchid Island.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Behavioral ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "natural selection", "Animal behavior", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Predator-prey dynamics", "Zoology", "Entomology", "lizards", "exhibited", "predatory", "sympatric", "allopatric"], "article_id"=>956924, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hui-Yun Tseng", "Chung-Ping Lin", "Jung-Ya Hsu", "David A. Pike", "Wen-San Huang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091777.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_percentage_of_Swinhoe_s_tree_lizards_Japalura_swinhonis_that_exhibited_different_predatory_behaviour_shown_for_sympatric_and_allopatric_predator_populations_/956924", "title"=>"The percentage of Swinhoe’s tree lizards (<i>Japalura swinhonis</i>) that exhibited different predatory behaviour, shown for sympatric and allopatric predator populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-10 03:25:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1413870"], "description"=>"<p>(a) <i>Pachyrhynchus tobafolius</i>; (b) <i>Kashotonus multipunctatus</i>; (c) and (d) show <i>P. tobafolius</i> and <i>K. multipunctatus</i>, respectively, with their aposematic markings experimentally masked with a black marker pen.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Species interactions", "Behavioral ecology", "Physiological ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "natural selection", "Animal behavior", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Predator-prey dynamics", "Zoology", "Entomology", "weevils"], "article_id"=>956919, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hui-Yun Tseng", "Chung-Ping Lin", "Jung-Ya Hsu", "David A. Pike", "Wen-San Huang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091777.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pachyrhynchid_weevils_used_in_our_experiments_/956919", "title"=>"Pachyrhynchid weevils used in our experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-10 03:25:29"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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