Foraging Responses of Black-Legged Kittiwakes to Prolonged Food-Shortages around Colonies on the Bering Sea Shelf
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{"title"=>"Foraging responses of black-legged kittiwakes to prolonged food-shortages around colonies on the Bering Sea shelf", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Rosana", "last_name"=>"Paredes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007168382"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachael A.", "last_name"=>"Orben", "scopus_author_id"=>"55541399200"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert M.", "last_name"=>"Suryan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602687866"}, {"first_name"=>"David B.", "last_name"=>"Irons", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003729364"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel D.", "last_name"=>"Roby", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005596678"}, {"first_name"=>"Ann M A", "last_name"=>"Harding", "scopus_author_id"=>"9336930000"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca C.", "last_name"=>"Young", "scopus_author_id"=>"55637839200"}, {"first_name"=>"Kelly", "last_name"=>"Benoit-Bird", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602482714"}, {"first_name"=>"Carol", "last_name"=>"Ladd", "scopus_author_id"=>"56265819100"}, {"first_name"=>"Heather", "last_name"=>"Renner", "scopus_author_id"=>"9736299600"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott", "last_name"=>"Heppell", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701541196"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard A.", "last_name"=>"Phillips", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404241775"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexander", "last_name"=>"Kitaysky", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602114961"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899951995", "pui"=>"373038464", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0092520", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84899951995", "pmid"=>"24671108"}, "id"=>"11217033-6fe1-372e-9c53-2a7795f29739", "abstract"=>"We hypothesized that changes in southeastern Bering Sea foraging conditions for black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) have caused shifts in habitat use with direct implications for population trends. To test this, we compared at-sea distribution, breeding performance, and nutritional stress of kittiwakes in three years (2008-2010) at two sites in the Pribilof Islands, where the population has either declined (St. Paul) or remained stable (St. George). Foraging conditions were assessed from changes in (1) bird diets, (2) the biomass and distribution of juvenile pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) in 2008 and 2009, and (3) eddy kinetic energy (EKE; considered to be a proxy for oceanic prey availability). In years when biomass of juvenile pollock was low and patchily distributed in shelf regions, kittiwake diets included little or no neritic prey and a much higher occurrence of oceanic prey (e.g. myctophids). Birds from both islands foraged on the nearby shelves, or made substantially longer-distance trips overnight to the basin. Here, feeding was more nocturnal and crepuscular than on the shelf, and often occurred near anticyclonic, or inside cyclonic eddies. As expected from colony location, birds from St. Paul used neritic waters more frequently, whereas birds from St. George typically foraged in oceanic waters. Despite these distinctive foraging patterns, there were no significant differences between colonies in chick feeding rates or fledging success. High EKE in 2010 coincided with a 63% increase in use of the basin by birds from St. Paul compared with 2008 when EKE was low. Nonetheless, adult nutritional stress, which was relatively high across years at both colonies, peaked in birds from St. Paul in 2010. Diminishing food resources in nearby shelf habitats may have contributed to kittiwake population declines at St Paul, possibly driven by increased adult mortality or breeding desertion due to high foraging effort and nutritional stress.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/foraging-responses-blacklegged-kittiwakes-prolonged-foodshortages-around-colonies-bering-sea-shelf", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>33}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>2}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436205"], "description"=>"<div><p>We hypothesized that changes in southeastern Bering Sea foraging conditions for black-legged kittiwakes (<i>Rissa tridactyla</i>) have caused shifts in habitat use with direct implications for population trends. To test this, we compared at-sea distribution, breeding performance, and nutritional stress of kittiwakes in three years (2008–2010) at two sites in the Pribilof Islands, where the population has either declined (St. Paul) or remained stable (St. George). Foraging conditions were assessed from changes in (1) bird diets, (2) the biomass and distribution of juvenile pollock (<i>Theragra chalcogramma</i>) in 2008 and 2009, and (3) eddy kinetic energy (EKE; considered to be a proxy for oceanic prey availability). In years when biomass of juvenile pollock was low and patchily distributed in shelf regions, kittiwake diets included little or no neritic prey and a much higher occurrence of oceanic prey (e.g. myctophids). Birds from both islands foraged on the nearby shelves, or made substantially longer-distance trips overnight to the basin. Here, feeding was more nocturnal and crepuscular than on the shelf, and often occurred near anticyclonic, or inside cyclonic eddies. As expected from colony location, birds from St. Paul used neritic waters more frequently, whereas birds from St. George typically foraged in oceanic waters. Despite these distinctive foraging patterns, there were no significant differences between colonies in chick feeding rates or fledging success. High EKE in 2010 coincided with a 63% increase in use of the basin by birds from St. Paul compared with 2008 when EKE was low. Nonetheless, adult nutritional stress, which was relatively high across years at both colonies, peaked in birds from St. Paul in 2010. Diminishing food resources in nearby shelf habitats may have contributed to kittiwake population declines at St Paul, possibly driven by increased adult mortality or breeding desertion due to high foraging effort and nutritional stress.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "responses", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "prolonged", "food-shortages", "colonies", "bering"], "article_id"=>975168, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Foraging_Responses_of_Black_Legged_Kittiwakes_to_Prolonged_Food_Shortages_around_Colonies_on_the_Bering_Sea_Shelf_/975168", "title"=>"Foraging Responses of Black-Legged Kittiwakes to Prolonged Food-Shortages around Colonies on the Bering Sea Shelf", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436186"], "description"=>"<p>A) GPS tracking (St. Paul  =  red; St. George  =  blue) during 2008 (<i>n</i> = 34 tracks), 2009 (<i>n</i> = 58) and 2010 (<i>n</i> = 70). B) Number of foraging trips to the basin or shelf habitats made by birds from St. Paul and St. George each year. C): close-ups of first maps showing nearshore (St. Paul) and shelf trips.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "tracks", "chick-rearing", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "pribilof"], "article_id"=>975149, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Foraging_tracks_of_chick_rearing_black_legged_kittiwakes_at_the_Pribilof_Islands_/975149", "title"=>"Foraging tracks of chick-rearing black-legged kittiwakes at the Pribilof Islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436203"], "description"=>"<p>Significant relationships indicated in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "eddy", "kinetic", "prey", "occurrence", "diets", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "nesting", "pribilof", "islands", "year-data"], "article_id"=>975166, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_between_eddy_kinetic_energy_mean_in_July_prey_occurrence_in_diets_and_productivity_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_nesting_at_the_Pribilof_Islands_6_10_year_data_sets_see_Appendix_S1_/975166", "title"=>"Correlations between eddy kinetic energy (mean in July), prey occurrence in diets and productivity of black-legged kittiwakes nesting at the Pribilof Islands (6–10 year-data sets, see Appendix S1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436200"], "description"=>"<p>Statistically significant (<i>P</i> < 0.025 after Bonferroni correction) relationships are shown in bold (see text for post-hoc comparisons).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "paul", "george"], "article_id"=>975163, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linear_mixed_model_of_trip_distance_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_with_colony_St_Paul_8202_8202_STP_St_George_8202_8202_STG_sex_and_year_2008_2009_2010_as_fixed_factors_and_individual_as_a_random_factor_/975163", "title"=>"Linear mixed model of trip distance of black-legged kittiwakes with colony (St. Paul  =  STP; St. George  =  STG), sex and year (2008, 2009, 2010) as fixed factors and individual as a random factor.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436199"], "description"=>"<p>Summary statistics of data-logger deployment and the total number of trips conducted by black-legged kittiwakes at the two Pribilof Islands.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "data-logger", "deployment", "trips", "conducted", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "pribilof"], "article_id"=>975162, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_statistics_of_data_logger_deployment_and_the_total_number_of_trips_conducted_by_black_legged_kittiwakes_at_the_two_Pribilof_Islands_/975162", "title"=>"Summary statistics of data-logger deployment and the total number of trips conducted by black-legged kittiwakes at the two Pribilof Islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436193"], "description"=>"<p>Categorization of prey by domain location (shelf and basin) was based on diet of tracked birds (Fig. 6).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "chick-rearing", "kittiwakes", "george", "samples", "paul", "islands"], "article_id"=>975156, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diet_composition_of_chick_rearing_kittiwakes_from_St_George_n_41_samples_in_2008_n_26_in_2009_n_51_in_2010_and_St_Paul_Islands_n_32_in_2008_n_29_in_2009_n_35_in_2010_/975156", "title"=>"Diet composition of chick-rearing kittiwakes from St. George (<i>n</i> = 41 samples in 2008; <i>n</i> = 26 in 2009; <i>n</i> = 51 in 2010) and St. Paul Islands (<i>n</i> = 32 in 2008; <i>n</i> = 29 in 2009; <i>n</i> = 35 in 2010).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436190"], "description"=>"<p>Examples of individual tracks and foraging locations (circles) overlaid on eddy fields (blue  =  cyclonic eddies, orange  =  anticyclonic; generated using AVISO Products) matched by date (July 23±7 days 2008; July 7±3 days 2010) of data collection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "tracks", "foraging", "locations", "overlaid", "eddy", "fields", "cyclonic", "generated", "AVISO", "matched", "days", "july"], "article_id"=>975153, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_individual_tracks_and_foraging_locations_circles_overlaid_on_eddy_fields_blue_8202_8202_cyclonic_eddies_orange_8202_8202_anticyclonic_generated_using_AVISO_Products_matched_by_date_July_23_177_7_days_2008_July_7_177_3_days_2010_of_data_collec/975153", "title"=>"Examples of individual tracks and foraging locations (circles) overlaid on eddy fields (blue  =  cyclonic eddies, orange  =  anticyclonic; generated using AVISO Products) matched by date (July 23±7 days 2008; July 7±3 days 2010) of data collection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436188"], "description"=>"<p>The rectangle indicates the dark (black), twilight (grey), and daylight (white) periods.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "histograms", "foraging", "locations", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "paul", "george", "islands", "southeastern", "bering"], "article_id"=>975151, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_histograms_of_foraging_locations_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_from_St_Paul_and_St_George_Islands_according_to_time_of_day_and_marine_habitat_shelf_and_basin_of_the_southeastern_Bering_Sea_/975151", "title"=>"Frequency histograms of foraging locations of black-legged kittiwakes from St. Paul and St. George Islands according to time of day and marine habitat (shelf and basin) of the southeastern Bering Sea.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436202"], "description"=>"<p>Statistically significant (<i>P</i> < 0.025 after Bonferroni correction) relationships are shown in bold (see text for post-hoc comparisons).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "paul", "george"], "article_id"=>975165, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linear_mixed_model_of_trip_distance_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_with_colony_St_Paul_8202_8202_STP_St_George_8202_8202_STG_and_habitat_Shelf_and_Basin_as_fixed_factors_and_individual_as_a_random_factor_/975165", "title"=>"Linear mixed model of trip distance of black-legged kittiwakes with colony (St. Paul  =  STP; St. George  =  STG) and habitat (Shelf and Basin) as fixed factors and individual as a random factor.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436187"], "description"=>"<p>Trips to the shelf (A), and to the basin (B). Patterns: red  =  St. Paul; black  =  St. George; Years: 2008 =  dots, 2009  =  crossed lines, 2010  =  diagonal lines.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "feeding", "areas", "contours", "foraging", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "paul", "george", "islands", "trips"], "article_id"=>975150, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Core_feeding_areas_50_contours_of_foraging_locations_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_from_St_Paul_and_St_George_Islands_during_trips_to_marine_habitats_/975150", "title"=>"Core feeding areas (50% contours of foraging locations) of black-legged kittiwakes from St. Paul and St. George Islands during trips to marine habitats.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436198"], "description"=>"<p>Support for expectations shown in parentheses (Y =  yes, N = no, P = partial).</p><p>Stabeno et al. 2012 (1); Hollowed et al. 2012 (2); Satterthwaite et al. 2012 (3); Zainuddin et al. 2006 (4), Drazen et al. 2011 (5); Dell et al. 2011(6); Byrd et al. 2008 (7); Paredes et al. 2012 (8), Hunt 1986 (9).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "affecting", "prey", "southeastern", "bering", "observed", "predators", "responses", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "breeding", "pribilof", "islands", "paul"], "article_id"=>975161, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_factors_affecting_prey_availability_in_the_southeastern_Bering_Sea_shelf_and_basin_observed_effects_on_predators_and_prey_and_expected_responses_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_breeding_at_the_Pribilof_islands_St_Paul_amp_St_George_/975161", "title"=>"Summary of factors affecting prey availability in the southeastern Bering Sea shelf and basin, observed effects on predators and prey, and expected responses of black-legged kittiwakes breeding at the Pribilof islands (St. Paul & St. George).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436197"], "description"=>"<p>Chick-feeding frequency (A), fledging success (B), adult nutritional stress levels (C), and July-mean eddy kinetic energy (D). Decreasing stress levels of St. George birds coincide with the increase in EKE between 2008 and 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "physiological", "black-legged", "kittiwakes", "paul", "george", "eddy", "kinetic", "basin"], "article_id"=>975160, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Breeding_performance_and_physiological_stress_of_black_legged_kittiwakes_at_St_Paul_and_St_George_islands_and_eddy_kinetic_energy_in_the_basin_area_during_2008_10_/975160", "title"=>"Breeding performance and physiological stress of black-legged kittiwakes at St. Paul and St. George islands, and eddy kinetic energy in the basin area during 2008-10.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436195"], "description"=>"<p>Data were collected from mid-July to mid-August in each year over 110 transects of 10 km in length that were randomly placed within 200 km of St. George Island. Map surfaces were generated using minimum curvature interpolation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "biomass", "juvenile", "pollock", "100"], "article_id"=>975158, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Acoustically_measured_biomass_density_g_m_2_of_juvenile_pollock_integrated_from_100_m_to_the_surface_/975158", "title"=>"Acoustically measured biomass density (g/m<sup>2</sup>) of juvenile pollock integrated from 100 m to the surface.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436192"], "description"=>"<p>Percentages are based on the total number of samples (<i>n</i>) of trips to each habitat. “Other fish”: eelpout, rockfish, and gadids; “Crustaceans”: amphipods and euphausiids; “Others”: amphipods and sea nettle. Empty samples from stomach lavages were only found from birds that traveled to the shelf in 2008.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "consumed", "tracked", "kittiwakes", "trips", "basin"], "article_id"=>975155, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prey_species_consumed_by_tracked_kittiwakes_during_trips_to_shelf_and_basin_habitats_/975155", "title"=>"Prey species consumed by tracked kittiwakes during trips to shelf and basin habitats.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1436191"], "description"=>"<p>Frequencies of foraging and random locations according to distance to nearest eddy perimeter (vertical line); negative values indicate locations inside features.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Biochemistry", "hormones", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "ecosystems", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Population biology", "Population Dynamics", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bioindicators", "Conservation science", "foraging", "locations", "nearest", "eddy", "perimeter"], "article_id"=>975154, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Rosana Paredes", "Rachael A. Orben", "Robert M. Suryan", "David B. Irons", "Daniel D. Roby", "Ann M. A. Harding", "Rebecca C. Young", "Kelly Benoit-Bird", "Carol Ladd", "Heather Renner", "Scott Heppell", "Richard A. Phillips", "Alexander Kitaysky"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092520.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequencies_of_foraging_and_random_locations_according_to_distance_to_nearest_eddy_perimeter_vertical_line_negative_values_indicate_locations_inside_features_/975154", "title"=>"Frequencies of foraging and random locations according to distance to nearest eddy perimeter (vertical line); negative values indicate locations inside features.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 03:01:12"}

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