Human Infants' Preference for Left-to-Right Oriented Increasing Numerical Sequences
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{"title"=>"Human infants' preference for left-to-right oriented increasing numerical sequences", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Maria Dolores", "last_name"=>"De Hevia", "scopus_author_id"=>"24390610600"}, {"first_name"=>"Luisa", "last_name"=>"Girelli", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003662043"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret", "last_name"=>"Addabbo", "scopus_author_id"=>"55681018500"}, {"first_name"=>"Viola Macchi", "last_name"=>"Cassia", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192265125"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900436292", "pui"=>"373074674", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0096412", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24802083", "sgr"=>"84900436292"}, "id"=>"6d894bd3-42e0-3a07-8844-491d2cd61e86", "abstract"=>"While associations between number and space, in the form of a spatially oriented numerical representation, have been extensively reported in human adults, the origins of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. The commonly accepted view is that this number-space association is a product of human invention, with accounts proposing that culture, symbolic knowledge, and mathematics education are at the roots of this phenomenon. Here we show that preverbal infants aged 7 months, who lack symbolic knowledge and mathematics education, show a preference for increasing magnitude displayed in a left-to-right spatial orientation. Infants habituated to left-to-right oriented increasing or decreasing numerical sequences showed an overall higher looking time to new left-to-right oriented increasing numerical sequences at test (Experiment 1). This pattern did not hold when infants were presented with the same ordinal numerical information displayed from right to left (Experiment 2). The different pattern of results was congruent with the presence of a malleable, context-dependent baseline preference for increasing, left-to-right oriented, numerosities (Experiment 3). These findings are suggestive of an early predisposition in humans to link numerical order with a left-to-right spatial orientation, which precedes the acquisition of symbolic abilities, mathematics education, and the acquisition of reading and writing skills.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/human-infants-preference-lefttoright-oriented-increasing-numerical-sequences", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Psychology"=>28, "Computer Science"=>1, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>28}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1486197"], "description"=>"<p>Infants are presented with two blocks of trials presenting either increasing or decreasing numerical sequences, all left-to-right oriented.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "cognitive science", "Cognitive psychology", "psychology", "Developmental psychology", "stimuli"], "article_id"=>1017395, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Maria Dolores de Hevia", "Luisa Girelli", "Margaret Addabbo", "Viola Macchi Cassia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096412.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_stimuli_used_in_Experiment_3_/1017395", "title"=>"Examples of stimuli used in Experiment 3.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-06 02:43:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1486198"], "description"=>"<p>Mean looking times and s.e. (seconds) to increasing and decreasing numerical sequences presented along a left-to-right orientation, for infants presented with the increasing block first and for infants presented with the decreasing block first.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neuroscience", "cognitive science", "Cognitive psychology", "psychology", "Developmental psychology", "times"], "article_id"=>1017396, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Maria Dolores de Hevia", "Luisa Girelli", "Margaret Addabbo", "Viola Macchi Cassia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096412.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Looking_times_in_Experiment_3_/1017396", "title"=>"Looking times in Experiment 3.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-06 02:43:28"}

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