The Last Frontier: Catch Records of White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in the Northwest Pacific Ocean
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The last frontier: Catch records of white sharks (carcharodon carcharias) in the northwest pacific ocean", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Heather M.", "last_name"=>"Christiansen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56025739800"}, {"first_name"=>"Victor", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56146667500"}, {"first_name"=>"Sho", "last_name"=>"Tanaka", "scopus_author_id"=>"15731964800"}, {"first_name"=>"Anatoly", "last_name"=>"Velikanov", "scopus_author_id"=>"19934645600"}, {"first_name"=>"Henry F.", "last_name"=>"Mollet", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602104515"}, {"first_name"=>"Sabine P.", "last_name"=>"Wintner", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602834373"}, {"first_name"=>"Sonja V.", "last_name"=>"Fordham", "scopus_author_id"=>"8679207200"}, {"first_name"=>"Aaron T.", "last_name"=>"Fisk", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006248240"}, {"first_name"=>"Nigel E.", "last_name"=>"Hussey", "scopus_author_id"=>"26655541500"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24740299", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0094407", "sgr"=>"84899709199", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899709199", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372999159"}, "id"=>"a141aab5-3b38-33a5-b7c2-7df12495b430", "abstract"=>"White sharks are highly migratory apex predators, globally distributed in temperate, sub-tropical, and tropical waters. Knowledge of white shark biology and ecology has increased recently based on research at known aggregation sites in the Indian, Atlantic, and Northeast Pacific Oceans; however, few data are available for the Northwest Pacific Ocean. This study provides a meta-analysis of 240 observations of white sharks from the Northwest Pacific Ocean between 1951 and 2012. Records comprise reports of bycatch in commercial fisheries, media accounts, personal communications, and documentation of shark-human interactions from Russia (n = 8), Republic of Korea (22), Japan (129), China (32), Taiwan (45), Philippines (1) and Vietnam (3). Observations occurred in all months, excluding October-January in the north (Russia and Republic of Korea) and July-August in the south (China, Taiwan, Philippines, and Vietnam). Population trend analysis indicated that the relative abundance of white sharks in the region has remained relatively stable, but parameterization of a 75% increase in observer effort found evidence of a minor decline since 2002. Reliably measured sharks ranged from 126-602 cm total length (TL) and 16-2530 kg total weight. The largest shark in this study (602 cm TL) represents the largest measured shark on record worldwide. For all countries combined the sex ratio was non-significantly biased towards females (1∶1.1; n = 113). Of 60 females examined, 11 were confirmed pregnant ranging from the beginning stages of pregnancy (egg cases) to near term (140 cm TL embryos). On average, 6.0±2.2 embryos were found per litter (maximum of 10) and gestation period was estimated to be 20 months. These observations confirm that white sharks are present in the Northwest Pacific Ocean year-round. While acknowledging the difficulties of studying little known populations of a naturally low abundance species, these results highlight the need for dedicated research to inform regional conservation and management planning.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/last-frontier-catch-records-white-sharks-carcharodon-carcharias-northwest-pacific-ocean", "reader_count"=>50, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467167"], "description"=>"<p>Color legend for country of observation occurrence applies to entire figure. A) Approximate location of observation or landing for individual white sharks. Circles on land indicate observations that only reported country of landing. Annual average sea surface temperature is indicated by color gradient. B) Percentage of white shark observations by country landed. C) Size of white shark observed by country landed (top two panels) and as a percent of all observations (bottom panel). Note–the Philippines observations did not have an associated animal size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography"], "article_id"=>1001534, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographical_extent_and_size_distribution_of_white_shark_observations_/1001534", "title"=>"Geographical extent and size distribution of white shark observations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467186"], "description"=>"<p>A) Republic of Korea (blue bars) and Russia (black bars) B) Japan (gray bars) C) China (yellow bars), Taiwan (light blue bars), Vietnam (dark blue bars), and the Philippines (orange bars), D) All observations combined. Winter and summer months are shaded gray.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography"], "article_id"=>1001545, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_White_shark_observation_by_month_and_latitude_/1001545", "title"=>"White shark observation by month and latitude.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467180"], "description"=>"<p>Data are shown as a percentage; Media Report - from newspapers or online news sources; Photo - confirmed by pictures of the individual shark (either through personal communications or online but not through news source); Preserved - individuals or remains of an individual, i.e. jaws that are held in a personal or museum collection; Scientific Confirmation - observations that have been previously reported in the scientific literature; Author Observations - personal observations or communications by the authors.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "confirming"], "article_id"=>1001543, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Method_of_confirming_white_shark_observations_/1001543", "title"=>"Method of confirming white shark observations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467198"], "description"=>"<p>A) Pregnant female captured on November 7, 2008 in Southern Bay Dock, East Taiwan, measuring 542 cm total length and weighing 1930 kg B) Ovary C) Egg cases measuring 10 cm. Photos obtained from: <a href=\"http://tw.m.wretch.yahoo.com/album/redo0905/12\" target=\"_blank\">http://tw.m.wretch.yahoo.com/album/redo0905/12</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography"], "article_id"=>1001557, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pregnant_white_shark_/1001557", "title"=>"Pregnant white shark.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467179"], "description"=>"<p>A) White shark observations by year. Black circles indicate data included in population trend analysis. Gray circles indicate data from focused monitoring in Japan that was excluded prior to undertaking the analysis. B) Estimates of changes in relative abundance for any reference year between 1951–2011 under different assumptions of trends in observation effort.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography"], "article_id"=>1001542, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_trend_analysis_/1001542", "title"=>"Population trend analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467175"], "description"=>"<p>A) Male captured on February 17, 2009 in Taitung, Taiwan measuring 500 cm total length and weighing 1020 kg. Photo obtained from: <a href=\"http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jw!duL4dwaTBB7FYwm6Q0vtIm8d/gallery?cfid=144&act=&fid=144&nfid=&yuid=jw!duL4dwaTBB7FYwm6Q0vtIm8d&page=1&.crumb=8mdZj9IAdn6\" target=\"_blank\">http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jw!duL4dwaTBB7FYwm6Q0vtIm8d/gallery?cfid=144&act=&fid=144&nfid=&yuid=jw!duL4dwaTBB7FYwm6Q0vtIm8d&page=1&.crumb=8mdZj9IAdn6</a> B) Male captured on July 19, 2007 in Aniva Bay Sakhalin, Russia measuring 504 cm total length and weighing 1111 kg.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography"], "article_id"=>1001538, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Male_white_shark_/1001538", "title"=>"Male white shark.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467192"], "description"=>"<p>The occurrence of male, female and pregnant female white sharks in the Northwest Pacific. Circles on land underneath country label indicate observations that did not report a specific landing location. For pregnant females, black squares indicate early term, black triangles indicate mid term and black circles indicate full term for individuals where embryo size was reported.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "observations"], "article_id"=>1001551, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_of_white_shark_observations_by_sex_/1001551", "title"=>"Location of white shark observations by sex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467166"], "description"=>"<p>Known global white shark aggregation sites. Question marks indicate suitable latitudinal ranges where white sharks may occur, but little is known about current population trends.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "hotspots"], "article_id"=>1001533, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_hotspots_of_white_sharks_/1001533", "title"=>"Global hotspots of white sharks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467205", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467206", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467207"], "description"=>"<div><p>White sharks are highly migratory apex predators, globally distributed in temperate, sub-tropical, and tropical waters. Knowledge of white shark biology and ecology has increased recently based on research at known aggregation sites in the Indian, Atlantic, and Northeast Pacific Oceans; however, few data are available for the Northwest Pacific Ocean. This study provides a meta-analysis of 240 observations of white sharks from the Northwest Pacific Ocean between 1951 and 2012. Records comprise reports of bycatch in commercial fisheries, media accounts, personal communications, and documentation of shark-human interactions from Russia (n = 8), Republic of Korea (22), Japan (129), China (32), Taiwan (45), Philippines (1) and Vietnam (3). Observations occurred in all months, excluding October-January in the north (Russia and Republic of Korea) and July-August in the south (China, Taiwan, Philippines, and Vietnam). Population trend analysis indicated that the relative abundance of white sharks in the region has remained relatively stable, but parameterization of a 75% increase in observer effort found evidence of a minor decline since 2002. Reliably measured sharks ranged from 126–602 cm total length (TL) and 16–2530 kg total weight. The largest shark in this study (602 cm TL) represents the largest measured shark on record worldwide. For all countries combined the sex ratio was non-significantly biased towards females (1∶1.1; n = 113). Of 60 females examined, 11 were confirmed pregnant ranging from the beginning stages of pregnancy (egg cases) to near term (140 cm TL embryos). On average, 6.0±2.2 embryos were found per litter (maximum of 10) and gestation period was estimated to be 20 months. These observations confirm that white sharks are present in the Northwest Pacific Ocean year-round. While acknowledging the difficulties of studying little known populations of a naturally low abundance species, these results highlight the need for dedicated research to inform regional conservation and management planning.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "records", "sharks", "pacific"], "article_id"=>1001564, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Last_Frontier_Catch_Records_of_White_Sharks_Carcharodon_carcharias_in_the_Northwest_Pacific_Ocean/1001564", "title"=>"The Last Frontier: Catch Records of White Sharks (<i>Carcharodon carcharias</i>) in the Northwest Pacific Ocean", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467202"], "description"=>"<p>*These RFMOs have adopted finning bans (based on a 5% fin to carcass ratio limit). Members are obligated to adopt domestic regulations in line with RFMO measures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "agreements", "countries", "pacific"], "article_id"=>1001561, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participation_in_International_Agreements_for_Countries_in_the_Northwest_Pacific_Ocean_/1001561", "title"=>"Participation in International Agreements for Countries in the Northwest Pacific Ocean.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467187"], "description"=>"<p>Regressions were fit to white shark data for the Northwest Pacific (black circles/line), global data recorded by trained scientists (orange circles/line) and all data combined (dashed black line). Pregnant females from the Northwest Pacific (black stars) were not included in the analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "regressions", "sharks"], "article_id"=>1001546, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Length_weight_regressions_for_white_sharks_by_region_/1001546", "title"=>"Length-weight regressions for white sharks by region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467200"], "description"=>"<p>Data are for white shark observations in this study and globally. Month zero is January in Northern Hemisphere and July in Southern Hemisphere. For unborn animals, black circles indicate embryos from this study (Northwest Pacific; n = 9); orange circles indicate embryos from the Northern Hemisphere (n = 4), while gray circles indicate embryos from the Southern Hemisphere (n = 5). For free-swimming juvenile sharks, orange triangles indicate individuals from the Northern Hemisphere (n = 18), and gray triangles indicate individuals from the Southern Hemisphere (n = 17). The solid black line indicates the linear regression for embryos from this study, while the dashed black lines indicate the confidence intervals. The red dashed line indicates size at birth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "embryos", "free-swimming", "juveniles"], "article_id"=>1001559, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Month_of_observation_and_size_of_white_shark_embryos_and_free_swimming_juveniles_worldwide_/1001559", "title"=>"Month of observation and size of white shark embryos and free-swimming juveniles worldwide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1467201"], "description"=>"<p>p.c.- personal communication.</p><p>*Francis 1996 suggests incorrect measurements or not TL.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Population ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "Population biology", "Population metrics", "Zoology", "Fish biology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Biological oceanography", "sharks", "pacific"], "article_id"=>1001560, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Heather M. Christiansen", "Victor Lin", "Sho Tanaka", "Anatoly Velikanov", "Henry F. Mollet", "Sabine P. Wintner", "Sonja V. Fordham", "Aaron T. Fisk", "Nigel E. Hussey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094407.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_pregnant_white_sharks_in_the_Northwest_Pacific_Ocean_and_Worldwide_/1001560", "title"=>"Description of pregnant white sharks in the Northwest Pacific Ocean and Worldwide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-16 03:40:21"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Agriculture", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}]}
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