Bromeliad Selection by Two Salamander Species in a Harsh Environment
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{"title"=>"Bromeliad selection by two salamander species in a harsh environment", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gustavo", "last_name"=>"Ruano-Fajardo", "scopus_author_id"=>"56205421800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sean M.", "last_name"=>"Rovito", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506799742"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard J.", "last_name"=>"Ladle", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602999130"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84902436926", "pui"=>"373323846", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0098474", "sgr"=>"84902436926", "pmid"=>"24892414"}, "id"=>"2bf8a35a-d344-363a-b7b1-37b798cee0e2", "abstract"=>"Bromeliad phytotelmata are frequently used by several Neotropical amphibian taxa, possibly due to their high humidity, microclimatic stability, and role as a refuge from predators. Indeed, the ability of phytotelmata to buffer against adverse environmental conditions may be instrumental in allowing some amphibian species to survive during periods of environmental change or to colonize sub-optimal habitats. Association between bromeliad traits and salamanders has not been studied at a fine scale, despite the intimate association of many salamander species with bromeliads. Here, we identify microhabitat characteristics of epiphytic bromeliads used by two species of the Bolitoglossa morio group (B. morio and B. pacaya) in forest disturbed by volcanic activity in Guatemala. Specifically, we measured multiple variables for bromeliads (height and position in tree, phytotelma water temperature and pH, canopy cover, phytotelma size, leaf size, and tree diameter at breast height), as well as salamander size. We employed a DNA barcoding approach to identify salamanders. We found that B. morio and B. pacaya occurred in microsympatry in bromeliads and that phytotelmata size and temperature of bromeliad microhabitat were the most important factors associated with the presence of salamanders. Moreover, phytotelmata with higher pH contained larger salamanders, suggesting that larger salamanders or aggregated individuals might modify pH. These results show that bromeliad selection is nonrandom with respect to microhabitat characteristics, and provide insight into the relationship between salamanders and this unique arboreal environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/bromeliad-selection-two-salamander-species-harsh-environment", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519301"], "description"=>"<p>Map of the Pacaya volcanic complex and sampled localities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "pacaya", "volcanic", "sampled"], "article_id"=>1044708, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_Pacaya_volcanic_complex_and_sampled_localities_/1044708", "title"=>"Map of the Pacaya volcanic complex and sampled localities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519302"], "description"=>"<p>Grey circle = <i>B. morio</i>, black circle = <i>B pacaya</i> and black diamond = unidentified (juveniles with no tissue available). Height above ground = Height, ambient temperature = T<sub>A</sub>, microhabitat temperature = T<sub>M</sub>, Tank size diameter = width, size along the second leaf of the bromeliad = Length.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "pc2", "pc1", "variables", "describing"], "article_id"=>1044709, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biplot_of_PC2_vs_PC1_from_variables_describing_bromeliads_/1044709", "title"=>"Biplot of PC2 vs PC1 from variables describing bromeliads.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519303"], "description"=>"<p>The vertical axis is labelled on the probability scale, and a 95-percent pointwise confidence interval is drawn around the estimated effect. A) All salamanders B) <i>B. morio</i> and C) <i>B. pacaya</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "bromeliad", "width", "logit"], "article_id"=>1044710, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interaction_of_bromeliad_width_cm_and_temperature_176_C_in_the_logit_model_fit_to_presence_data_/1044710", "title"=>"Interaction of bromeliad width (cm) and temperature (°C) in the logit model fit to presence data.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519304"], "description"=>"<p>The horizontal axis is labeled as bromeliad temperature (°C) and pH. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals are draw around the estimated effect.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "bromeliads", "variables", "svl"], "article_id"=>1044711, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interaction_of_bromeliads_variables_in_the_model_fit_to_the_SVL_mm_of_B_morio_/1044711", "title"=>"Interaction of bromeliads variables in the model fit to the SVL (mm) of <i>B. morio</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519305"], "description"=>"<p>Variables significant at the α = 0.05 level are indicated with an asterisk (*).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "regression", "svl", "salamanders"], "article_id"=>1044712, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_regression_for_SVL_of_Bolitoglossa_morio_salamanders_in_bromeliads_/1044712", "title"=>"Multiple regression for SVL of <i>Bolitoglossa morio</i> salamanders in bromeliads.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519306"], "description"=>"<p>*Significance level (P<0.05) for Kruskal-Wallis (KW) test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "bromeliads", "sampling"], "article_id"=>1044713, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variables_of_bromeliads_from_three_sampling_sites_/1044713", "title"=>"Variables of bromeliads from three sampling sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519307"], "description"=>"<p>*p values with significance level of (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "correlations", "microclimatic", "bromeliad"], "article_id"=>1044714, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spearman_correlations_between_T_guatemalensis_microclimatic_conditions_and_bromeliad_characteristics_/1044714", "title"=>"Spearman correlations between <i>T. guatemalensis</i> microclimatic conditions and bromeliad characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519308"], "description"=>"<p>Height of the bromeliad in tree  =  Height, tank diameter  =  Width, disposition in the tree  =  Azi, Canopy coverage  =  Cover, tree diameter at breast high  =  DBH, Relative humidity  =  HR, size along the second leaf of the bromeliad  =  Length, meters above sea level  =  Masl, microhabitat temperature  = T<sub>m</sub>, ambient air temperature  =  T<sub>A</sub>.</p><p>*p values with significance level of (p<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "correlations", "microclimatic", "bromeliad"], "article_id"=>1044715, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spearman_correlations_between_Werauhia_werckleana_microclimatic_conditions_and_bromeliad_characteristics_/1044715", "title"=>"Spearman correlations between <i>Werauhia werckleana</i> microclimatic conditions and bromeliad characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519309"], "description"=>"<p>Encounter rate (ER), measured as proportion of bromeliads containing salamanders, by salamander species and bromeliad species. All data of presence given as mean ± standard deviation (s.d.) and based on three replicates patches of forest (n = 15).</p>a<p>Including salamanders with no molecular taxonomic identification.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "individuals", "rates", "bromeliad", "sampling"], "article_id"=>1044716, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>34, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_individuals_and_presence_encounter_rates_during_bromeliad_sampling_at_three_sample_sites_/1044716", "title"=>"Number of individuals and presence encounter rates during bromeliad sampling at three sample sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519310"], "description"=>"<p>Tank diameter  =  Width, size along the second leaf of the bromeliad  =  Length, microhabitat temperature  = T<sub>m</sub>, ambient air temperature  =  T<sub>A</sub>, Relative humidity  =  HR, tree diameter at breast high  =  DBH, Height of the bromeliad in tree  =  Height.</p><p>*Significance level for (W) Mann-Whitney pairwise comparisons or t-test (p<0.05).</p><p>Significance level (p<0.1). All data given as mean ± standard deviation (s.d).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "microclimatic", "phytotelm", "bromeliads"], "article_id"=>1044717, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measurements_of_microclimatic_conditions_and_phytotelm_characteristics_in_bromeliads_with_and_without_salamanders_/1044717", "title"=>"Measurements of microclimatic conditions and phytotelm characteristics in bromeliads with and without salamanders.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519311"], "description"=>"<p>Tank diameter  =  Width, bromeliad temperature  = T<sub>m</sub>.</p><p>*Significance level (P<0.05) for Wald z-statistic test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "logistic", "regressions", "salamanders", "bromeliads", "stepwise", "variables", "indicated", "asterisk"], "article_id"=>1044718, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>36, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multiple_logistic_regressions_for_the_presence_of_salamanders_in_bromeliads_selected_by_stepwise_by_AIC_Variables_significant_at_the__0_05_level_are_indicated_with_an_asterisk__/1044718", "title"=>"Multiple logistic regressions for the presence of salamanders in bromeliads selected by stepwise by AIC. Variables significant at the α = 0.05 level are indicated with an asterisk (<sup>*</sup>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1519312"], "description"=>"<div><p>Bromeliad phytotelmata are frequently used by several Neotropical amphibian taxa, possibly due to their high humidity, microclimatic stability, and role as a refuge from predators. Indeed, the ability of phytotelmata to buffer against adverse environmental conditions may be instrumental in allowing some amphibian species to survive during periods of environmental change or to colonize sub-optimal habitats. Association between bromeliad traits and salamanders has not been studied at a fine scale, despite the intimate association of many salamander species with bromeliads. Here, we identify microhabitat characteristics of epiphytic bromeliads used by two species of the <i>Bolitoglossa morio</i> group (<i>B. morio</i> and <i>B. pacaya</i>) in forest disturbed by volcanic activity in Guatemala. Specifically, we measured multiple variables for bromeliads (height and position in tree, phytotelma water temperature and pH, canopy cover, phytotelma size, leaf size, and tree diameter at breast height), as well as salamander size. We employed a DNA barcoding approach to identify salamanders. We found that <i>B</i>. <i>morio</i> and <i>B. pacaya</i> occurred in microsympatry in bromeliads and that phytotelmata size and temperature of bromeliad microhabitat were the most important factors associated with the presence of salamanders. Moreover, phytotelmata with higher pH contained larger salamanders, suggesting that larger salamanders or aggregated individuals might modify pH. These results show that bromeliad selection is nonrandom with respect to microhabitat characteristics, and provide insight into the relationship between salamanders and this unique arboreal environment.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Terrestrial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Zoology", "Reptile biology", "salamander"], "article_id"=>1044719, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Gustavo Ruano-Fajardo", "Sean M. Rovito", "Richard J. Ladle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098474", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bromeliad_Selection_by_Two_Salamander_Species_in_a_Harsh_Environment_/1044719", "title"=>"Bromeliad Selection by Two Salamander Species in a Harsh Environment", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-03 03:38:18"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[331]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Natural disasters", "average_usage"=>[281]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Habitats", "average_usage"=>[348, 516]}]}
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