Long-Term Oral Feeding of Lutein-Fortified Milk Increases Voluntary Running Distance in Rats
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{"title"=>"Long-term oral feeding of lutein-fortified milk increases voluntary running distance in rats", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Megumi", "last_name"=>"Matsumoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"55450331900"}, {"first_name"=>"Masahito", "last_name"=>"Hagio", "scopus_author_id"=>"16681937700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryo", "last_name"=>"Inoue", "scopus_author_id"=>"35268959200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomohiro", "last_name"=>"Mitani", "scopus_author_id"=>"9533868000"}, {"first_name"=>"Masako", "last_name"=>"Yajima", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102573406"}, {"first_name"=>"Hiroshi", "last_name"=>"Hara", "scopus_author_id"=>"55618045500"}, {"first_name"=>"Takaji", "last_name"=>"Yajima", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101823384"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899444562", "pmid"=>"24699440", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0093529", "pui"=>"372953080", "sgr"=>"84899444562"}, "id"=>"aad852e1-b16f-33d6-b590-1f12458b5d55", "abstract"=>"To evaluate the effects of lutein-fortified milk administration on running exercise, a voluntary wheel-running model was performed in rats. Four-week-old F344 rats were administered test milk (10 mL/kg) daily following a 4-h fasting period, and their running distances were measured each day for a 9-week period. Total weekly running distance significantly increased from the sixth week until the end of the test period in lutein-supplemented rats (lutein-fortified milk administered) compared with control rats (vehicle administered). This increase was not apparent in rats administered lutein alone. In the lutein-fortified-milk exercise group compared with the sedentary control group, carnitine palitroyltransferase 1 (CPT-1), total AMP-activated protein kinase (tAMPK), and phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (pAMPK) contents were significantly increased in the gastrocnemius muscle, with a concomitant decrease in triglyceride and total cholesterol levels in the blood and liver. Furthermore, the lutein level in blood of lutein-administered rats significantly decreased with exercise. These results suggest that lutein-fortified milk may enhance the effect of exercise by effective utilization of lipids when combined with voluntary running.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/longterm-oral-feeding-luteinfortified-milk-increases-voluntary-running-distance-rats", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1449179"], "description"=>"<p>Cell lysates were resolved by SDS-PAGE and probed for (A) CPT-1, (B) total-AMPK, and (C) phosphorylated-AMPK antibodies as described in the Methods. CPT-1, total-AMPK, and phosphorylated-AMPK levels were normalized by β-actin and are expressed as relative values normalized to the sedentary control. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (<i>n = </i>6). Statistical analyses were performed using one-way and three-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs). A <i>p</i>-value <0.05 by the Tukey–Kramer test among the eight groups was deemed to indicate statistical significance. Different letters indicate significant differences among the eight groups according to exercise condition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Musculoskeletal system", "muscles", "Biochemistry", "lipids", "nutrition", "Nutritional deficiencies", "Micronutrient deficiencies", "organisms", "animals", "vertebrates", "mammals", "rodents", "rats", "physiology", "Muscle physiology", "Muscle biochemistry", "Physiological parameters", "Body weight", "obesity", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "lipid-metabolizing", "enzymes", "gastrocnemius"], "article_id"=>986504, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Megumi Matsumoto", "Masahito Hagio", "Ryo Inoue", "Tomohiro Mitani", "Masako Yajima", "Hiroshi Hara", "Takaji Yajima"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093529.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Protein_expression_of_lipid_metabolizing_enzymes_in_the_gastrocnemius_muscle_following_exercise_and_oral_feeding_/986504", "title"=>"Protein expression of lipid-metabolizing enzymes in the gastrocnemius muscle following exercise and oral feeding.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-03 03:45:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1449180"], "description"=>"<p>Concentrations of TG and T-CHO in fasting blood and liver in response to exercise and oral feeding treatment at days 60 and 63, respectively. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (<i>n = </i>6). Statistical analyses were performed using one-way and three-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs). A <i>p</i>-value <0.05 among the eight groups by the Tukey–Kramer test was deemed to indicate statistical significance. Different letters indicate significant differences among the eight groups according to exercise condition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Musculoskeletal system", "muscles", "Biochemistry", "lipids", "nutrition", "Nutritional deficiencies", "Micronutrient deficiencies", "organisms", "animals", "vertebrates", "mammals", "rodents", "rats", "physiology", "Muscle physiology", "Muscle biochemistry", "Physiological parameters", "Body weight", "obesity", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "triglyceride"], "article_id"=>986505, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Megumi Matsumoto", "Masahito Hagio", "Ryo Inoue", "Tomohiro Mitani", "Masako Yajima", "Hiroshi Hara", "Takaji Yajima"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093529.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Concentrations_of_triglyceride_TG_and_total_cholesterol_T_CHO_in_blood_and_liver_/986505", "title"=>"Concentrations of triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (T-CHO) in blood and liver.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-03 03:45:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1449181"], "description"=>"<p>The concentrations of serum lutein and β-carotene in response to exercise and oral feeding at day 63. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (<i>n = </i>6). Statistical analyses were performed using one-way and three-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs). A <i>p</i>-value <0.05 among the eight groups by the Tukey–Kramer test was deemed to indicate statistical significance. Different letters indicate significant differences among the eight groups according to exercise condition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Musculoskeletal system", "muscles", "Biochemistry", "lipids", "nutrition", "Nutritional deficiencies", "Micronutrient deficiencies", "organisms", "animals", "vertebrates", "mammals", "rodents", "rats", "physiology", "Muscle physiology", "Muscle biochemistry", "Physiological parameters", "Body weight", "obesity", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "lutein"], "article_id"=>986506, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Megumi Matsumoto", "Masahito Hagio", "Ryo Inoue", "Tomohiro Mitani", "Masako Yajima", "Hiroshi Hara", "Takaji Yajima"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093529.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Serum_lutein_and_946_carotene_concentrations_/986506", "title"=>"Serum lutein and β-carotene concentrations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-03 03:45:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1449182"], "description"=>"<p>Weights of total abdominal fat and the gastrocnemius muscle following exercise and oral feeding treatment at day 63 from the start of the test period are shown. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (<i>n = </i>6). Statistical analyses were performed with one-way and three-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs). A <i>p</i>-value <0.05 among the eight groups by the Tukey–Kramer test was deemed to indicate statistical significance. Values with different letters were significantly different among the eight groups according to exercise condition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Musculoskeletal system", "muscles", "Biochemistry", "lipids", "nutrition", "Nutritional deficiencies", "Micronutrient deficiencies", "organisms", "animals", "vertebrates", "mammals", "rodents", "rats", "physiology", "Muscle physiology", "Muscle biochemistry", "Physiological parameters", "Body weight", "obesity", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Model organisms", "Animal models", "abdominal", "gastrocnemius"], "article_id"=>986507, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Megumi Matsumoto", "Masahito Hagio", "Ryo Inoue", "Tomohiro Mitani", "Masako Yajima", "Hiroshi Hara", "Takaji Yajima"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093529.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Final_body_weight_total_food_intake_abdominal_fat_and_gastrocnemius_weight_/986507", "title"=>"Final body weight, total food intake, abdominal fat, and gastrocnemius weight.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-03 03:45:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1449178"], "description"=>"<p>Changes in the total running distances per week during the test period. Rats in each group were administrated 10/kg orally of each test emulsion prior to onset of the dark period of the light/dark cycle. Running distances were measured during the dark period between 17∶00 and 5∶00 h daily. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (<i>n = </i>6). Statistical analyses were performed using a one-way analysis of variance. A <i>p</i>-value <0.05 by the Tukey–Kramer test among the eight groups was deemed to indicate statistical significance. Values with different letters show significant differences among groups at each time point.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Musculoskeletal system", "muscles", "Biochemistry", "lipids", "nutrition", "Nutritional deficiencies", "Micronutrient deficiencies", "organisms", "animals", "vertebrates", "mammals", "rodents", "rats", "physiology", "Muscle physiology", "Muscle biochemistry", "Physiological parameters", "Body weight", "obesity", "Sports and exercise medicine", "Model organisms", "Animal models"], "article_id"=>986503, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Megumi Matsumoto", "Masahito Hagio", "Ryo Inoue", "Tomohiro Mitani", "Masako Yajima", "Hiroshi Hara", "Takaji Yajima"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093529.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Running_distances_/986503", "title"=>"Running distances.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-03 03:45:34"}

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