Overfishing and the Replacement of Demersal Finfish by Shellfish: An Example from the English Channel
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{"title"=>"Overfishing and the replacement of demersal finfish by shellfish: An example from the english channel", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Carlotta", "last_name"=>"Molfese", "scopus_author_id"=>"56270234300"}, {"first_name"=>"Doug", "last_name"=>"Beare", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003653718"}, {"first_name"=>"Jason M.", "last_name"=>"Hall-Spencer", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603382752"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84904268041", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0101506", "pui"=>"373524453", "pmid"=>"25010196", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904268041", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"6aaaf769-f2e1-3144-98af-f21989d7435c", "abstract"=>"The worldwide depletion of major fish stocks through intensive industrial fishing is thought to have profoundly altered the trophic structure of marine ecosystems. Here we assess changes in the trophic structure of the English Channel marine ecosystem using a 90-year time-series (1920-2010) of commercial fishery landings. Our analysis was based on estimates of the mean trophic level (mTL) of annual landings and the Fishing-in-Balance index (FiB). Food webs of the Channel ecosystem have been altered, as shown by a significant decline in the mTL of fishery landings whilst increases in the FiB index suggest increased fishing effort and fishery expansion. Large, high trophic level species (e.g. spurdog, cod, ling) have been increasingly replaced by smaller, low trophic level fish (e.g. small spotted catsharks) and invertebrates (e.g. scallops, crabs and lobster). Declining trophic levels in fisheries catches have occurred worldwide, with fish catches progressively being replaced by invertebrates. We argue that a network of fisheries closures would help rebalance the trophic status of the Channel and allow regeneration of marine ecosystems.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/overfishing-replacement-demersal-finfish-shellfish-example-english-channel", "reader_count"=>57, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Turkey"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Croatia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588490"], "description"=>"<p>Analysis excludes pelagic species. (A) Annual landings from the English Channel. (B) Changes in the mTL over time. (C) Changes in the FiB index over time. The blue dashed line is a smoothing function, “supsmu” <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506-Friedman1\" target=\"_blank\">[50]</a> available as standard with the R software package <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506-R1\" target=\"_blank\">[51]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "english", "mtl", "fib"], "article_id"=>1100000, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ICES_data_for_the_English_Channel_on_landings_mTL_and_FiB_index_for_1920_8211_2010_/1100000", "title"=>"ICES data for the English Channel on landings, mTL and FiB index for 1920–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588514"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Atlantic cod, (B) Ling, (C) European hake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "landings", "gadoid"], "article_id"=>1100012, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_landings_of_selected_gadoid_species_/1100012", "title"=>"Annual landings of selected gadoid species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588510"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Spurdog, (B) Tope shark, and (C) Small-spotted catshark.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "landings", "elasmobranch"], "article_id"=>1100008, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_landings_of_selected_elasmobranch_species_/1100008", "title"=>"Annual landings of selected elasmobranch species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588500"], "description"=>"<p>Species grouped into ISSCAAP categories.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "english"], "article_id"=>1100003, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_ICES_data_on_changes_in_catch_composition_for_the_English_Channel_1920_8211_2010_/1100003", "title"=>"ICES data on changes in catch composition for the English Channel 1920–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588522"], "description"=>"<p>nei: not elsewhere included.</p>a<p>Figure represent the mean TL value of known species belonging to that taxonomic group within UK waters. Species included were obtained from the UK Fisheries Statistics list <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506-Marine1\" target=\"_blank\">[37]</a>, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "included", "respective", "trophic"], "article_id"=>1100020, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Finfish_species_included_in_our_analysis_with_respective_trophic_levels_TL_/1100020", "title"=>"Finfish species included in our analysis with respective trophic levels (TL).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588519"], "description"=>"<p>Granger causality testes at lag 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "causality", "testes", "lag"], "article_id"=>1100017, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Granger_causality_testes_at_lag_1_/1100017", "title"=>"Granger causality testes at lag 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588518"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Edible crab, (B) European lobster and (C) Great Atlantic scallop.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "landings", "shellfish"], "article_id"=>1100016, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Annual_landings_of_selected_shellfish_species_/1100016", "title"=>"Annual landings of selected shellfish species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588482"], "description"=>"<p>Data sourced from MMO and France AgriMer. Pie charts show the proportions of fish and shellfish landed by the UK and French fishing fleets for the period 1920–1930 and 2000–2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "english", "ports", "landings", "ices", "areas", "viie"], "article_id"=>1099993, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>101, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Major_English_Channel_fishing_ports_by_landings_value_in_2010_ICES_areas_VIIe_and_VIId_/1099993", "title"=>"Major English Channel fishing ports by landings value in 2010, ICES areas VIIe and VIId.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588525", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588526", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588528", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588530"], "description"=>"<div><p>The worldwide depletion of major fish stocks through intensive industrial fishing is thought to have profoundly altered the trophic structure of marine ecosystems. Here we assess changes in the trophic structure of the English Channel marine ecosystem using a 90-year time-series (1920–2010) of commercial fishery landings. Our analysis was based on estimates of the mean trophic level (mTL) of annual landings and the Fishing-in-Balance index (FiB). Food webs of the Channel ecosystem have been altered, as shown by a significant decline in the mTL of fishery landings whilst increases in the FiB index suggest increased fishing effort and fishery expansion. Large, high trophic level species (e.g. spurdog, cod, ling) have been increasingly replaced by smaller, low trophic level fish (e.g. small spotted catsharks) and invertebrates (e.g. scallops, crabs and lobster). Declining trophic levels in fisheries catches have occurred worldwide, with fish catches progressively being replaced by invertebrates. We argue that a network of fisheries closures would help rebalance the trophic status of the Channel and allow regeneration of marine ecosystems.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "demersal", "finfish", "english"], "article_id"=>1100024, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overfishing_and_the_Replacement_of_Demersal_Finfish_by_Shellfish_An_Example_from_the_English_Channel_/1100024", "title"=>"Overfishing and the Replacement of Demersal Finfish by Shellfish: An Example from the English Channel", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588521"], "description"=>"<p>nei: not elsewhere included.</p>a<p>Figure represent the mean TL value of known species belonging to that taxonomic group within UK waters. Species included were obtained from the UK Fisheries Statistics list <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506-Marine1\" target=\"_blank\">[37]</a>, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506#pone.0101506.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Table S2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "included", "respective", "trophic"], "article_id"=>1100019, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Invertebrate_species_included_in_our_analysis_with_respective_trophic_levels_TL_/1100019", "title"=>"Invertebrate species included in our analysis with respective trophic levels (TL).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1588520"], "description"=>"<p>Instances of “Fishing Down Marine Food Web” across the globe, showing rates of decline in mean trophic level (mTL).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "biodiversity", "Marine biology", "Fisheries science", "Marine conservation", "Marine ecology", "Community Ecology", "community structure", "Food web structure", "rates", "trophic"], "article_id"=>1100018, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlotta Molfese", "Doug Beare", "Jason M. Hall-Spencer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101506.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Instances_of_8220_Fishing_Down_Marine_Food_Web_8221_across_the_globe_showing_rates_of_decline_in_mean_trophic_level_mTL_/1100018", "title"=>"Instances of “Fishing Down Marine Food Web” across the globe, showing rates of decline in mean trophic level (mTL).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-10 03:39:41"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[331]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[313]}]}
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