Dietary Specialization during the Evolution of Western Eurasian Hominoids and the Extinction of European Great Apes
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{"title"=>"Dietary specialization during the evolution of Western Eurasian hominoids and the extinction of European great apes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"DeMiguel", "scopus_author_id"=>"16686393400"}, {"first_name"=>"David M.", "last_name"=>"Alba", "scopus_author_id"=>"56248806600"}, {"first_name"=>"Salvador", "last_name"=>"Moyà-Solà", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603807578"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84901323083", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0097442", "pui"=>"373161021", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24848272", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84901323083"}, "id"=>"3dc54691-395d-3167-b983-528ba06af44c", "abstract"=>"Given the central adaptive role of diet, paleodietary inference is essential for understanding the relationship between evolutionary and paleoenvironmental change. Here we rely on dental microwear analysis to investigate the role of dietary specialization in the diversification and extinction of Miocene hominoids from Western Eurasian between 14 and 7 Ma. New microwear results for five extinct taxa are analyzed together with previous data for other Western Eurasian genera. Except Pierolapithecus (that resembles hard-object feeders) and Oreopithecus (a soft-frugivore probably foraging opportunistically on other foods), most of the extinct taxa lack clear extant dietary analogues. They display some degee of sclerocarpy, which is most clearly expressed in Griphopithecus and Ouranopithecus (adapted to more open and arid environments), whereas Anoiapithecus, Dryopithecus and, especially, Hispanopithecus species apparently relied more strongly on soft-frugivory. Thus, contrasting with the prevailing sclerocarpic condition at the beginning of the Eurasian hominoid radiation, soft- and mixed-frugivory coexisted with hard-object feeding in the Late Miocene. Therefore, despite a climatic trend towards cooling and increased seasonality, a progressive dietary diversification would have occurred (probably due to competitive exclusion and increased environmental heterogeneity), although strict folivory did not evolve. Overall, our analyses support the view that the same dietary specializations that enabled Western Eurasian hominoids to face progressive climatic deterioration were the main factor ultimately leading to their extinction when more drastic paleoenvironmental changes took place.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dietary-specialization-during-evolution-western-eurasian-hominoids-extinction-european-great-apes-1", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>6, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506511"], "description"=>"<p>Square showing the location of the hominoid-bearing localities that have delivered dental remains studied in this paper, with emphasis on those from the Vallès-Penedès Basin (NE Spain).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "geological"], "article_id"=>1033615, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_geological_map_/1033615", "title"=>"Schematic geological map.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506512"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Striation breadth and (<b>B</b>) pit breadth vs. pitting incidence based on species/locality means (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone-0097442-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>). Fossil taxa abbreviations: <i>Ab</i>, <i>Anoiapithecus brevirostris</i>; <i>Df</i>, <i>Dryopithecus fontani</i>; <i>Ga</i>, <i>Griphopithecus alpani</i>; <i>Hc</i>, <i>Hispanopithecus crusafonti</i>; <i>Hh</i>, <i>Hispanopithecus hungaricus</i>; <i>Hl</i>, <i>Hispanopithecus laietanus</i>; <i>Ob</i>, <i>Oreopithecus bambolii</i>; <i>Om</i>, <i>Ouranopithecus macedoniensis</i>; <i>Pc</i>, <i>Pierolapithecus catalaunicus</i>. Different symbols are employed to distinguish each species. For species from multiple localities, only average values are shown (see individual values in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a>). The results derived in this study are depicted in red, whereas those taken from previous studies are shown in yellow. The polygons showing the variability of extant dietary categories are depicted in blue (folivores), green (mixed feeders/frugivores) and magenta (hard-object feeders).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "microwear", "breadth", "pitting"], "article_id"=>1033616, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bivariate_plots_of_microwear_feature_breadth_vs_pitting_incidence_/1033616", "title"=>"Bivariate plots of microwear feature breadth vs. pitting incidence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506515"], "description"=>"<p>For species from multiple localities, only average values are shown (see individual values in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S2</a>). Symbols and colors as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone-0097442-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "dental", "microwear"], "article_id"=>1033619, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cluster_analysis_based_on_dental_microwear_features_/1033619", "title"=>"Cluster analysis based on dental microwear features.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506521"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Results based on mean/species locality data and (<b>B</b>) on individuals. Colored ellipses denote the morphospace defined by each extant group, black symbols extant taxa (group centroids by larger symbols). Symbols and colors in a as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone-0097442-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>, whereas in B symbols and colors are different to show variability within fossil species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "cva", "extant", "dietary", "categories", "microwear"], "article_id"=>1033625, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_CVA_based_on_three_extant_dietary_categories_and_microwear_variables_/1033625", "title"=>"Results of the CVA based on three extant dietary categories and microwear variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506522"], "description"=>"<p>See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone-0097442-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for locality abbreviations, and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442.s004\" target=\"_blank\">Tables S2</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442.s005\" target=\"_blank\">S3</a> for further information of the discriminant analyses.</p>1<p>No individual data available; based on the average value (N = 18) reported in ref. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442-King1\" target=\"_blank\">[12]</a>.</p>2<p>Individual data taken from ref. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442-Ungar2\" target=\"_blank\">[10]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "dietary", "classification", "fossil", "individuals", "studied", "discriminant", "microwear"], "article_id"=>1033626, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_results_for_dietary_classification_predicted_group_of_the_fossil_individuals_studied_in_this_paper_according_to_the_discriminant_analysis_based_on_microwear_features_/1033626", "title"=>"Summary results for dietary classification (predicted group) of the fossil individuals studied in this paper according to the discriminant analysis based on microwear features.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506523"], "description"=>"<p>Pit and scratch breadths reported in µm. Estimated ages taken from ref. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone.0097442-CasanovasVilar1\" target=\"_blank\">[3]</a>.</p><p>Abbreviations: IPS, collections of the Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont; M, upper molar (followed by tooth position); m, lower molar (followed by tooth position); MGSB, Museu de Geologia del Seminari Conciliar de Barcelona; R, right; L, left. See locality abbreviations in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442#pone-0097442-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "microwear"], "article_id"=>1033627, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_microwear_analysis_for_all_the_analyzed_specimens_/1033627", "title"=>"Results of the microwear analysis for all the analyzed specimens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506524"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: D<sup>2</sup>, Squared Mahalanobis distance; FOL, folivores; FRU, frugivores/mixed-feeders; HOF, hard-object feeders; p, classification probability.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "discriminant"], "article_id"=>1033628, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_discriminant_analysis_per_taxon_locality_and_for_species_average_values_/1033628", "title"=>"Results of the discriminant analysis per taxon/locality and for species average values.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506525"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: N, sample size; SD, standard deviation.</p><p>Locality abbreviations: ACM, Abocador de Can Mata; BCV1, Barranc de Can Vila 1; C1, Cell 1; C3, Cell 3; CLL1, Can Llobateres 1; CP1, Can Poncic 1; TF, Teuleria del Firal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "microwear"], "article_id"=>1033629, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_results_of_the_microwear_analysis_/1033629", "title"=>"Summary results of the microwear analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506534", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506536", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506537", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506538", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506539", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1506540"], "description"=>"<div><p>Given the central adaptive role of diet, paleodietary inference is essential for understanding the relationship between evolutionary and paleoenvironmental change. Here we rely on dental microwear analysis to investigate the role of dietary specialization in the diversification and extinction of Miocene hominoids from Western Eurasian between 14 and 7 Ma. New microwear results for five extinct taxa are analyzed together with previous data for other Western Eurasian genera. Except <i>Pierolapithecus</i> (that resembles hard-object feeders) and <i>Oreopithecus</i> (a soft-frugivore probably foraging opportunistically on other foods), most of the extinct taxa lack clear extant dietary analogues. They display some degee of sclerocarpy, which is most clearly expressed in <i>Griphopithecus</i> and <i>Ouranopithecus</i> (adapted to more open and arid environments), whereas <i>Anoiapithecus</i>, <i>Dryopithecus</i> and, especially, <i>Hispanopithecus</i> species apparently relied more strongly on soft-frugivory. Thus, contrasting with the prevailing sclerocarpic condition at the beginning of the Eurasian hominoid radiation, soft- and mixed-frugivory coexisted with hard-object feeding in the Late Miocene. Therefore, despite a climatic trend towards cooling and increased seasonality, a progressive dietary diversification would have occurred (probably due to competitive exclusion and increased environmental heterogeneity), although strict folivory did not evolve. Overall, our analyses support the view that the same dietary specializations that enabled Western Eurasian hominoids to face progressive climatic deterioration were the main factor ultimately leading to their extinction when more drastic paleoenvironmental changes took place.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Evolutionary biology", "Paleontology", "paleobiology", "Paleozoology", "Vertebrate paleontology", "Paleoanthropology", "specialization", "eurasian", "hominoids", "extinction", "european"], "article_id"=>1033639, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daniel DeMiguel", "David M. Alba", "Salvador Moyà-Solà"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097442.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dietary_Specialization_during_the_Evolution_of_Western_Eurasian_Hominoids_and_the_Extinction_of_European_Great_Apes_/1033639", "title"=>"Dietary Specialization during the Evolution of Western Eurasian Hominoids and the Extinction of European Great Apes", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-05-21 03:49:39"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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