Rhinoceros Feet Step Out of a Rule-of-Thumb: A Wildlife Imaging Pioneering Approach of Synchronized Computed Tomography-Digital Radiography
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Rhinoceros feet step out of a rule-of-thumb: A wildlife imaging pioneering approach of synchronized computed tomography-digital radiography", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gabriela", "last_name"=>"Galateanu", "scopus_author_id"=>"53877382100"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Hermes", "scopus_author_id"=>"24484508600"}, {"first_name"=>"Joseph", "last_name"=>"Saragusty", "scopus_author_id"=>"8872923900"}, {"first_name"=>"Frank", "last_name"=>"Göritz", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701597895"}, {"first_name"=>"Romain", "last_name"=>"Potier", "scopus_author_id"=>"55331609100"}, {"first_name"=>"Baptiste", "last_name"=>"Mulot", "scopus_author_id"=>"54998249200"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexis", "last_name"=>"Maillot", "scopus_author_id"=>"55787849800"}, {"first_name"=>"Pascal", "last_name"=>"Etienne", "scopus_author_id"=>"55788340200"}, {"first_name"=>"Rui", "last_name"=>"Bernardino", "scopus_author_id"=>"15078013300"}, {"first_name"=>"Teresa", "last_name"=>"Fernandes", "scopus_author_id"=>"28267670900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jurgen", "last_name"=>"Mews", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603100587"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas Bernd", "last_name"=>"Hildebrandt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005269039"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903521892", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0100415", "sgr"=>"84903521892", "pmid"=>"24963807", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"373419030"}, "id"=>"00e037f1-120d-3be3-935f-a12f1b0b04a1", "abstract"=>"Currently, radiography is the only imaging technique used to diagnose bone pathology in wild animals situated under \"field conditions\". Nevertheless, while chronic foot disease in captive mega-herbivores is widely reported, foot radiographic imaging is confronted with scarcity of studies. Numerous hindrances lead to such limited numbers and it became very clear that the traditional perspective on bone imaging in domestic animals based on extensive studies and elaborated statistical evaluations cannot be extrapolated to their non-domestic relatives. For these reasons, the authors initiated a multi-modality imaging study and established a pioneering approach of synchronized computed tomography (CT) and digital radiography (DR), based on X-ray projections derived from three-dimensional CT reconstructed images. Whereas this approach can be applied in any clinical field, as a case of outstanding importance and great concern for zoological institutions, we selected foot bone pathologies in captive rhinoceroses to demonstrate the manifold applications of the method. Several advances were achieved, endowing the wildlife clinician with all-important tools: prototype DR exposure protocols and a modus operandi for foot positioning, advancing both traditional projections and, for the first-time, species-related radiographic views; assessment of radiographic diagnostic value for the whole foot and, in premiere, for each autopodial bone; together with additional insights into radiographic appearance of bone anatomy and pathology with a unique, simultaneous CT-DR correlation. Based on its main advantages in availing a wide range of keystone data in wildlife imaging from a limited number of examined subjects and combining advantages of CT as the golden standard method for bone diseases' diagnostic with DR's clinical feasibility under field conditions, synchronized CT-DR presents a new perspective on wildlife's health management. With this we hope to provide veterinary clinicians with concrete imaging techniques and substantial diagnostic tools, which facilitate straightforward attainment and interpretation of field radiography images taken worldwide.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/rhinoceros-feet-step-ruleofthumb-wildlife-imaging-pioneering-approach-synchronized-computed-tomograp", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903521892"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903521892?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84903521892&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84903521892&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84903521892", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84903521892", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84903521892", "dc:title"=>"Rhinoceros feet step out of a rule-of-thumb: A wildlife imaging pioneering approach of synchronized computed tomography-digital radiography", "dc:creator"=>"Galateanu G.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"6", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-06-25", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"25 June 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0100415", "citedby-count"=>"1", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Leibniz-Institut für Zoo- und Wildtierforschung", "affiliation-city"=>"Berlin", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24963807", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e100415", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0100415", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"112", "xml_views"=>"18", "html_views"=>"1538"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"671"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"139"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571480"], "description"=>"<p>Digital radiographic images are calculated and generated from fully rendered, tri-dimensional (3D) CT images. Standard orthogonal (n = 4) and oblique (n = 4) radiographic views (45° apart) are shown here using as example the left front distal limb of Southern white rhinoceros 2. The abbreviations used represent the oblique projections characterized by the point-of-entry to point-of-exit direction of the primary X-ray beam: DMPL [dorsomedial-palmarolateral], PMDL [palmaromedial-dorsolateral], PLDM [palmarolateral-dorsomedial], and DLPM [dorsolateral-palmaromedial].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "synchronized", "computed", "tomography", "radiography"], "article_id"=>1088074, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principle_of_method_in_synchronized_computed_tomography_CT_digital_radiography_DR_/1088074", "title"=>"Principle of method in synchronized computed tomography (CT)-digital radiography (DR).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571481"], "description"=>"<p>On the horizontal axis are the eight radiographic views and the vertical axis shows the exposure values of: milliampere (mA), kilovolt peak (kVp) and time (s) for each projection at a constant source-to-film, or focus-to-film, distance (FFD) of 100 cm. Standard radiographic views were: DP [dorso-palmar (plantar)], DM-PL [dorsomedial-palmaro (plantaro) lateral], ML [medio-lateral], PM-DL [palmaro (plantaro) medial-dorsolateral], PD [palmaro (plantaro)-dorsal], PL-DM [palmaro (plantaro) lateral-dorsomedial]; LM [latero-medial], DL-PM [dorsolateral-palmaro (plantaro) medial].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "hind", "feet", "indian"], "article_id"=>1088075, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Radiographic_exposure_chart_for_front_and_hind_feet_in_both_Southern_white_and_Indian_rhinoceroses_/1088075", "title"=>"Radiographic exposure chart for front and hind feet in both Southern white and Indian rhinoceroses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571482"], "description"=>"<p>Dorsomedial-palmarolateral (DMPL) 20° oblique view performed at a projection angle of 20° from the dorsal mid-plane (arrow) allows a better visualization of all digits than the traditional DMPL 45° oblique view. Positioning technique is demonstrated on tri-dimensional computed tomographic (3D CT) image of Indian rhinoceros 3 right front foot (right side image) and schematically represented using a cross-sectional CT image (left side image). Semi-transparent 3D CT imaging protocol was employed to show both foot's exterior aspect and the underlying bony structures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "species-related", "radiographic"], "article_id"=>1088076, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rhinoceroses_species_related_radiographic_views_/1088076", "title"=>"Rhinoceroses' species-related radiographic views.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571483"], "description"=>"<p>Radiographic diagnostic value per view was calculated by summation of the perceptible radiographic detail assessed with a 5-point rating scale for each autopodial bone of front and, respectively, hind feet in Southern white rhinoceros. Standard radiographic views are schematically represented on the top row. Abbreviations: digits II, III, IV [D II, D III, D IV]; views: dorso-palmar (plantar) [DPa(l)], palmaro (plantaro)-dorsal [Pa(l)D], medio-lateral [ML], latero-medial [LM], and four oblique projections: dorsomedial-palmaro (plantaro) lateral [DM-Pa(l)LO], dorsolateral-palmaro (plantaro) medial [DL-Pa(l)MO], palmaro (plantaro) medial-dorsolateral [Pa(l)M-DLO] and palmaro (plantaro) lateral-dorsomedial [Pa(l)L-DMO].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "diagnostic", "multiples", "radiographic"], "article_id"=>1088077, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_One_criterion_diagnostic_value_of_traditional_45_176_and_multiples_of_45_176_projection_angles_radiographic_views_/1088077", "title"=>"One-criterion diagnostic value of traditional (45° and multiples of 45° projection angles) radiographic views.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571484"], "description"=>"<p>Radiographic diagnostic value per view was calculated by summation of the perceptible radiographic detail assessed with a 5-point rating scale for each autopodial bone of front and, respectively, hind feet in Indian rhinoceroses. Standard radiographic views are schematically represented on the top row. Abbreviations: digits II, III, IV [D II, D III, D IV]; views: dorso-palmar (plantar) [DPa(l)], palmaro (plantaro)-dorsal [Pa(l)D], medio-lateral [ML], latero-medial [LM], and four oblique projections: dorsomedial-palmaro (plantaro) lateral [DM-Pa(l)LO], dorsolateral-palmaro (plantaro) medial [DL-Pa(l)MO], palmaro (plantaro) medial-dorsolateral [Pa(l)M-DLO] and palmaro (plantaro) lateral-dorsomedial [Pa(l)L-DMO].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "diagnostic", "multiples", "radiographic"], "article_id"=>1088078, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_One_criterion_diagnostic_value_of_traditional_45_176_and_multiples_of_45_176_projection_angles_radiographic_views_/1088078", "title"=>"One-criterion diagnostic value of traditional (45° and multiples of 45° projection angles) radiographic views.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571485"], "description"=>"<p>Whole foot radiographic diagnostic value per view was calculated based on: a) number of bones that could be discerned at a diagnostic value (“Number”, presented as percentage from the total number of foot's bones); b) perceptible radiographic details of each bone estimated with a 5-point radiographic rating scale and summated for all foot's bones (“Detail”). The results are shown for front feet in Southern white and Indian rhinoceroses. The abbreviations used are: dorso-palmar (plantar) [DPa(l)], palmaro (plantaro)-dorsal [Pa(l)D], medio-lateral [ML], latero-medial [LM], and four oblique projections: dorsomedial-palmaro (plantaro) lateral [DM-Pa(l)LO], dorsolateral-palmaro (plantaro) medial [DL-Pa(l)MO], palmaro (plantaro) medial-dorsolateral [Pa(l)M-DLO] and palmaro (plantaro) lateral-dorsomedial [Pa(l)L-DMO].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "diagnostic", "multiples", "radiographic"], "article_id"=>1088079, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_criteria_diagnostic_value_of_traditional_45_176_and_multiples_of_45_176_projection_angles_radiographic_views_/1088079", "title"=>"Two-criteria diagnostic value of traditional (45° and multiples of 45° projection angles) radiographic views.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571486"], "description"=>"<p>Whole foot radiographic diagnostic value per view was calculated based on: a) number of bones that could be discerned at a diagnostic value (“Number”, presented as percentage from the total number of foot's bones); b) perceptible radiographic details of each bone estimated with a 5-point radiographic rating scale and summated for all foot's bones (“Detail”). The results are shown for hind feet in Southern white and Indian rhinoceroses. The abbreviations used are: dorso-palmar (plantar) [DPa(l)], palmaro (plantaro)-dorsal [Pa(l)D], medio-lateral [ML], latero-medial [LM], and four oblique projections: dorsomedial-palmaro (plantaro) lateral [DM-Pa(l)LO], dorsolateral-palmaro (plantaro) medial [DL-Pa(l)MO], palmaro (plantaro) medial-dorsolateral [Pa(l)M-DLO] and palmaro (plantaro) lateral-dorsomedial [Pa(l)L-DMO].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "diagnostic", "multiples", "radiographic"], "article_id"=>1088080, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_criteria_diagnostic_value_of_traditional_45_176_and_multiples_of_45_176_projection_angles_radiographic_views_/1088080", "title"=>"Two-criteria diagnostic value of traditional (45° and multiples of 45° projection angles) radiographic views.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571487"], "description"=>"<p>Tri-dimensional computed tomographic (3D CT) images of CTB allowed comparison of multiple bone pathologies (A) in rhinoceros 1 with normal anatomical aspect (B) in rhinoceros 2. Encountered osteopathologies are: cortical osteogenesis represented by massive, unstructured new bone production and remodelling, with a beak-like formation oriented plantaro-medially (arrow). Additionally (A), the articular surface between CTB and first tarsal bone (TI) is highly irregular, characterized by decreased joint space width and articular bone proliferation that bridges the contiguous bones (ankylosis). The second (TII) and the third (TIII) tarsal bones are within normal limits on both rhinoceroses (A, B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "navicular", "tarsal", "comparative", "imaging"], "article_id"=>1088081, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Left_navicular_central_tarsal_bone_CTB_comparative_imaging_in_two_Southern_white_rhinoceroses_/1088081", "title"=>"Left navicular (central tarsal bone, CTB) comparative imaging in two Southern white rhinoceroses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571488"], "description"=>"<p>This projection (B) allows the best visualization of calcaneus (highlighted on CT image A) with minimal superimposition of other bony elements. The abbreviations used are: 1-tibia, 2- fibula, 3- talus, 4- calcaneus, 5- navicular, 6-tarsal III, and 7- tarsal IV bones.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "anatomy", "depicted", "rhinoceros", "hind", "computed", "tomography", "synchronized", "radiography"], "article_id"=>1088082, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tarsal_normal_anatomy_depicted_in_Southern_white_rhinoceros_2_left_hind_foot_by_A_computed_tomography_CT_and_B_synchronized_digital_radiography_Synch_DR_/1088082", "title"=>"Tarsal normal anatomy depicted in Southern white rhinoceros 2 left hind foot by (A) computed tomography (CT) and (B) synchronized digital radiography (Synch DR).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571489"], "description"=>"<p>Fractured bony fragments (circle and star) of the distal phalanx of the left front central digit are imaged ventral to the central small sesamoid (S) by means of: analog radiography (AR), digital radiography (DR), computed tomography (CT), and synchronized CT-DR (Synch CT-DR). Uppermost CT images reveal additional osteopathologies: the second phalanx - dorso-lateral fracture with a displaced fragment (curved arrow); the third phalanx - complete fracture of the medial palmar process (<i>processus palmaris medialis</i>, straight arrow).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "imaging", "pathology", "indian", "rhinoceros"], "article_id"=>1088083, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.g010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multi_modality_imaging_diagnosis_of_bone_pathology_in_Indian_rhinoceros_1_/1088083", "title"=>"Multi-modality imaging diagnosis of bone pathology in Indian rhinoceros 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571490"], "description"=>"<p><i>Ceratotherium simum simum</i>- Southern white rhinoceros, <i>Rhinoceros unicornis</i>- Indian rhinoceros, FR - front right, FL - front left, HR - hind right, HL - hind left autopodium.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging"], "article_id"=>1088084, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rhinoceroses_/1088084", "title"=>"Rhinoceroses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571560", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571561", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571562", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571563", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571564", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571565", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571566", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571567", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571568", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571569", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571570", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571571", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1571572"], "description"=>"<div><p>Currently, radiography is the only imaging technique used to diagnose bone pathology in wild animals situated under “field conditions”. Nevertheless, while chronic foot disease in captive mega-herbivores is widely reported, foot radiographic imaging is confronted with scarcity of studies. Numerous hindrances lead to such limited numbers and it became very clear that the traditional perspective on bone imaging in domestic animals based on extensive studies and elaborated statistical evaluations cannot be extrapolated to their non-domestic relatives. For these reasons, the authors initiated a multi-modality imaging study and established a pioneering approach of synchronized computed tomography (CT) and digital radiography (DR), based on X-ray projections derived from three-dimensional CT reconstructed images. Whereas this approach can be applied in any clinical field, as a case of outstanding importance and great concern for zoological institutions, we selected foot bone pathologies in captive rhinoceroses to demonstrate the manifold applications of the method. Several advances were achieved, endowing the wildlife clinician with all-important tools: prototype DR exposure protocols and a <i>modus operandi</i> for foot positioning, advancing both traditional projections and, for the first-time, species-related radiographic views; assessment of radiographic diagnostic value for the whole foot and, in premiere, for each autopodial bone; together with additional insights into radiographic appearance of bone anatomy and pathology with a unique, simultaneous CT-DR correlation. Based on its main advantages in availing a wide range of keystone data in wildlife imaging from a limited number of examined subjects and combining advantages of CT as the golden standard method for bone diseases' diagnostic with DR's clinical feasibility under field conditions, synchronized CT-DR presents a new perspective on wildlife's health management. With this we hope to provide veterinary clinicians with concrete imaging techniques and substantial diagnostic tools, which facilitate straightforward attainment and interpretation of field radiography images taken worldwide.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Veterinary medicine", "Veterinary pathology", "Radiology and imaging", "feet", "imaging", "pioneering", "synchronized", "computed", "tomography-digital"], "article_id"=>1088127, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Gabriela Galateanu", "Robert Hermes", "Joseph Saragusty", "Frank Göritz", "Romain Potier", "Baptiste Mulot", "Alexis Maillot", "Pascal Etienne", "Rui Bernardino", "Teresa Fernandes", "Jurgen Mews", "Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100415.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rhinoceros_Feet_Step_Out_of_a_Rule_of_Thumb_A_Wildlife_Imaging_Pioneering_Approach_of_Synchronized_Computed_Tomography_Digital_Radiography_/1088127", "title"=>"Rhinoceros Feet Step Out of a Rule-of-Thumb: A Wildlife Imaging Pioneering Approach of Synchronized Computed Tomography-Digital Radiography", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-06-25 06:43:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"51", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Veterinary science", "average_usage"=>[401]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology/Digital imaging", "average_usage"=>[348, 536, 578]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Pathology and laboratory medicine", "average_usage"=>[287]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Radiology and imaging", "average_usage"=>[246]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts