Informal Urban Green-Space: Comparison of Quantity and Characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Informal urban green-space: Comparison of quantity and characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christoph D.D.", "last_name"=>"Rupprecht", "scopus_author_id"=>"56229689000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jason A.", "last_name"=>"Byrne", "scopus_author_id"=>"16300751800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903281200", "pui"=>"373396776", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0099784", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84903281200", "pmid"=>"24941046"}, "id"=>"e692ffd1-263a-3722-b28a-99ba42774318", "abstract"=>"Informal urban green-space (IGS) such as vacant lots, brownfields and street or railway verges is receiving growing attention from urban scholars. Research has shown IGS can provide recreational space for residents and habitat for flora and fauna, yet we know little about the quantity, spatial distribution, vegetation structure or accessibility of IGS. We also lack a commonly accepted definition of IGS and a method that can be used for its rapid quantitative assessment. This paper advances a definition and typology of IGS that has potential for global application. Based on this definition, IGS land use percentage in central Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan was systematically surveyed in a 10x10 km grid containing 121 sampling sites of 2,500 m2 per city, drawing on data recorded in the field and aerial photography. Spatial distribution, vegetation structure and accessibility of IGS were also analyzed. We found approximately 6.3% of the surveyed urban area in Brisbane and 4.8% in Sapporo consisted of IGS, a non-significant difference. The street verge IGS type (80.4% of all IGS) dominated in Brisbane, while lots (42.2%) and gaps (19.2%) were the two largest IGS types in Sapporo. IGS was widely distributed throughout both survey areas. Vegetation structure showed higher tree cover in Brisbane, but higher herb cover in Sapporo. In both cities over 80% of IGS was accessible or partly accessible. The amount of IGS we found suggests it could play a more important role than previously assumed for residents' recreation and nature experience as well as for fauna and flora, because it substantially increased the amount of potentially available greenspace in addition to parks and conservation greenspace. We argue that IGS has potential for recreation and conservation, but poses some challenges to urban planning. To address these challenges, we propose some directions for future research.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/informal-urban-greenspace-comparison-quantity-characteristics-brisbane-australia-sapporo-japan", "reader_count"=>80, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>15, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>22, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>15, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Environmental Science"=>30, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Design"=>5, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>5}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>10}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>30}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>2, "Poland"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "Australia"=>3}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903281200"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903281200?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84903281200&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84903281200&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903281200", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84903281200", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84903281200", "dc:title"=>"Informal urban green-space: Comparison of quantity and characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan", "dc:creator"=>"Rupprecht C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"6", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-06-18", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"18 June 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0099784", "citedby-count"=>"35", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Griffith University", "affiliation-city"=>"Brisbane", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24941046", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e99784", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0099784", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>2}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"12", "html_views"=>"481"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"167"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"167"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"155", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539342"], "description"=>"<p>Research design: sampling sites on gridline intersections, with sub-sites and example of IGS percentage calculation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "sampling", "sites", "gridline", "sub-sites", "igs"], "article_id"=>1061248, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Research_design_sampling_sites_on_gridline_intersections_with_sub_sites_and_example_of_IGS_percentage_calculation_/1061248", "title"=>"Research design: sampling sites on gridline intersections, with sub-sites and example of IGS percentage calculation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539368"], "description"=>"<p>*N =  number of IGS as recorded in all 3,025 sub-sites.</p><p>*Extrapolated to reflect the area of the smallest possible square containing all sampling sites (total square area 101,002,500 m<sup>2</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "subtypes", "sapporo"], "article_id"=>1061274, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantity_of_IGS_and_IGS_subtypes_in_Sapporo_survey_area_/1061274", "title"=>"Quantity of IGS and IGS subtypes in Sapporo survey area.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539345"], "description"=>"<p>Survey areas and population density of study locations: A) Sapporo, B) Brisbane.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "areas"], "article_id"=>1061251, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survey_areas_and_population_density_of_study_locations_A_Sapporo_B_Brisbane_/1061251", "title"=>"Survey areas and population density of study locations: A) Sapporo, B) Brisbane.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539362"], "description"=>"<p>Sources: <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784#pone.0099784-Byrne2\" target=\"_blank\">[46]</a>–<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784#pone.0099784-Sapporo3\" target=\"_blank\">[51]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "cities", "containing"], "article_id"=>1061268, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_cities_containing_the_survey_areas_/1061268", "title"=>"Comparison of cities containing the survey areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539359"], "description"=>"<p>Change in total land use percentage with increasing sample size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions"], "article_id"=>1061265, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Change_in_total_land_use_percentage_with_increasing_sample_size_/1061265", "title"=>"Change in total land use percentage with increasing sample size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539356"], "description"=>"<p>Spatial IGS distribution: percentage of IGS per sampling site in Sapporo (top) and Brisbane (bottom).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "sampling", "sapporo", "brisbane"], "article_id"=>1061262, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_IGS_distribution_percentage_of_IGS_per_sampling_site_in_Sapporo_top_and_Brisbane_bottom_/1061262", "title"=>"Spatial IGS distribution: percentage of IGS per sampling site in Sapporo (top) and Brisbane (bottom).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539353"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency distribution of IGS land use percentage in sampling sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "sampling"], "article_id"=>1061259, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_distribution_of_IGS_land_use_percentage_in_sampling_sites_/1061259", "title"=>"Frequency distribution of IGS land use percentage in sampling sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539370", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539371", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539372", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539373"], "description"=>"<div><p>Informal urban green-space (IGS) such as vacant lots, brownfields and street or railway verges is receiving growing attention from urban scholars. Research has shown IGS can provide recreational space for residents and habitat for flora and fauna, yet we know little about the quantity, spatial distribution, vegetation structure or accessibility of IGS. We also lack a commonly accepted definition of IGS and a method that can be used for its rapid quantitative assessment. This paper advances a definition and typology of IGS that has potential for global application. Based on this definition, IGS land use percentage in central Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan was systematically surveyed in a 10×10 km grid containing 121 sampling sites of 2,500 m<sup>2</sup> per city, drawing on data recorded in the field and aerial photography. Spatial distribution, vegetation structure and accessibility of IGS were also analyzed. We found approximately 6.3% of the surveyed urban area in Brisbane and 4.8% in Sapporo consisted of IGS, a non-significant difference. The street verge IGS type (80.4% of all IGS) dominated in Brisbane, while lots (42.2%) and gaps (19.2%) were the two largest IGS types in Sapporo. IGS was widely distributed throughout both survey areas. Vegetation structure showed higher tree cover in Brisbane, but higher herb cover in Sapporo. In both cities over 80% of IGS was accessible or partly accessible. The amount of IGS we found suggests it could play a more important role than previously assumed for residents' recreation and nature experience as well as for fauna and flora, because it substantially increased the amount of potentially available greenspace in addition to parks and conservation greenspace. We argue that IGS has potential for recreation and conservation, but poses some challenges to urban planning. To address these challenges, we propose some directions for future research.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "australia"], "article_id"=>1061276, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Informal_Urban_Green_Space_Comparison_of_Quantity_and_Characteristics_in_Brisbane_Australia_and_Sapporo_Japan_/1061276", "title"=>"Informal Urban Green-Space: Comparison of Quantity and Characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539367"], "description"=>"<p>Comparison of IGS, formal and private greenspace in survey areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "greenspace"], "article_id"=>1061273, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_IGS_formal_and_private_greenspace_in_survey_areas_/1061273", "title"=>"Comparison of IGS, formal and private greenspace in survey areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539352"], "description"=>"<p>Example photographs: a) IGS inaccessible due to height and missing ladder; b) IGS completely fenced off; c) IGS access restricted by physical (wire) and symbolic barriers (sign).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs"], "article_id"=>1061258, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Barriers_to_IGS_access_/1061258", "title"=>"Barriers to IGS access.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539365"], "description"=>"<p>*WS/SV  =  waterside/street verge, SV/GP  =  street verge/gap, LT/SV  =  lot/street verge.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "accessibility"], "article_id"=>1061271, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_IGS_accessibility_in_survey_areas_/1061271", "title"=>"Comparison of IGS accessibility in survey areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539366"], "description"=>"<p>*N =  number of IGS as recorded in all 3,025 sub-sites.</p><p>**HG  =  combined percentage of herb and ground cover. Herb and ground cover strata add up to 100% minus ground not covered by vegetation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "vegetation"], "article_id"=>1061272, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_IGS_vegetation_structure_in_survey_areas_/1061272", "title"=>"Comparison of IGS vegetation structure in survey areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539347"], "description"=>"<p>Vegetation structure assessment: tree layer, bush layer, herb layer and ground layer heights.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions"], "article_id"=>1061253, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Vegetation_structure_assessment_tree_layer_bush_layer_herb_layer_and_ground_layer_heights_/1061253", "title"=>"Vegetation structure assessment: tree layer, bush layer, herb layer and ground layer heights.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539363"], "description"=>"<p>Informal urban greenspace typology.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "greenspace"], "article_id"=>1061270, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Informal_urban_greenspace_typology_/1061270", "title"=>"Informal urban greenspace typology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539361"], "description"=>"<p>*N =  number of IGS as recorded in all 3,025 sub-sites.</p><p>**Extrapolated to reflect the area of the smallest possible square containing all sampling sites (total square area 101,002,500 m<sup>2</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "igs", "subtypes", "brisbane"], "article_id"=>1061267, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantity_of_IGS_and_IGS_subtypes_in_Brisbane_survey_area_/1061267", "title"=>"Quantity of IGS and IGS subtypes in Brisbane survey area.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539341"], "description"=>"<p>Study locations including sampling sites: Brisbane, Australia (left) and Sapporo, Japan (right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "locations", "sampling", "australia", "japan"], "article_id"=>1061247, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_locations_including_sampling_sites_Brisbane_Australia_left_and_Sapporo_Japan_right_/1061247", "title"=>"Study locations including sampling sites: Brisbane, Australia (left) and Sapporo, Japan (right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539322"], "description"=>"<p>Waterside: A) Vegetation on soil deposits in concreted river bed (Nagoya), B) Spontaneous vegetation and informal agricultural use of flood-protection stream banks (Sapporo), C) Spontaneously vegetated anthropogenic river banks (Sapporo). Structural: D) Creeping vines on industrial building (Nagoya), E) Overgrown bridge (Nagoya), F) Concrete soil retention wall completely covered in ivy (Sapporo). Microsite: G) Vegetated crack in asphalt on parking lot (Sapporo), H) Vegetation between two sidewalk plates (Brisbane), I) Plant growing out of degraded traffic cone remains (Nagoya). Powerline: J) Powerline reserve in industrial zone (Brisbane), K) Vegetated area around powerline pylon (near Osaka, Japan), L) Vegetated area around powerline pylon (Sapporo).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "greenspace", "types", "typology"], "article_id"=>1061238, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photos_of_informal_greenspace_types_following_typology_in_Table_1_cont_/1061238", "title"=>"Photos of informal greenspace types following typology in <b>Table 1</b> (cont.).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539360"], "description"=>"<p>Decrease in deviation of total land use percentage from city-supplied datasets with increasing sample size.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "deviation", "city-supplied", "datasets"], "article_id"=>1061266, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Decrease_in_deviation_of_total_land_use_percentage_from_city_supplied_datasets_with_increasing_sample_size_/1061266", "title"=>"Decrease in deviation of total land use percentage from city-supplied datasets with increasing sample size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1539295"], "description"=>"<p>Street verges: A) Spontaneous herbal vegetation on sidewalk (Sapporo, Japan), B) Unused, highly maintained nature strip with mix of planted and spontaneous vegetation (Brisbane, Australia), C) Spont. herbal vegetation between street and sidewalk (Sapporo). Lots: D) Former residential vacant lot, remains of garden structure still present (Sapporo), E) Long-term vacant lot in residential area (Brisbane), F) Former residential, long-term vacant lot, “no trespassing” sign (Nagoya, Japan). Gap: G) Space with spontaneous herbal vegetation between two buildings, informal storage use (Sapporo), H) Gap with rudimentarily blocked access in front of building (Sapporo), I) Vegetated gap in sealed surface around fence in industrial zone (Brisbane). Railway: J) Annual grass in verge between rail track and street (Sapporo), K) Vegetated cliff next to rail track (Brisbane), L) Vegetated verge and inter-track space (Sapporo). Brownfield: M) Publicly-owned, large vacant tract with grassland and single trees (Sapporo), N) Old city quarter, overgrown former ceramics factory lot (Tokoname, Japan), O) Vegetated area on municipal land for disaster preparation material storage in urban fringe (Sapporo).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "urban ecology", "geoinformatics", "Geographic Information Systems", "Spatial analysis", "geography", "Cartography", "Human geography", "Nature-society interactions", "greenspace", "types", "typology"], "article_id"=>1061215, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Christoph D. D. Rupprecht", "Jason A. Byrne"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099784.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>34, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photos_of_informal_greenspace_types_following_typology_in_Table_1_/1061215", "title"=>"Photos of informal greenspace types following typology in <b>Table 1</b>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-18 03:59:18"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"15", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[320]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Terrestrial environments", "average_usage"=>[292, 445]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Human geography", "average_usage"=>[311, 480]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts