Splitting or Lumping? A Conservation Dilemma Exemplified by the Critically Endangered Dama Gazelle (Nanger dama)
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{"title"=>"Splitting or lumping? A conservation dilemma exemplified by the critically endangered dama gazelle (Nanger dama)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Helen", "last_name"=>"Senn", "scopus_author_id"=>"26030669700"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa", "last_name"=>"Banfield", "scopus_author_id"=>"47160976100"}, {"first_name"=>"Tim", "last_name"=>"Wacher", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602367976"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Newby", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006140222"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Rabeil", "scopus_author_id"=>"56112811800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Kaden", "scopus_author_id"=>"56239852400"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew C.", "last_name"=>"Kitchener", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004665755"}, {"first_name"=>"Teresa", "last_name"=>"Abaigar", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602835692"}, {"first_name"=>"Teresa Luísa", "last_name"=>"Silva", "scopus_author_id"=>"20335990800"}, {"first_name"=>"Mike", "last_name"=>"Maunder", "scopus_author_id"=>"22934759300"}, {"first_name"=>"Rob", "last_name"=>"Ogden", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005080715"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373418758", "sgr"=>"84903553225", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"24956104", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903553225", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0098693", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"51915369-b577-36b0-9157-3b70cecc96d8", "abstract"=>"Managers of threatened species often face the dilemma of whether to keep populations separate to conserve local adaptations and minimize the risk of outbreeding, or whether to manage populations jointly to reduce loss of genetic diversity and minimise inbreeding. In this study we examine genetic relatedness and diversity in three of the five last remaining wild populations of dama gazelle and a number of captive populations, using mtDNA control region and cytochrome b data. Despite the sampled populations belonging to the three putative subspecies, which are delineated according to phenotypes and geographical location, we find limited evidence for phylogeographical structure within the data and no genetic support for the putative subspecies. In the light of these data we discuss the relevance of inbreeding depression, outbreeding depression, adaptive variation, genetic drift, and phenotypic variation to the conservation of the dama gazelle and make some recommendations for its future conservation management. The genetic data suggest that the best conservation approach is to view the dama gazelle as a single species without subspecific divisions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/splitting-lumping-conservation-dilemma-exemplified-critically-endangered-dama-gazelle-nanger-dama", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546637"], "description"=>"<p>Wild sampling sites and places of origin for the captive populations are depicted. The suggested subspecies boundaries according to different authors are listed (see in text for detail).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "depicting", "dama", "gazelle"], "article_id"=>1067222, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_map_depicting_the_former_and_current_range_of_the_dama_gazelle_adapted_from_14_/1067222", "title"=>"A map depicting the former and current range of the dama gazelle (adapted from [14]).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546657"], "description"=>"<p>a&b) Captive <i>mhorr</i> at Al Ain (a) and Frankfurt Zoo (b) which are descended from four founders caught in the Dora-Hagunia and Tichla-Bir Ganduz area of Western Sahara in 1958 (in the case of Al Ain zoo the origin is unrecorded, but it is highly likely that this is where they come from). c) animals from the population in Termit, Niger. d) animals from the population in Manga, Chad. e) animals from the population in Ouadi Rimé-Ouadi Achim, Chad. f) animals from the captive population at Al Ain Zoo, most likely descended from 20 founders taken from the wild in around Ouadi Haouach close to Ouadi Rimé-Ouadi Achim, Chad. Animals from the most north-westerly populations have the most extensive dark coloration, which descends down the legs. Moving to the south and east, this dark coloration fades upwards and forwards. Note that there is also phenotypic variation within populations, for example the width of the thigh marking differs in Manga and the animals in OROA exhibit presence or absence of the ham-shaped mark on the thigh <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693#pone.0098693-CanoPerez1\" target=\"_blank\">[15]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "pelage", "coloration", "populations", "listed"], "article_id"=>1067243, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variation_in_pelage_coloration_in_different_populations_listed_from_northwest_to_southeast_/1067243", "title"=>"Variation in pelage coloration in different populations listed from northwest to southeast.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546658"], "description"=>"<p>Sites are enumerated by collecting locality (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693#pone-0098693-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>) and putative subspecies; R (<i>N. d. ruficollis)</i>, D (<i>N. d.</i> dama), M (<i>N. d. mhorr</i>). Wild and captive populations are separated by a red line. Particularly striking, but not unexpected, is the higher haplotype diversity in the samples from wild populations (OROA_R, MANGA_R,TERMIT_D) than in samples from captive and captive-derived <i>mhorr</i> populations (Ain_M, EEP_M, SEN_M, SAF_M) and captive <i>ruficollis</i> populations (Ain_R, Mar_R). No haplotypes are shared between wild populations, or between wild and captive populations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "sampling", "sites"], "article_id"=>1067244, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bar_chart_of_control_region_haplotypes_A_8211_O_amp_R_found_at_different_sampling_sites_in_this_study_/1067244", "title"=>"Bar chart of control region haplotypes (A–O & R) found at different sampling sites in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546659"], "description"=>"<p>In each case Neighbourhood joining (left) and Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny via MrBayes (right) were conducted according to the conditions listed in the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693#s2\" target=\"_blank\">methods</a> section. The putative <i>ruficollis</i> subspecies exhibits polyphyly at the control region (and cytochrome b, compare with <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693#pone-0098693-g005\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 5</a>). * Captive populations have been combined (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693#pone-0098693-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "relationships", "genes", "560", "bp", "421", "cytochrome"], "article_id"=>1067245, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolutionary_relationships_at_different_genes_a_Tree_based_on_560_bp_of_control_region_and_b_421_bp_of_cytochrome_B_/1067245", "title"=>"Evolutionary relationships at different genes a) Tree based on 560 bp of control region and b) 421 bp of cytochrome B.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546661"], "description"=>"<p>Each haplotype is colour coded according to population of origin, and single base-pair step-wise mutations between haplotypes are colour coded according to their connection limit. Relatedness of haplotypes does not correspond to subspecies divisions or geographical structure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science"], "article_id"=>1067247, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Haplotype_network_of_the_control_region_haplotypes_present_in_this_study_/1067247", "title"=>"Haplotype network of the control region haplotypes present in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546662"], "description"=>"<p>Details of the 124 samples in this study and the populations that they originated from.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "124", "samples", "populations", "originated"], "article_id"=>1067248, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Details_of_the_124_samples_in_this_study_and_the_populations_that_they_originated_from_/1067248", "title"=>"Details of the 124 samples in this study and the populations that they originated from.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546663"], "description"=>"<p>Matrix of pair-wise mutational differences between cytochrome b haplotypes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "pair-wise", "mutational", "differences", "cytochrome"], "article_id"=>1067249, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Matrix_of_pair_wise_mutational_differences_between_cytochrome_b_haplotypes_/1067249", "title"=>"Matrix of pair-wise mutational differences between cytochrome b haplotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1546664"], "description"=>"<p>Matrix of pair-wise mutational differences between control region haplotypes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Evolutionary ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Genetic drift", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "Genetic polymorphism", "haplotypes", "Evolutionary genetics", "taxonomy", "Conservation science", "pair-wise", "mutational", "differences"], "article_id"=>1067250, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Helen Senn", "Lisa Banfield", "Tim Wacher", "John Newby", "Thomas Rabeil", "Jennifer Kaden", "Andrew C. Kitchener", "Teresa Abaigar", "Teresa Luísa Silva", "Mike Maunder", "Rob Ogden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098693.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Matrix_of_pair_wise_mutational_differences_between_control_region_haplotypes_/1067250", "title"=>"Matrix of pair-wise mutational differences between control region haplotypes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-23 02:49:48"}
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Relative Metric

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