Marine Litter Distribution and Density in European Seas, from the Shelves to Deep Basins
Publication Date
April 30, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Christopher K. Pham, Eva Ramirez Llodra, Claudia H. S. Alt, Teresa Amaro, et al
Volume
9
Issue
4
Pages
e95839
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0095839
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24788771
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005782
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/24788771
Web of Science
000338917300019
Scopus
84899743940
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/marine-litter-distribution-density-european-seas-shelves-deep-basins
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christopher K.", "last_name"=>"Pham", "scopus_author_id"=>"26656061500"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva", "last_name"=>"Ramirez-Llodra", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506434915"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudia H.S.", "last_name"=>"Alt", "scopus_author_id"=>"55242295700"}, {"first_name"=>"Teresa", "last_name"=>"Amaro", "scopus_author_id"=>"8603227300"}, {"first_name"=>"Melanie", "last_name"=>"Bergmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202017093"}, {"first_name"=>"Miquel", "last_name"=>"Canals", "scopus_author_id"=>"35474716800"}, {"first_name"=>"Joan B.", "last_name"=>"Company", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603686046"}, {"first_name"=>"Jaime", "last_name"=>"Davies", "scopus_author_id"=>"55471982900"}, {"first_name"=>"Gerard", "last_name"=>"Duineveld", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701890914"}, {"first_name"=>"François", "last_name"=>"Galgani", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004182890"}, {"first_name"=>"Kerry L.", "last_name"=>"Howell", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103232325"}, {"first_name"=>"Veerle A.I.", "last_name"=>"Huvenne", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506689257"}, {"first_name"=>"Eduardo", "last_name"=>"Isidro", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801398862"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel O.B.", "last_name"=>"Jones", "scopus_author_id"=>"56134408700"}, {"first_name"=>"Galderic", "last_name"=>"Lastras", "scopus_author_id"=>"56007485200"}, {"first_name"=>"Telmo", "last_name"=>"Morato", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604092292"}, {"first_name"=>"José Nuno", "last_name"=>"Gomes-Pereira", "scopus_author_id"=>"24775673100"}, {"first_name"=>"Autun", "last_name"=>"Purser", "scopus_author_id"=>"35303629300"}, {"first_name"=>"Heather", "last_name"=>"Stewart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202198274"}, {"first_name"=>"Inês", "last_name"=>"Tojeira", "scopus_author_id"=>"52364867900"}, {"first_name"=>"Xavier", "last_name"=>"Tubau", "scopus_author_id"=>"26038847800"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Van Rooij", "scopus_author_id"=>"7801390229"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul A.", "last_name"=>"Tyler", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102921991"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899743940", "sgr"=>"84899743940", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24788771", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0095839", "pui"=>"373008297"}, "id"=>"d80c6a89-1d40-3804-a554-93e0ae38e289", "abstract"=>"Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets) was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/marine-litter-distribution-density-european-seas-shelves-deep-basins", "reader_count"=>340, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>16, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>82, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>58, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Other"=>13, "Student > Master"=>74, "Student > Bachelor"=>47, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>16, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>82, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>58, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Other"=>13, "Student > Master"=>74, "Student > Bachelor"=>47, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>31, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>152, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>6, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>43, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>7, "Environmental Science"=>86, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>31}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>86}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>7}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>6}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>43}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>152}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Romania"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Malaysia"=>1, "Portugal"=>2, "Spain"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "Belgium"=>3, "Norway"=>1, "Ireland"=>1, "Denmark"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "Mexico"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Chile"=>2, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Croatia"=>1}, "group_count"=>28}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477783"], "description"=>"<p>A-B.B  =  Algero-Balearic Basin (W. Med.), A.S  =  Anton Dohrn Seamount, B.C  =  Blanes Canyon (NW Med.), C.C  =  Cascais Canyon, C.S  =  Condor Seamount, Calabrian Slope & Basin  =  C.S&B, Crete-Rhodes Ridge  =  C.R.R, D&E.C  =  Dangeard & Explorer Canyons, D.M  =  Darwin Mounds, G.L.C  =  Gulf of Lion canyons (NW Med.), G.L  =  Gulf of Lion, G.C  =  Guilvinec Canyon, H.B  =  Hatton Bank, H.IV  =  HAUSGARTEN, station IV, J.S =  Josephine Seamount, L.C =  Lisbon Canyon, N.C  =  Nazaré Canyon, N.C-G  =  North Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone, N-E.F.C  =  North-East Faroe-Shetland Channel, N.F.C  =  North Faroe-Shetland Channel, N.W =  Norwegian margin, P.D.M  =  Pen Duick Alpha/Beta Mound, R.B  =  Rockall Bank, Ros.B  =  Rosemary Bank, S.C  =  Setúbal Canyon, S.C-G  =  South Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone, W.C  =  Whittard Canyon, W.M.S  =  Western Mediterranean slope, W-T.R  =  Wyville-Thomson Ridge.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "sites", "sampled", "imaging", "manned", "towed"], "article_id"=>1009997, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Locations_of_the_study_sites_sampled_with_imaging_technology_ROVs_manned_submersible_towed_camera_systems_and_trawling_/1009997", "title"=>"Locations of the study sites sampled with imaging technology (ROVs, manned submersible, towed camera systems) and trawling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477787"], "description"=>"<p>A  =  Plastic bag entrapped by a small drop stone harbouring sponges (<i>Cladorhiza gelida</i>, <i>Caulophacus arcticus</i>), shrimps (<i>Bythocaris</i> sp.) and a crinoid (<i>Bathycrinus carpenterii</i>) recorded by an OFOS at the HAUSGARTEN observatory (Arctic) at 2500 m; B  =  Litter recovered within the net of a trawl in Blanes open slope at 1500 m during the PROMETO V cruise on board the R/V “García del Cid”; C  =  “Heineken” beer can in the upper Whittard canyon at 950 m water depth with the ROV Genesis; D  =  Plastic bag in Blanes Canyon at 896 m with the ROV “Liropus”; E  =  “Uncle Benn's Express Rice” packet at 967 m in Darwin Mound with the ROV “Lynx” (National Oceanography Centre, UK); F  =  Cargo net entangled in a cold-water coral colony at 950 m in Darwin Mound with the ROV “Lynx” (National Oceanography Centre, UK).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "items", "seafloor", "european"], "article_id"=>1010001, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_items_on_the_seafloor_of_European_waters_/1010001", "title"=>"Litter items on the seafloor of European waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477791"], "description"=>"<p>Litter densities (number of items ha<sup>−1</sup>) in different locations across European waters obtained with ROVs, towed camera systems, manned submersible and trawls.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "densities", "items", "locations", "european", "waters", "towed", "manned", "submersible"], "article_id"=>1010005, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_densities_number_of_items_ha_8722_1_in_different_locations_across_European_waters_obtained_with_ROVs_towed_camera_systems_manned_submersible_and_trawls_/1010005", "title"=>"Litter densities (number of items ha<sup>−1</sup>) in different locations across European waters obtained with ROVs, towed camera systems, manned submersible and trawls.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477792"], "description"=>"<p><i>x</i> axis is in a Log<sub>10</sub> scale. A.S  =  Anton Dohrn Seamount, B.C  =  Blanes Canyon (NW Med.), C.C  =  Cascais Canyon, C.S  =  Condor Seamount, D&E.C  =  Dangeard & Explorer Canyons, D.M  =  Darwin Mounds, G.L.C  =  Gulf of Lion canyons (NW Med.), G.L  =  Gulf of Lion, G.C  =  Guilvinec Canyon, H.B  =  Hatton Bank, H.IV  =  HAUSGARTEN, station IV, J.S =  Josephine Seamount, L.C =  Lisbon Canyon, N.C  =  Nazaré Canyon, N.C-G  =  North Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone, N-E.F.C  =  North-East Faroe-Shetland Channel, N.F.C  =  North Faroe-Shetland Channel, N.W =  Norwegian margin, P.D.M  =  Pen Duick Alpha/Beta Mound, R.B  =  Rockall Bank, Ros.B  =  Rosemary Bank, S.C  =  Setúbal Canyon, S.C-G  =  South Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone, W.C  =  Whittard Canyon, W-T.R  =  Wyville-Thomson Ridge.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "densities", "items", "locations", "european", "waters", "distances"], "article_id"=>1010006, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_densities_number_of_items_ha_8722_1_in_different_locations_across_European_waters_according_to_their_closest_distances_from_land_/1010006", "title"=>"Litter densities (number of items ha<sup>−1</sup>) in different locations across European waters according to their closest distances from land.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477794"], "description"=>"<p>Litter densities (kg ha<sup>−1</sup>) in different locations across the Mediterranean Sea obtained from trawl surveys.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "densities", "locations", "mediterranean", "trawl"], "article_id"=>1010008, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_densities_kg_ha_8722_1_in_different_locations_across_the_Mediterranean_Sea_obtained_from_trawl_surveys_/1010008", "title"=>"Litter densities (kg ha<sup>−1</sup>) in different locations across the Mediterranean Sea obtained from trawl surveys.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477796"], "description"=>"<p>Mean litter density (± standard error) in A  =  number of items ha<sup>−1</sup> and B  =  in kg of items ha<sup>−1</sup>, across different physiographic settings in European waters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "litter", "items", "kg", "physiographic", "settings", "european"], "article_id"=>1010010, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_litter_density_standard_error_in_A__number_of_items_ha_8722_1_and_B_8202_8202_in_kg_of_items_ha_8722_1_across_different_physiographic_settings_in_European_waters_/1010010", "title"=>"Mean litter density (± standard error) in A  =  number of items ha<sup>−1</sup> and B  =  in kg of items ha<sup>−1</sup>, across different physiographic settings in European waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477798"], "description"=>"<p>Litter composition in different physiographic settings across European waters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "physiographic", "settings", "european"], "article_id"=>1010012, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_composition_in_different_physiographic_settings_across_European_waters_/1010012", "title"=>"Litter composition in different physiographic settings across European waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477799"], "description"=>"<p>Further technical information about each platform can be found in the indicated references.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "photographs", "litter", "densities", "seafloor", "european"], "article_id"=>1010013, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Information_on_each_platform_used_to_collect_video_and_photographs_for_the_collection_of_data_on_litter_densities_and_distribution_on_the_seafloor_of_European_waters_/1010013", "title"=>"Information on each platform used to collect video and photographs for the collection of data on litter densities and distribution on the seafloor of European waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477800"], "description"=>"<p>*Numbers in parentheses refer to trawl surveys.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "litter", "locations", "seafloor", "european"], "article_id"=>1010014, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Composition_of_litter_in_different_locations_on_the_seafloor_of_European_waters_/1010014", "title"=>"Composition of litter (%) in different locations on the seafloor of European waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477801"], "description"=>"<p>*Numbers in parentheses refer to trawl surveys. ROV =  remotely operated vehicle; TC  =  towed camera system; TRAWL  =  Otter Trawl or Maireta System; SUB  =  manned submersible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "methods", "litter", "densities", "items", "kg"], "article_id"=>1010015, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_locations_date_and_methods_for_the_collection_of_data_on_litter_along_with_litter_densities_mean_number_of_items_ha_8722_1_and_kg_ha_8722_1_177_standard_errors_/1010015", "title"=>"Sampling locations, date and methods for the collection of data on litter along with litter densities (mean number of items ha<sup>−1</sup> and kg ha<sup>−1</sup> ± standard errors).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477802", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1477804"], "description"=>"<div><p>Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets) was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "Marine monitoring", "marine and aquatic sciences", "oceanography", "Conservation science", "Environmental protection", "Environmental engineering", "pollution", "litter", "european", "shelves"], "article_id"=>1010016, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christopher K. Pham", "Eva Ramirez-Llodra", "Claudia H. S. Alt", "Teresa Amaro", "Melanie Bergmann", "Miquel Canals", "Joan B. Company", "Jaime Davies", "Gerard Duineveld", "François Galgani", "Kerry L. Howell", "Veerle A. I. Huvenne", "Eduardo Isidro", "Daniel O. B. Jones", "Galderic Lastras", "Telmo Morato", "José Nuno Gomes-Pereira", "Autun Purser", "Heather Stewart", "Inês Tojeira", "Xavier Tubau", "David Van Rooij", "Paul A. Tyler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095839.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Marine_Litter_Distribution_and_Density_in_European_Seas_from_the_Shelves_to_Deep_Basins_/1010016", "title"=>"Marine Litter Distribution and Density in European Seas, from the Shelves to Deep Basins", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-04-30 02:58:18"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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