The Phytotoxin Coronatine Induces Abscission-Related Gene Expression and Boll Ripening during Defoliation of Cotton
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{"title"=>"The phytotoxin coronatine induces abscission-related gene expression and boll ripening during defoliation of cotton", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mingwei", "last_name"=>"Du", "scopus_author_id"=>"55391612300"}, {"first_name"=>"Yi", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192526359"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiaoli", "last_name"=>"Tian", "scopus_author_id"=>"25724769400"}, {"first_name"=>"Liusheng", "last_name"=>"Duan", "scopus_author_id"=>"14071203200"}, {"first_name"=>"Mingcai", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"9939797500"}, {"first_name"=>"Weiming", "last_name"=>"Tan", "scopus_author_id"=>"23971840200"}, {"first_name"=>"Dongyong", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198944757"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhaohu", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"55637887200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84901306467", "sgr"=>"84901306467", "pui"=>"373160818", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0097652"}, "id"=>"33d1f6c4-706f-387f-ae7c-170c101f54fc", "abstract"=>"Defoliants can increase machine harvest efficiency of cotton (Gossypium hirusutum L.), prevent lodging and reduce the time from defoliation to harvest. Coronatine (COR) is a chlorosis-inducing non-host-specific phytotoxin that induces leaf and/or fruit abscission in some crops. The present study investigates how COR might induce cotton leaf abscission by modulating genes involved in cell wall hydrolases and ACC (ethylene precursor) in various cotton tissues. The effects of COR on cotton boll ripening, seedcotton yield, and seed development were also studied. After 14 d of treatment with COR, cells within the leaf abscission zone (AZ) showed marked differentiation. Elevated transcripts of GhCEL1, GhPG and GhACS were observed in the AZs treated with COR and Thidiazuron (TDZ). The relative expression of GhCEL1 and GhACS in TDZ treated plants was approximately twice that in plants treated with COR for 12 h. However, only GhACS expression increased in leaf blade and petiole. There was a continuous increase in the activity of hydrolytic enzymes such as cellulase (CEL) and polygalacturonase (PG), and ACC accumulation in AZs following COR and TDZ treatments, but there was greater increase in ACC activity of COR tr eated boll crust, indicating that COR had greater ripening effect than TDZ. Coronatine significantly enhanced boll opening without affecting boll weight, lint percentage and seed quality. Therefore, COR can be a potential cotton defoliant with different physiological mechanism of action from the currently used TDZ. © 2014 Du et al.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/phytotoxin-coronatine-induces-abscissionrelated-gene-expression-boll-ripening-during-defoliation-cot", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1504381"], "description"=>"<p>L: leaf; P: petiole; AZ: leaf abscission zone. Each value represents the mean ± SE of three replicates. Bars with the same letters are not significantly different.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "Fiber crops", "cotton", "Agricultural biotechnology", "Agronomy", "az", "treated", "thidiazuron", "coronatine", "signalling", "pathways", "tissues", "12", "hours"], "article_id"=>1031988, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Mingwei Du", "Yi Li", "Xiaoli Tian", "Liusheng Duan", "Mingcai Zhang", "Weiming Tan", "Dongyong Xu", "Zhaohu Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097652.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_changes_in_the_relative_expression_of_GhCEL1_GhPG_and_GhACS_in_AZ_treated_with_water_Control_thidiazuron_TDZ_and_coronatine_COR_and_signalling_pathways_in_various_cotton_tissues_at_12_hours_after_treatment_/1031988", "title"=>"Temporal changes in the relative expression of <i>GhCEL1</i>, <i>GhPG</i> and <i>GhACS</i> in AZ treated with water (Control), thidiazuron (TDZ) and coronatine (COR), and signalling pathways in various cotton tissues at 12 hours after treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-20 03:05:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1504375"], "description"=>"<p>Each value represents the mean ± SE of three replicates. Bars with the same letters are not significantly different.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "Fiber crops", "cotton", "Agricultural biotechnology", "Agronomy", "abscission", "adjacent", "cells", "treated", "thidiazuron", "coronatine", "glasshouse"], "article_id"=>1031985, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Mingwei Du", "Yi Li", "Xiaoli Tian", "Liusheng Duan", "Mingcai Zhang", "Weiming Tan", "Dongyong Xu", "Zhaohu Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097652.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_break_strength_in_abscission_zone_and_adjacent_cells_treated_with_water_Control_thidiazuron_TDZ_and_coronatine_COR_under_glasshouse_A_and_field_B_C_conditions_/1031985", "title"=>"Changes in break strength in abscission zone and adjacent cells treated with water (Control), thidiazuron (TDZ) and coronatine (COR) under glasshouse (A) and field (B, C) conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-20 03:05:06"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1504374"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b> and <b>D</b> are micrographs of 14 d distilled water treated materials, <b>B</b>, <b>C</b> and <b>E</b> are micrographs of 14 d COR treated materials. <i>s</i>: stem, <i>v</i>: vascular bundles, <i>c</i>: cortex, <i>p</i>: petiole, AZ: leaf abscission zone. <i>Bar</i>: <b>A</b> 1 mm; <b>B</b> 400 µm; <b>C</b> 100 µm; <b>D</b>, <b>E</b> 500 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "Fiber crops", "cotton", "Agricultural biotechnology", "Agronomy", "electron", "micrograph", "cells", "petiole", "abscission", "fracture"], "article_id"=>1031984, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Mingwei Du", "Yi Li", "Xiaoli Tian", "Liusheng Duan", "Mingcai Zhang", "Weiming Tan", "Dongyong Xu", "Zhaohu Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097652.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scanning_electron_micrograph_of_cells_at_the_petiole_and_stem_juncture_abscission_zone_A_B_C_and_fracture_plane_D_E_of_the_cotton_leaf_abscission_zone_/1031984", "title"=>"Scanning electron micrograph of cells at the petiole and stem juncture, abscission zone (A, B, C), and fracture plane (D, E) of the cotton leaf abscission zone.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-20 03:05:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1504385"], "description"=>"<p>Different tissues from Control, TDZ or COR treated plants for 5: leaf; P: petiole; AZ: leaf abscission zone; B: boll crust. Each value represents the mean ± SE of three replicates. Bars with the same letters are not significantly different.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "crops", "Fiber crops", "cotton", "Agricultural biotechnology", "Agronomy", "cellulase", "polygalacturonase", "acc", "az", "treated", "thidiazuron", "coronatine"], "article_id"=>1031992, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Mingwei Du", "Yi Li", "Xiaoli Tian", "Liusheng Duan", "Mingcai Zhang", "Weiming Tan", "Dongyong Xu", "Zhaohu Li"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097652.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_changes_in_the_activity_of_cellulase_CEL_polygalacturonase_PG_and_ACC_in_AZ_treated_with_water_Control_thidiazuron_TDZ_and_coronatine_COR_/1031992", "title"=>"Temporal changes in the activity of cellulase (CEL), polygalacturonase (PG) and ACC in AZ treated with water (Control), thidiazuron (TDZ) and coronatine (COR).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-05-20 03:05:06"}

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