Measuring the Speed of Aging across Population Subgroups
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{"title"=>"Measuring the speed of aging across population subgroups", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Warren C.", "last_name"=>"Sanderson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005322893"}, {"first_name"=>"Sergei", "last_name"=>"Scherbov", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602118817"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84900561899", "pmid"=>"24806337", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900561899", "pui"=>"373094144", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0096289"}, "id"=>"e627fec6-3ce1-3b17-98e8-94772cd693af", "abstract"=>"People in different subgroups age at different rates. Surveys containing biomarkers can be used to assess these subgroup differences. We illustrate this using hand-grip strength to produce an easily interpretable, physical-based measure that allows us to compare characteristic-based ages across educational subgroups in the United States. Hand-grip strength has been shown to be a good predictor of future mortality and morbidity, and therefore a useful indicator of population aging. Data from the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) were used. Two education subgroups were distinguished, those with less than a high school diploma and those with more education. Regressions on hand-grip strength were run for each sex and race using age and education, their interactions and other covariates as independent variables. Ages of identical mean hand-grip strength across education groups were compared for people in the age range 60 to 80. The hand-grip strength of 65 year old white males with less education was the equivalent to that of 69.6 (68.2, 70.9) year old white men with more education, indicating that the more educated men had aged more slowly. This is a constant characteristic age, as defined in the Sanderson and Scherbov article \"The characteristics approach to the measurement of population aging\" published 2013 in Population and Development Review. Sixty-five year old white females with less education had the same average hand-grip strength as 69.4 (68.2, 70.7) year old white women with more education. African-American women at ages 60 and 65 with more education also aged more slowly than their less educated counterparts. African American men with more education aged at about the same rate as those with less education. This paper expands the toolkit of those interested in population aging by showing how survey data can be used to measure the differential extent of aging across subpopulations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/measuring-speed-aging-across-population-subgroups", "reader_count"=>37, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>9, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>9}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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