The Nature of Impulsivity: Visual Exposure to Natural Environments Decreases Impulsive Decision-Making in a Delay Discounting Task
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{"title"=>"The nature of impulsivity: Visual exposure to natural environments decreases impulsive decision-making in a delay discounting task", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Meredith S.", "last_name"=>"Berry", "scopus_author_id"=>"40260941800"}, {"first_name"=>"Mary M.", "last_name"=>"Sweeney", "scopus_author_id"=>"49962331500"}, {"first_name"=>"Justice", "last_name"=>"Morath", "scopus_author_id"=>"55520130000"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy L.", "last_name"=>"Odum", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701502298"}, {"first_name"=>"Kerry E.", "last_name"=>"Jordan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57104513600"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84901340114", "pmid"=>"24841421", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0097915", "pui"=>"373153389", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84901340114"}, "id"=>"ff50a465-8f8a-36cd-bedd-7031505aaf21", "abstract"=>"The benefits of visual exposure to natural environments for human well-being in areas of stress reduction, mood improvement, and attention restoration are well documented, but the effects of natural environments on impulsive decision-making remain unknown. Impulsive decision-making in delay discounting offers generality, predictive validity, and insight into decision-making related to unhealthy behaviors. The present experiment evaluated differences in such decision-making in humans experiencing visual exposure to one of the following conditions: natural (e.g., mountains), built (e.g., buildings), or control (e.g., triangles) using a delay discounting task that required participants to choose between immediate and delayed hypothetical monetary outcomes. Participants viewed the images before and during the delay discounting task. Participants were less impulsive in the condition providing visual exposure to natural scenes compared to built and geometric scenes. Results suggest that exposure to natural environments results in decreased impulsive decision-making relative to built environments.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/nature-impulsivity-visual-exposure-natural-environments-decreases-impulsive-decisionmaking-delay-dis", "reader_count"=>83, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>24, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>39, "Social Sciences"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>39}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>3, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>10}

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