A Novel Investigation of a Blister-Like Syndrome in Aquarium Echinopora lamellosa
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{"title"=>"A novel investigation of a blister-like syndrome in aquarium Echinopora lamellosa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"55722939900"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Leary", "scopus_author_id"=>"55656227200"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Bendall", "scopus_author_id"=>"54951922600"}, {"first_name"=>"Edmund", "last_name"=>"Flach", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196783105"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel", "last_name"=>"Jones", "scopus_author_id"=>"7501547612"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Sweet", "scopus_author_id"=>"36538145300"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84901309285", "pui"=>"373159179", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0097018", "sgr"=>"84901309285", "pmid"=>"24827734"}, "id"=>"0374a97e-669b-3736-97a4-7ab34e5ecd35", "abstract"=>"This study investigates potential causes of a novel blister-like syndrome in the plating coral Echinopora lamellosa. Visual inspections of this novel coral syndrome showed no obvious signs of macroparasites and the blisters themselves manifested as fluid-filled sacs on the surface of the coral, which rose from the coenosarc between the coral polyps. Histological analysis of the blisters showed that there was no associated necrosis with the epidermal or gastrodermal tissues. The only difference between blistered areas and apparently healthy tissues was the presence of proliferated growth (possible mucosal cell hyperplasia) directly at the blister interface (area between where the edge of the blister joined apparently healthy tissue). No bacterial aggregates were identified in any histological samples, nor any sign of tissue necrosis identified. We conclude, that the blister formations are not apparently caused by a specific microbial infection, but instead may be the result of irritation following growth anomalies of the epidermis. However, future work should be conducted to search for other potential casual agents, including viruses.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/novel-investigation-blisterlike-syndrome-aquarium-echinopora-lamellosa", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>2, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1497356"], "description"=>"<p>A) and d) Survey sections stained with toluidine blue. B) and e) Sections stained with acridine orange for the detection of bacteria, as visualised by red fluorescence. In this case, red fluorescence is attributed to autofluorescence of host nuclei (e.g. mucocyte nuclei). C) and f) Nigrosin staining, targeting necrotic tissues. Block arrow indicates epithelium separated from underlying tissue, revealing a cleft (represented by the asterisk). Dashed arrow highlights growth from a centralised area. Scale bars = 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "histology", "Marine biology", "corals", "Veterinary science", "Animal types", "Aquatic animals", "Veterinary pathology", "Zoology", "Animal physiology", "sections", "anomalies", "blister-affected", "samples", "embedded", "lr"], "article_id"=>1026488, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["David Smith", "Peter Leary", "Mark Bendall", "Edmund Flach", "Rachel Jones", "Michael Sweet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097018.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Histological_sections_of_growth_anomalies_GA_only_identified_in_blister_affected_samples_embedded_in_LR_white_resin_/1026488", "title"=>"Histological sections of growth anomalies (GA) only identified in blister-affected samples embedded in LR white resin.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-14 02:51:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1497341"], "description"=>"<p>Scale bars = 1 cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "histology", "Marine biology", "corals", "Veterinary science", "Animal types", "Aquatic animals", "Veterinary pathology", "Zoology", "Animal physiology", "zsl", "fragments", "exhibiting", "blisters", "coral"], "article_id"=>1026473, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["David Smith", "Peter Leary", "Mark Bendall", "Edmund Flach", "Rachel Jones", "Michael Sweet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097018.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photographs_provided_by_the_ZSL_of_Echinopora_lamellosa_fragments_exhibiting_blisters_on_the_coral_surface_highlighted_by_the_arrows_/1026473", "title"=>"Photographs provided by the ZSL of <i>Echinopora lamellosa</i> fragments exhibiting blisters on the coral surface (highlighted by the arrows).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-14 02:51:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1497350"], "description"=>"<p>Blister sections were taken at the blister-affected interface. A) and d) Survey sections stained with toluidine blue (E = epidermis, G = gastrodermis and Me = mesoglea). B) and e) Sections stained with acridine orange for the detection of bacteria, as visualised by red fluorescence. In this case, red fluorescence is attributed to autofluorescence of symbiotic algae nuclei and coral mucus (Mu). C) and f) Nigrosin staining, targeting necrotic tissues. Scale bars = 10 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "histology", "Marine biology", "corals", "Veterinary science", "Animal types", "Aquatic animals", "Veterinary pathology", "Zoology", "Animal physiology", "histological", "sections", "blister-affected", "tissues", "embedded", "lr"], "article_id"=>1026482, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["David Smith", "Peter Leary", "Mark Bendall", "Edmund Flach", "Rachel Jones", "Michael Sweet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097018.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Representative_histological_sections_from_healthy_a_b_and_c_and_blister_affected_d_e_and_f_Echinopora_lamellosa_tissues_embedded_in_LR_white_resin_/1026482", "title"=>"Representative histological sections from healthy (a, b and c) and blister-affected (d, e and f) <i>Echinopora lamellosa</i> tissues embedded in LR white resin.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-14 02:51:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1497357"], "description"=>"<div><p>This study investigates potential causes of a novel blister-like syndrome in the plating coral <i>Echinopora lamellosa.</i> Visual inspections of this novel coral syndrome showed no obvious signs of macroparasites and the blisters themselves manifested as fluid-filled sacs on the surface of the coral, which rose from the coenosarc between the coral polyps. Histological analysis of the blisters showed that there was no associated necrosis with the epidermal or gastrodermal tissues. The only difference between blistered areas and apparently healthy tissues was the presence of proliferated growth (possible mucosal cell hyperplasia) directly at the blister interface (area between where the edge of the blister joined apparently healthy tissue). No bacterial aggregates were identified in any histological samples, nor any sign of tissue necrosis identified. We conclude, that the blister formations are not apparently caused by a specific microbial infection, but instead may be the result of irritation following growth anomalies of the epidermis. However, future work should be conducted to search for other potential casual agents, including viruses.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anatomy", "histology", "Marine biology", "corals", "Veterinary science", "Animal types", "Aquatic animals", "Veterinary pathology", "Zoology", "Animal physiology", "blister-like", "aquarium"], "article_id"=>1026489, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["David Smith", "Peter Leary", "Mark Bendall", "Edmund Flach", "Rachel Jones", "Michael Sweet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097018", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Novel_Investigation_of_a_Blister_Like_Syndrome_in_Aquarium_Echinopora_lamellosa_/1026489", "title"=>"A Novel Investigation of a Blister-Like Syndrome in Aquarium <i>Echinopora lamellosa</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-14 02:51:33"}

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