Carbohydrate-Free Peach (Prunus persica) and Plum (Prunus domestica) Juice Affects Fecal Microbial Ecology in an Obese Animal Model
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{"title"=>"Carbohydrate-free peach (Prunus persica) and plum (Prunus domestica) juice affects fecal microbial ecology in an obese animal model", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Giuliana D.", "last_name"=>"Noratto", "scopus_author_id"=>"14043848200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jose F.", "last_name"=>"Garcia-Mazcorro", "scopus_author_id"=>"35306938800"}, {"first_name"=>"Melissa", "last_name"=>"Markel", "scopus_author_id"=>"55068061400"}, {"first_name"=>"Hercia S.", "last_name"=>"Martino", "scopus_author_id"=>"22941245300"}, {"first_name"=>"Yasushi", "last_name"=>"Minamoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"55069367900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jörg M.", "last_name"=>"Steiner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201651899"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Byrne", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202835493"}, {"first_name"=>"Jan S.", "last_name"=>"Suchodolski", "scopus_author_id"=>"56705769700"}, {"first_name"=>"Susanne U.", "last_name"=>"Mertens-Talcott", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507067511"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373496444", "sgr"=>"84904052555", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"25007331", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904052555", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0101723", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"b6dc8ee2-9169-3c8d-963e-aaec365b0f9a", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows the potential of nutritional interventions to treat obesity but most investigations have utilized non-digestible carbohydrates only. Peach and plum contain high amounts of polyphenols, compounds with demonstrated anti-obesity effects. The underlying process of successfully treating obesity using polyphenols may involve an alteration of the intestinal microbiota. However, this phenomenon is not well understood.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Obese Zucker rats were assigned to three groups (peach, plum, and control, n = 10 each), wild-type group was named lean (n = 10). Carbohydrates in the fruit juices were eliminated using enzymatic hydrolysis. Fecal samples were obtained after 11 weeks of fruit or control juice administration. Real-time PCR and 454-pyrosequencing were used to evaluate changes in fecal microbiota. Over 1,500 different Operational Taxonomic Units at 97% similarity were detected in all rats. Several bacterial groups (e.g. Lactobacillus and members of Ruminococcacea) were found to be more abundant in the peach but especially in the plum group (plum juice contained 3 times more total polyphenolics compared to peach juice). Principal coordinate analysis based on Unifrac-based unweighted distance matrices revealed a distinct separation between the microbiota of control and treatment groups. These changes in fecal microbiota occurred simultaneously with differences in fecal short-chain acids concentrations between the control and treatment groups as well as a significant decrease in body weight in the plum group.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that consumption of carbohydrate-free peach and plum juice has the potential to modify fecal microbial ecology in an obese animal model. The separate contribution of polyphenols and non-polyphenols compounds (vitamins and minerals) to the observed changes is unknown.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/carbohydratefree-peach-prunus-persica-plum-prunus-domestica-juice-affects-fecal-microbial-ecology-ob", "reader_count"=>29, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Chemistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585706"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represent median percentage of sequences. The y axis (percentage of sequences) was modified to also show the low abundant phyla.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "fecal", "microbiota", "peach", "plum", "groups", "phylum"], "article_id"=>1097869, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Composition_of_fecal_microbiota_in_the_control_n_8202_8202_4_peach_n_8202_8202_4_and_plum_n_8202_8202_4_groups_at_the_phylum_level_/1097869", "title"=>"Composition of fecal microbiota in the control (n = 4), peach (n = 4) and plum (n = 4) groups at the phylum level.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585707"], "description"=>"<p>Colors represent differences in relative abundance within samples (red: higher; white: median; blue: lower).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "abundant", "operational", "taxonomic", "units", "500", "peach", "plum"], "article_id"=>1097870, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heat_map_showing_the_most_abundant_operational_taxonomic_units_OTUs_at_least_500_total_in_the_control_n_8202_8202_4_peach_n_8202_8202_4_and_plum_n_8202_8202_4_groups_/1097870", "title"=>"Heat map showing the most abundant operational taxonomic units (OTUs, at least 500 total) in the control (n = 4), peach (n = 4) and plum (n = 4) groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585709"], "description"=>"<p>Lines denote the average of each group; error bars represent the standard deviation. This analysis was carried out using a randomly selected 2489 sequences per sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "16s", "rrna", "sequences", "fecal"], "article_id"=>1097872, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rarefaction_plots_of_16S_rRNA_gene_sequences_obtained_from_fecal_samples_/1097872", "title"=>"Rarefaction plots of 16S rRNA gene sequences obtained from fecal samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585710"], "description"=>"<p>The plots show each combination of the first three principal coordinates. Red (square): control; orange (circle): plum; blue (upright triangle): peach.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "unweighted", "unifrac"], "article_id"=>1097873, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_Coordinate_Analysis_PCoA_plots_of_the_unweighted_Unifrac_distance_matrix_/1097873", "title"=>"Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) plots of the unweighted Unifrac distance matrix.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585711"], "description"=>"<p>The colors represent different jackknife support: red (75–100% support); yellow (50–75%); green (25–50%); blue (<25% support). The bar represents community dissimilarity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "hierarchical", "clustering", "unweighted", "unifrac"], "article_id"=>1097874, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UPGMA_hierarchical_clustering_using_the_unweighted_Unifrac_distance_matrix_/1097874", "title"=>"UPGMA hierarchical clustering using the unweighted Unifrac distance matrix.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585712"], "description"=>"<p>These estimates are based on 2489-sequences subsamples.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "indices", "bacterial", "weaver", "chao1", "richness", "fecal", "samples", "peach", "plum", "non-parametric"], "article_id"=>1097875, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_minimum_maximum_indices_of_bacterial_diversity_Shannon_Weaver_and_Chao1_3_and_richness_OTUs_3_obtained_from_fecal_samples_of_the_control_peach_and_plum_groups_P_values_come_from_the_non_parametric_Kruskal_Wallis_/1097875", "title"=>"Median (minimum-maximum) indices of bacterial diversity (Shannon Weaver and Chao1 3%) and richness (OTUs 3%) obtained from fecal samples of the control, peach and plum groups. <i>P</i> values come from the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585713"], "description"=>"<p>Oligonucleotides used in this study for qPCR analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "qpcr"], "article_id"=>1097876, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Oligonucleotides_used_in_this_study_for_qPCR_analysis_/1097876", "title"=>"Oligonucleotides used in this study for qPCR analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585715", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585716", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585717", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585718", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585719", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585720", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585721", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1585722"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Growing evidence shows the potential of nutritional interventions to treat obesity but most investigations have utilized non-digestible carbohydrates only. Peach and plum contain high amounts of polyphenols, compounds with demonstrated anti-obesity effects. The underlying process of successfully treating obesity using polyphenols may involve an alteration of the intestinal microbiota. However, this phenomenon is not well understood.</p><p>Methodology/Principal Findings</p><p>Obese Zucker rats were assigned to three groups (peach, plum, and control, n = 10 each), wild-type group was named lean (n = 10). Carbohydrates in the fruit juices were eliminated using enzymatic hydrolysis. Fecal samples were obtained after 11 weeks of fruit or control juice administration. Real-time PCR and 454-pyrosequencing were used to evaluate changes in fecal microbiota. Over 1,500 different Operational Taxonomic Units at 97% similarity were detected in all rats. Several bacterial groups (e.g. <i>Lactobacillus</i> and members of Ruminococcacea) were found to be more abundant in the peach but especially in the plum group (plum juice contained 3 times more total polyphenolics compared to peach juice). Principal coordinate analysis based on Unifrac-based unweighted distance matrices revealed a distinct separation between the microbiota of control and treatment groups. These changes in fecal microbiota occurred simultaneously with differences in fecal short-chain acids concentrations between the control and treatment groups as well as a significant decrease in body weight in the plum group.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>This study suggests that consumption of carbohydrate-free peach and plum juice has the potential to modify fecal microbial ecology in an obese animal model. The separate contribution of polyphenols and non-polyphenols compounds (vitamins and minerals) to the observed changes is unknown.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics", "genomics", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary microbiology", "carbohydrate-free", "peach", "plum", "fecal", "microbial", "ecology", "obese"], "article_id"=>1097878, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Giuliana D. Noratto", "Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro", "Melissa Markel", "Hercia S. Martino", "Yasushi Minamoto", "Jörg M. Steiner", "David Byrne", "Jan S. Suchodolski", "Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101723.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Carbohydrate_Free_Peach_Prunus_persica_and_Plum_Prunus_domestica_Juice_Affects_Fecal_Microbial_Ecology_in_an_Obese_Animal_Model/1097878", "title"=>"Carbohydrate-Free Peach (<i>Prunus persica</i>) and Plum (<i>Prunus domestica</i>) Juice Affects Fecal Microbial Ecology in an Obese Animal Model", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-07-09 02:56:42"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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