Movements, Home-Range Size and Habitat Selection of Mallards during Autumn Migration
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{"title"=>"Movements, home-range size and habitat selection of mallards during autumn migration", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Bengtsson", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506210455"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexis", "last_name"=>"Avril", "scopus_author_id"=>"23011595200"}, {"first_name"=>"Gunnar", "last_name"=>"Gunnarsson", "scopus_author_id"=>"8306944000"}, {"first_name"=>"Johan", "last_name"=>"Elmberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603736639"}, {"first_name"=>"Pär", "last_name"=>"Söderquist", "scopus_author_id"=>"55355627000"}, {"first_name"=>"Gabriel", "last_name"=>"Norevik", "scopus_author_id"=>"55934727100"}, {"first_name"=>"Conny", "last_name"=>"Tolf", "scopus_author_id"=>"21834953600"}, {"first_name"=>"Kamran", "last_name"=>"Safi", "scopus_author_id"=>"8914879900"}, {"first_name"=>"Wolfgang", "last_name"=>"Fiedler", "scopus_author_id"=>"35268586900"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Wikelski", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005141241"}, {"first_name"=>"Björn", "last_name"=>"Olsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201359257"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonas", "last_name"=>"Waldenström", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005795132"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903532165", "pui"=>"373418612", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0100764", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84903532165", "pmid"=>"24971887"}, "id"=>"37e81b48-7373-30e6-812d-0022175f367c", "abstract"=>"The mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) is a focal species in game management, epidemiology and ornithology, but comparably little research has focused on the ecology of the migration seasons. We studied habitat use, time-budgets, home-range sizes, habitat selection, and movements based on spatial data collected with GPS devices attached to wild mallards trapped at an autumn stopover site in the Northwest European flyway. Sixteen individuals (13 males, 3 females) were followed for 15-38 days in October to December 2010. Forty-nine percent (SD = 8.4%) of the ducks' total time, and 85% of the day-time (SD = 28.3%), was spent at sheltered reefs and bays on the coast. Two ducks used ponds, rather than coast, as day-roosts instead. Mallards spent most of the night (76% of total time, SD = 15.8%) on wetlands, mainly on alvar steppe, or in various flooded areas (e.g. coastal meadows). Crop fields with maize were also selectively utilized. Movements between roosting and foraging areas mainly took place at dawn and dusk, and the home-ranges observed in our study are among the largest ever documented for mallards (mean = 6,859 ha; SD = 5,872 ha). This study provides insights into relatively unknown aspects of mallard ecology. The fact that autumn-staging migratory mallards have a well-developed diel activity pattern tightly linked to the use of specific habitats has implications for wetland management, hunting and conservation, as well as for the epidemiology of diseases shared between wildlife and domestic animals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/movements-homerange-size-habitat-selection-mallards-during-autumn-migration-4", "reader_count"=>68, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>12}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>12}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49, "Psychology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570211"], "description"=>"<p>The table shows the selection ratios when considering the habitat as a six-level factor (all wet habitats are pooled together). The habitats are ordered from the most (top) to the least preferred habitat (bottom).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "ratios", "home-range", "averaged", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december", "respective"], "article_id"=>1087053, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selection_ratios_w_i_at_the_home_range_level_averaged_over_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_land_Sweden_October_December_2010_with_respective_95_confidence_interval_CI_lower_and_upper_limits_/1087053", "title"=>"Selection ratios (<i>w<sub>i</sub></i>) at the home-range level, averaged over 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, with respective 95% confidence interval (CI) lower and upper limits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570210"], "description"=>"<p>Average time lag (in minutes) between consecutive fixes for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "lag", "fixes", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087052, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_time_lag_in_minutes_between_consecutive_fixes_for_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087052", "title"=>"Average time lag (in minutes) between consecutive fixes for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570207"], "description"=>"<p>Habitat is considered as a six level factor, i.e. all wetland habitats have been pooled.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "et", "ratios"], "article_id"=>1087049, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Manly_et_al_s_selection_ratios_w_ij_95_CI_for_each_period_of_the_day_/1087049", "title"=>"Manly et al.'s selection ratios (<i>w<sub>ij</sub></i>±95% CI) for each period of the day.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570205"], "description"=>"<p>Home-range size (MCP in ha on a log scale) of mallards on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, during different periods of the day; <i>dawn</i>  =  first light to sunrise (duration close to two hours), <i>day</i>  =  sunrise to sunset (7–9 hours), <i>dusk</i>  =  sunset to last light (duration close to two hours), and <i>night</i>  =  last light to first light (11–13 hours).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "mallards", "october", "december", "periods", "sunrise", "sunset"], "article_id"=>1087047, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Home_range_size_MCP_in_ha_on_a_log_scale_of_mallards_on_southern_land_Sweden_October_December_2010_during_different_periods_of_the_day_dawn__first_light_to_sunrise_duration_close_to_two_hours_day__sunrise_to_sunset_7_9_hours_dusk__sunset_to_last_light_du/1087047", "title"=>"Home-range size (MCP in ha on a log scale) of mallards on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, during different periods of the day; <i>dawn</i>  =  first light to sunrise (duration close to two hours), <i>day</i>  =  sunrise to sunset (7–9 hours), <i>dusk</i>  =  sunset to last light (duration close to two hours), and <i>night</i>  =  last light to first light (11–13 hours).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570206"], "description"=>"<p>Distance between consecutive locations for 16 mallards on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, during different periods of the day; <i>dawn</i>  =  first light to sunrise (close to two hours duration), <i>day</i>  =  sunrise to sunset (7–9 hours), <i>dusk</i>  =  sunset to last light (close to two hours duration), and <i>night</i>  =  last light to first light (11–13 hours).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "locations", "16", "mallards", "october", "december", "periods", "sunrise", "hours", "sunset"], "article_id"=>1087048, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distance_between_consecutive_locations_for_16_mallards_on_southern_land_Sweden_October_December_2010_during_different_periods_of_the_day_dawn__first_light_to_sunrise_close_to_two_hours_duration_day__sunrise_to_sunset_7_9_hours_dusk__sunset_to_last_light_/1087048", "title"=>"Distance between consecutive locations for 16 mallards on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, during different periods of the day; <i>dawn</i>  =  first light to sunrise (close to two hours duration), <i>day</i>  =  sunrise to sunset (7–9 hours), <i>dusk</i>  =  sunset to last light (close to two hours duration), and <i>night</i>  =  last light to first light (11–13 hours).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570204"], "description"=>"<p>Percentage of time spent by mallards in different habitats (all individuals, with standard deviation bars) on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "spent", "mallards", "habitats", "deviation", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087046, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_time_spent_by_mallards_in_different_habitats_all_individuals_with_standard_deviation_bars_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087046", "title"=>"Percentage of time spent by mallards in different habitats (all individuals, with standard deviation bars) on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570199"], "description"=>"<p>Fixes from flying birds (speed >4 m/s) are excluded.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "mallard", "gps", "fixes", "individuals", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087043, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_distribution_of_mallard_GPS_fixes_white_dots_all_individuals_pooled_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087043", "title"=>"Spatial distribution of mallard GPS fixes (white dots, all individuals pooled) on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570215"], "description"=>"<p>The table shows the selection ratios when considering the habitat as a ten-level factor (wet habitats are divided in subcategories). The habitats are ordered from the most (top) to the least preferred habitat (bottom).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "ratios", "home-range", "averaged", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december", "respective"], "article_id"=>1087057, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Selection_ratios_w_i_at_the_home_range_level_averaged_over_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_land_Sweden_October_December_2010_with_respective_95_confidence_interval_CI_lower_and_upper_limits_/1087057", "title"=>"Selection ratios (<i>w<sub>i</sub></i>) at the home-range level, averaged over 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010, with respective 95% confidence interval (CI) lower and upper limits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570214"], "description"=>"<p>Habitat use time-budgets (in %) from last light to first light for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "time-budgets", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087056, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Habitat_use_time_budgets_in_from_last_light_to_first_light_for_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087056", "title"=>"Habitat use time-budgets (in %) from last light to first light for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570212"], "description"=>"<p>(Further examples exist, especially for breeding birds, but our aim here is to show a representative variation.).</p><p>*Mean values not published.</p><p>**This mean value does not include foraging areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "published", "home-range", "sizes", "mallards"], "article_id"=>1087054, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Previously_published_home_range_sizes_for_mallards_in_comparison_to_the_present_study_/1087054", "title"=>"Previously published home-range sizes for mallards in comparison to the present study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570209"], "description"=>"<p>Total habitat use time-budgets (in %), home-range size (100% MCP; in ha), and number of GPS fixes for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "time-budgets", "home-range", "gps", "fixes", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087051, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Total_habitat_use_time_budgets_in_home_range_size_100_MCP_in_ha_and_number_of_GPS_fixes_for_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087051", "title"=>"Total habitat use time-budgets (in %), home-range size (100% MCP; in ha), and number of GPS fixes for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570208"], "description"=>"<p>Habitat use time-budgets (in %) from sunrise to sunset for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "time-budgets", "sunrise", "sunset", "16", "mallards", "studied", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087050, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Habitat_use_time_budgets_in_from_sunrise_to_sunset_for_16_mallards_studied_on_southern_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087050", "title"=>"Habitat use time-budgets (in %) from sunrise to sunset for 16 mallards studied on southern Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1570203"], "description"=>"<p>A (no. 1463): Orange ovals  =  coastal meadows; yellow ovals  =  maize fields; red ovals  =  flooded areas; blue ovals  =  coastal day-roosts (the upper is a sheltered bay, the lower is open water); green ovals  =  coastal reefs used as day-roosts; grey circle  =  duck trap location. B (no. 1426): Yellow oval (1)  =  maize field visited during dawn and dusk; red ovals (2)  =  various small (flooded) wetlands on alvar steppe (the upper one reaching into a maize field), visited at night; green oval (3)  =  coastal reef used as day-roost. C (no. 1440): Yellow oval (1)  =  two maize fields frequently visited, mostly during dawn and dusk; red oval (2)  =  flooded area (stream) visited most nights; light purple oval (3)  =  flooded pasture visited during two consecutive nights (probably for feeding); blue oval (4)  =  most frequented day-roost.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "Avian biology", "mallard", "movements", "sites", "october", "december"], "article_id"=>1087045, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Daniel Bengtsson", "Alexis Avril", "Gunnar Gunnarsson", "Johan Elmberg", "Pär Söderquist", "Gabriel Norevik", "Conny Tolf", "Kamran Safi", "Wolfgang Fiedler", "Martin Wikelski", "Björn Olsen", "Jonas Waldenström"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100764.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_of_typical_mallard_movements_between_frequently_used_sites_on_southeast_214_land_Sweden_October_8211_December_2010_/1087045", "title"=>"Example of typical mallard movements between frequently used sites on southeast Öland, Sweden, October – December 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-27 02:54:03"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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