The Human Semicircular Canals Orientation Is More Similar to the Bonobos than to the Chimpanzees
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{"title"=>"The human semicircular canals orientation is more similar to the bonobos than to the chimpanzees", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marwan", "last_name"=>"El Khoury", "scopus_author_id"=>"56131778700"}, {"first_name"=>"José", "last_name"=>"Braga", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004881640"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean", "last_name"=>"Dumoncel", "scopus_author_id"=>"55840120800"}, {"first_name"=>"Javotte", "last_name"=>"Nancy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602871949"}, {"first_name"=>"Remi", "last_name"=>"Esclassan", "scopus_author_id"=>"23099624100"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederic", "last_name"=>"Vaysse", "scopus_author_id"=>"24833886400"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"372955900", "sgr"=>"84899427322", "pmid"=>"24710502", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899427322", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0093824", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"65f529ae-4a00-39de-a140-1500e0e20356", "abstract"=>"For some traits, the human genome is more closely related to either the bonobo or the chimpanzee genome than they are to each other. Therefore, it becomes crucial to understand whether and how morphostructural differences between humans, chimpanzees and bonobos reflect the well known phylogeny. Here we comparatively investigated intra and extra labyrinthine semicircular canals orientation using 260 computed tomography scans of extant humans (Homo sapiens), bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Humans and bonobos proved more similarities between themselves than with chimpanzees. This finding did not fit with the well established chimpanzee - bonobo monophyly. One hypothesis was convergent evolution in which bonobos and humans produce independently similar phenotypes possibly in response to similar selective pressures that may be associated with postural adaptations. Another possibility was convergence following a \"random walk\" (Brownian motion) evolutionary model. A more parsimonious explanation was that the bonobo-human labyrinthine shared morphology more closely retained the ancestral condition with chimpanzees being subsequently derived. Finally, these results might be a consequence of genetic diversity and incomplete lineage sorting. The remarkable symmetry of the Semicircular Canals was the second major finding of this article with possible applications in taphonomy. It has the potential to investigate altered fossils, inferring the probability of post-mortem deformation which can lead to difficulties in understanding taxonomic variation, phylogenetic relationships, and functional morphology.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/human-semicircular-canals-orientation-more-similar-bonobos-chimpanzees", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452874"], "description"=>"<p>(a) MSP/ASCC angles. (b) Orientation of LSCC with MSP and HP (c) MSP/PSCC angles (d) ASCC/LSCC angles (e) ASCC/PSCC angles (f) LSCC/PSCC angles.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology"], "article_id"=>989414, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SCC_angle_representations_/989414", "title"=>"SCC angle representations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452877"], "description"=>"<p>Humans (•) and bonobos (▴) were very closed to each other and distant from chimpanzees (<b>+</b>). The ellipses graphically represent the scatter plots encompassing approximately 67% of the subjects. The bgPCA showed a strait overlap of humans with bonobos and a weaker overlap of the latter two species with the chimpanzees.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "angular"], "article_id"=>989417, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>53, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Between_group_principal_component_analysis_bgPCA_of_the_angular_measurements_/989417", "title"=>"Between group principal component analysis (bgPCA) of the angular measurements.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452885"], "description"=>"<p>MicroCT-based rendering of the left bony labyrinth superior aspect in: <i>Homo sapiens</i> (red, on the left), <i>Pan paniscus</i> (green, in the middle) and <i>Pan troglodytes</i> (blue, on the right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "rendering", "bony", "labyrinth"], "article_id"=>989426, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MicroCT_based_rendering_of_the_left_bony_labyrinth_superior_aspect_in_Homo_sapiens_red_on_the_left_Pan_paniscus_green_in_the_middle_and_Pan_troglodytes_blue_on_the_right_/989426", "title"=>"MicroCT-based rendering of the left bony labyrinth superior aspect in: <i>Homo sapiens</i> (red, on the left), <i>Pan paniscus</i> (green, in the middle) and <i>Pan troglodytes</i> (blue, on the right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452893"], "description"=>"<p>MicroCT-based rendering of the left bony labyrinth lateral aspect in: <i>Homo sapiens</i> (red, on the left), <i>Pan paniscus</i> (green, in the middle) and <i>Pan troglodytes</i> (blue, on the right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "rendering", "bony", "labyrinth", "lateral"], "article_id"=>989433, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_MicroCT_based_rendering_of_the_left_bony_labyrinth_lateral_aspect_in_Homo_sapiens_red_on_the_left_Pan_paniscus_green_in_the_middle_and_Pan_troglodytes_blue_on_the_right_/989433", "title"=>"MicroCT-based rendering of the left bony labyrinth lateral aspect in: <i>Homo sapiens</i> (red, on the left), <i>Pan paniscus</i> (green, in the middle) and <i>Pan troglodytes</i> (blue, on the right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452894"], "description"=>"<p>Angles measurements and angles comparisons between species showing subtle differences between humans and bonobos and marked differences with chimpanzees (NS  =  not significant, H =  humans, B =  Bonobos, C = Chimpanzees). Anterior, posterior and lateral SCC were referred to as ASCC, PSCC and LSCC. (*) parametric tests were used since angular measurements showed normal distribution. (**) non parametric tests were used since angular measurements did not show normal distribution; however parametric tests results were consistent with those of non parametric tests. All angles in degrees.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "comparisons", "scc", "chimpanzees"], "article_id"=>989434, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_comparisons_of_the_SCC_orientation_between_humans_chimpanzees_and_bonobos_/989434", "title"=>"Statistical comparisons of the SCC orientation between humans, chimpanzees and bonobos.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452895"], "description"=>"<p>Anterior, posterior and lateral SCCs (semicircular canals) were noted respectively ASCC, PSCC and LSCC. Landmarks of <b>Type I</b> were well defined locally; their homology from individual to another was strongly supported. <b>Type II</b> landmarks was corresponding to points which position was first defined locally using specific structures but it was also depending on less specific factors such as the maximum or minimum of a curve. When using type II landmarks the individual to individual homology was only supported geometrically, to calculate plane coordinates for example.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "landmarks"], "article_id"=>989435, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Definition_of_the_landmarks_used_in_the_present_study_/989435", "title"=>"Definition of the landmarks used in the present study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452896"], "description"=>"<p>Anterior, posterior and lateral SCC (semicircular canals) were noted respectively ASCC, PSCC and LSCC.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "planes"], "article_id"=>989436, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Definition_of_the_reference_planes_used_in_the_study_/989436", "title"=>"Definition of the reference planes used in the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452898"], "description"=>"<p>Number of individuals according to Age classes <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824#pone.0093824-Bradshaw1\" target=\"_blank\">[30]</a> and species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology"], "article_id"=>989438, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_the_sample_/989438", "title"=>"Description of the sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452899", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452900", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1452901"], "description"=>"<div><p>For some traits, the human genome is more closely related to either the bonobo or the chimpanzee genome than they are to each other. Therefore, it becomes crucial to understand whether and how morphostructural differences between humans, chimpanzees and bonobos reflect the well known phylogeny. Here we comparatively investigated intra and extra labyrinthine semicircular canals orientation using 260 computed tomography scans of extant humans (<i>Homo sapiens</i>), bonobos (<i>Pan paniscus</i>) and chimpanzees (<i>Pan troglodytes</i>). Humans and bonobos proved more similarities between themselves than with chimpanzees. This finding did not fit with the well established chimpanzee – bonobo monophyly. One hypothesis was convergent evolution in which bonobos and humans produce independently similar phenotypes possibly in response to similar selective pressures that may be associated with postural adaptations. Another possibility was convergence following a “random walk” (Brownian motion) evolutionary model. A more parsimonious explanation was that the bonobo-human labyrinthine shared morphology more closely retained the ancestral condition with chimpanzees being subsequently derived. Finally, these results might be a consequence of genetic diversity and incomplete lineage sorting. The remarkable symmetry of the Semicircular Canals was the second major finding of this article with possible applications in taphonomy. It has the potential to investigate altered fossils, inferring the probability of post-mortem deformation which can lead to difficulties in understanding taxonomic variation, phylogenetic relationships, and functional morphology.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "Comparative anatomy", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Convergent evolution", "Organismal evolution", "Human evolution", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "taphonomy", "Physical anthropology", "anthropology", "semicircular", "canals", "bonobos"], "article_id"=>989439, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marwan El Khoury", "José Braga", "Jean Dumoncel", "Javotte Nancy", "Remi Esclassan", "Frederic Vaysse"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093824.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>74, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Human_Semicircular_Canals_Orientation_Is_More_Similar_to_the_Bonobos_than_to_the_Chimpanzees_/989439", "title"=>"The Human Semicircular Canals Orientation Is More Similar to the Bonobos than to the Chimpanzees", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-04-07 03:22:32"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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