Insect Leaf-Chewing Damage Tracks Herbivore Richness in Modern and Ancient Forests
Publication Date
May 02, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Mónica R. Carvalho, Peter Wilf, Héctor Barrios, Donald M. Windsor, et al
Volume
9
Issue
5
Pages
e94950
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094950
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0094950
Scopus
84900393250
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/insect-leafchewing-damage-tracks-herbivore-richness-modern-ancient-forests
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Insect leaf-chewing damage tracks herbivore richness in modern and ancient forests", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mónica R.", "last_name"=>"Carvalho", "scopus_author_id"=>"55104427300"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Wilf", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603804806"}, {"first_name"=>"Héctor", "last_name"=>"Barrios", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003856425"}, {"first_name"=>"Donald M.", "last_name"=>"Windsor", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006520651"}, {"first_name"=>"Ellen D.", "last_name"=>"Currano", "scopus_author_id"=>"23984269000"}, {"first_name"=>"Conrad C.", "last_name"=>"Labandeira", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701788435"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlos A.", "last_name"=>"Jaramillo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005412166"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900393250", "sgr"=>"84900393250", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0094950", "pmid"=>"24788720", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"373072305"}, "id"=>"06e51234-aa99-327b-9780-6fd7cfc3857e", "abstract"=>"The fossil record demonstrates that past climate changes and extinctions significantly affected the diversity of insect leaf-feeding damage, implying that the richness of damage types reflects that of the unsampled damage makers, and that the two are correlated through time. However, this relationship has not been quantified for living leaf-chewing insects, whose richness and mouthpart convergence have obscured their value for understanding past and present herbivore diversity. We hypothesized that the correlation of leaf-chewing damage types (DTs) and damage maker richness is directly observable in living forests. Using canopy access cranes at two lowland tropical rainforest sites in Panamá to survey 24 host-plant species, we found significant correlations between the numbers of leaf chewing insect species collected and the numbers of DTs observed to be made by the same species in feeding experiments, strongly supporting our hypothesis. Damage type richness was largely driven by insect species that make multiple DTs. Also, the rank-order abundances of DTs recorded at the Panamá sites and across a set of latest Cretaceous to middle Eocene fossil floras were highly correlated, indicating remarkable consistency of feeding-mode distributions through time. Most fossil and modern host-plant pairs displayed high similarity indices for their leaf-chewing DTs, but informative differences and trends in fossil damage composition became apparent when endophytic damage was included. Our results greatly expand the potential of insect-mediated leaf damage for interpreting insect herbivore richness and compositional heterogeneity from fossil floras and, equally promisingly, in living forests.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/insect-leafchewing-damage-tracks-herbivore-richness-modern-ancient-forests", "reader_count"=>60, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>14, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>14, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>40}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>2, "China"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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