High Seroprevalence of Human Herpesviruses in HIV-Infected Individuals Attending Primary Healthcare Facilities in Rural South Africa
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{"title"=>"High seroprevalence of human herpesviruses in HIV-infected individuals attending primary healthcare facilities in rural South Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Erik", "last_name"=>"Schaftenaar", "scopus_author_id"=>"36028646800"}, {"first_name"=>"Georges M G M", "last_name"=>"Verjans", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004542995"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Getu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55617000400"}, {"first_name"=>"James A.", "last_name"=>"McIntyre", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202924765"}, {"first_name"=>"Helen E.", "last_name"=>"Struthers", "scopus_author_id"=>"14626918700"}, {"first_name"=>"Albert D M E", "last_name"=>"Osterhaus", "scopus_author_id"=>"55533604400"}, {"first_name"=>"Remco P H", "last_name"=>"Peters", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401442453"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84902588087", "pui"=>"373337960", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0099243", "sgr"=>"84902588087", "pmid"=>"24914671"}, "id"=>"b686e172-7fae-3c6a-8a32-29707cab002f", "abstract"=>"Seroprevalence data of human herpesviruses (HHVs) are limited for sub-Saharan Africa. These are important to provide an indication of potential burden of HHV-related disease, in particular in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals who are known to be at increased risk of these conditions in the Western world. In this cross-sectional study among 405 HIV-infected and antiretroviral therapy naïve individuals in rural South Africa the seroprevalence of HHVs was: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) (98%), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) (87%), varicella zoster virus (VZV) (89%), and 100% for both Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Independent factors associated with VZV seropositivity were low educational status and having children. Lack of in-house access to drinking water was independently associated with positive HSV-1 serostatus, whereas Shangaan ethnicity was associated with HSV-2 seropositivity. Increasing age was associated with higher IgG titres to both EBV and CMV, whereas CD4 cell count was negatively associated with EBV and CMV IgG titres. Moreover, IgG titres of HSV-1 and 2, VZV and CMV, and CMV and EBV were positively correlated. The high HHV seroprevalence emphasises the importance of awareness of these viral infections in HIV-infected individuals in South Africa.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/high-seroprevalence-human-herpesviruses-hivinfected-individuals-attending-primary-healthcare-facilit-2", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528466"], "description"=>"<p>Data are presented as number (%). HSV  =  human simplex virus; VZV  =  varicella zoster virus; EBV  =  Epstein-Barr virus; CMV  =  cytomegalovirus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "Immunodeficiency viruses", "hiv", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "Herpes simplex", "Viral diseases", "Chickenpox", "Cytomegalovirus infection", "Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis", "herpesviruses", "hiv-infected", "individuals"], "article_id"=>1052016, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik Schaftenaar", "Georges M. G. M. Verjans", "Sarah Getu", "James A. McIntyre", "Helen E. Struthers", "Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus", "Remco P. H. Peters"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seroprevalence_of_human_herpesviruses_in_HIV_infected_individuals_n_8202_8202_402_/1052016", "title"=>"Seroprevalence of human herpesviruses in HIV-infected individuals (n = 402).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-10 02:50:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528467", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528468"], "description"=>"<div><p>Seroprevalence data of human herpesviruses (HHVs) are limited for sub-Saharan Africa. These are important to provide an indication of potential burden of HHV-related disease, in particular in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals who are known to be at increased risk of these conditions in the Western world. In this cross-sectional study among 405 HIV-infected and antiretroviral therapy naïve individuals in rural South Africa the seroprevalence of HHVs was: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) (98%), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) (87%), varicella zoster virus (VZV) (89%), and 100% for both Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Independent factors associated with VZV seropositivity were low educational status and having children. Lack of in-house access to drinking water was independently associated with positive HSV-1 serostatus, whereas Shangaan ethnicity was associated with HSV-2 seropositivity. Increasing age was associated with higher IgG titres to both EBV and CMV, whereas CD4 cell count was negatively associated with EBV and CMV IgG titres. Moreover, IgG titres of HSV-1 and 2, VZV and CMV, and CMV and EBV were positively correlated. The high HHV seroprevalence emphasises the importance of awareness of these viral infections in HIV-infected individuals in South Africa.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "Immunodeficiency viruses", "hiv", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "Herpes simplex", "Viral diseases", "Chickenpox", "Cytomegalovirus infection", "Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis", "seroprevalence", "herpesviruses", "hiv-infected", "individuals", "attending", "healthcare", "facilities"], "article_id"=>1052017, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik Schaftenaar", "Georges M. G. M. Verjans", "Sarah Getu", "James A. McIntyre", "Helen E. Struthers", "Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus", "Remco P. H. Peters"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_High_Seroprevalence_of_Human_Herpesviruses_in_HIV_Infected_Individuals_Attending_Primary_Healthcare_Facilities_in_Rural_South_Africa_/1052017", "title"=>"High Seroprevalence of Human Herpesviruses in HIV-Infected Individuals Attending Primary Healthcare Facilities in Rural South Africa", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-06-10 02:50:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528463"], "description"=>"<p>Correlation between serum EBV and CMV IgG titres and the individual's (<b>A</b>) Age and (<b>B</b>) CD4 cell count. (<b>C</b>) Correlation between serum IgG titres of different human herpesviruses. Serum IgG titres, presented as binary logarithmic PEI/ml values, were calculated based on corresponding reference sera from the Paul-Ehrlich Institute (Erlangen, Germany). The Spearman correlation test was used for statistical analysis. HSV-1, herpes simplex virus 1; HSV-2, herpes simplex virus; VZV, varicella zoster virus; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus and CMV, cytomegalovirus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "Immunodeficiency viruses", "hiv", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "Herpes simplex", "Viral diseases", "Chickenpox", "Cytomegalovirus infection", "Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis", "herpesvirus-specific", "serum", "igg"], "article_id"=>1052013, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik Schaftenaar", "Georges M. G. M. Verjans", "Sarah Getu", "James A. McIntyre", "Helen E. Struthers", "Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus", "Remco P. H. Peters"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatter_plots_of_factors_associated_with_human_herpesvirus_specific_serum_IgG_titres_/1052013", "title"=>"Scatter plots of factors associated with human herpesvirus-specific serum IgG titres.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-10 02:50:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528464"], "description"=>"<p>Data are presented as number (%) unless otherwise indicated. SD  =  standard deviation; HIV  =  human immunodeficiency virus.</p>a<p>Clinical HIV-staging was done according to the WHO Clinical Staging of HIV/AIDS <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243#pone.0099243-World1\" target=\"_blank\">[11]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "Immunodeficiency viruses", "hiv", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "Herpes simplex", "Viral diseases", "Chickenpox", "Cytomegalovirus infection", "Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis"], "article_id"=>1052014, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik Schaftenaar", "Georges M. G. M. Verjans", "Sarah Getu", "James A. McIntyre", "Helen E. Struthers", "Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus", "Remco P. H. Peters"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_characteristics_of_study_participants_n_8202_8202_405_/1052014", "title"=>"Demographic characteristics of study participants (n = 405).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-10 02:50:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1528465"], "description"=>"<p>Data are shown as numbers (%) or mean (sd). Crude odds ratios were calculated for demographic and clinical characteristics between positive and negative serological status. CI, Confidence interval; <i>p</i>-Value, Pearson Chi-square; na, not applicable; VZV, varicella zoster virus; HSV-1, herpes simplex virus 1; HSV-2, herpes simplex virus 2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microbiology", "Medical microbiology", "Microbial pathogens", "Viral pathogens", "Immunodeficiency viruses", "hiv", "epidemiology", "Infectious disease epidemiology", "Infectious diseases", "Sexually transmitted diseases", "Herpes simplex", "Viral diseases", "Chickenpox", "Cytomegalovirus infection", "Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis", "vzv"], "article_id"=>1052015, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Erik Schaftenaar", "Georges M. G. M. Verjans", "Sarah Getu", "James A. McIntyre", "Helen E. Struthers", "Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus", "Remco P. H. Peters"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099243.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Crude_risk_factors_associated_with_HSV_1_HSV_2_and_VZV_serostatus_/1052015", "title"=>"Crude risk factors associated with HSV-1, HSV-2, and VZV serostatus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-10 02:50:58"}

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