A General Model of Distant Hybridization Reveals the Conditions for Extinction in Atlantic Salmon and Brown Trout
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{"title"=>"A general model of distant hybridization reveals the conditions for extinction in Atlantic salmon and brown trout", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Claudio S.", "last_name"=>"Quilodrán", "scopus_author_id"=>"55597339400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mathias", "last_name"=>"Currat", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507303401"}, {"first_name"=>"Juan I.", "last_name"=>"Montoya-Burgos", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603658831"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25003336", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0101736", "pui"=>"373472054", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84903887718", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903887718"}, "id"=>"ed57b48b-2b93-3bda-a377-1ce2f889b6c2", "abstract"=>"Interspecific hybridization is common in nature but can be increased in frequency or even originated by human actions, such as species introduction or habitat modification, which may threaten species persistence. When hybridization occurs between distantly related species, referred to as \"distant hybridization,\" the resulting hybrids are generally infertile or fertile but do not undergo chromosomal recombination during gametogenesis. Here, we present a model describing this frequent but poorly studied interspecific hybridization to assess its consequences on parental species and to anticipate the conditions under which they can reach extinction. Our general model fully incorporates three important processes: density-dependent competition, dominance/recessivity inheritance of traits and assortative mating. We demonstrate its use and flexibility by assessing population extinction risk between Atlantic salmon and brown trout in Norway, whose interbreeding has recently increased due to farmed fish releases into the wild. We identified the set of conditions under which hybridization may threaten salmonid species. Thanks to the flexibility of our model, we evaluated the effect of an additional risk factor, a parasitic disease, and showed that the cumulative effects dramatically increase the extinction risk. The consequences of distant hybridization are not genetically, but demographically mediated. Our general model is useful to better comprehend the evolution of such hybrid systems and we demonstrated its importance in the field of conservation biology to set up management recommendations when this increasingly frequent type of hybridization is in action.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/general-model-distant-hybridization-reveals-conditions-extinction-atlantic-salmon-brown-trout", "reader_count"=>18, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584435"], "description"=>"<p>The diagonal solid lines represent equal interbreeding success rates between Atlantic salmon () and brown trout (). Black or white dotted lines delimit the extinction area of Atlantic salmon and brown trout population, respectively. <i>ω<sub>S</sub> = ω<sub>T</sub></i> indicates equal fitness for Atlantic salmon (<i>ω<sub>S</sub></i> = 1) and brown trout. <i>ω<sub>S</sub><ω<sub>T</sub></i> indicates that Atlantic salmon has a 20% fitness reduction (<i>ω<sub>S</sub></i> = 0.8). <i>ω<sub>S</sub><<ω<sub>T</sub></i> indicates that Atlantic salmon has a 40% fitness reduction (<i>ω<sub>S</sub></i> = 0.6). In a), c), and e), Atlantic salmon and brown trout do not compete. In b), d), and f), Atlantic salmon and brown trout have density-dependent competition. The data presented correspond to the situation after 100 time steps (years).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "abundance", "atlantic", "compared", "trout"], "article_id"=>1096801, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_abundance_of_Atlantic_salmon_as_compared_to_brown_trout_/1096801", "title"=>"Relative abundance of Atlantic salmon (%) as compared to brown trout ().", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584437"], "description"=>"<p>The abundance is given in percent of the total number of salmonids (). Brown trout are resistant to disease (<i>ω<sub>T</sub></i> = 1) and are not in competition with Atlantic salmon. (<b>▪</b>) <i>R</i> = 3; (<b>▪</b>) <i>R</i> = 6; (<b>▪</b>) <i>R</i> = 12. In a) effects of varying yet symmetric interbreeding success rate (); the trout disease resistance is inherited with the following properties: (—) dominantly in hybrids (ε<i><sub>T½</sub></i> = 1 and ε<i><sub>½ ⅔</sub></i> = 1); (…) recessively in hybrids (ε<i><sub>T ½</sub></i> = 0 and ε<i><sub>½ ⅔</sub></i> = 1); and (– –) codominantly in hybrids (ε<i><sub>T ½</sub></i> = 0.5 and ε<i><sub>½ ⅔</sub></i> = 0.5). In b) time series of the relative abundance of Atlantic salmon (—) and hybrid populations (…) ((<i>N<sub>½</sub></i>+<i>N<sub>⅔</sub></i>)/(<i>N<sub>0</sub></i>+<i>N<sub>1</sub></i>+<i>N<sub>½</sub></i>+<i>N<sub>⅔</sub></i>)). The data presented correspond to the situation after 100 time steps (years).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "abundance", "atlantic", "affected"], "article_id"=>1096803, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_abundance_of_a_population_of_Atlantic_salmon_affected_by_a_disease_S__0_6_/1096803", "title"=>"Relative abundance of a population of Atlantic salmon affected by a disease (<i>ω<sub>S</sub></i> = 0.6).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584506", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584507", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584546", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584547", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584549"], "description"=>"<div><p>Interspecific hybridization is common in nature but can be increased in frequency or even originated by human actions, such as species introduction or habitat modification, which may threaten species persistence. When hybridization occurs between distantly related species, referred to as “distant hybridization,” the resulting hybrids are generally infertile or fertile but do not undergo chromosomal recombination during gametogenesis. Here, we present a model describing this frequent but poorly studied interspecific hybridization to assess its consequences on parental species and to anticipate the conditions under which they can reach extinction. Our general model fully incorporates three important processes: density-dependent competition, dominance/recessivity inheritance of traits and assortative mating. We demonstrate its use and flexibility by assessing population extinction risk between Atlantic salmon and brown trout in Norway, whose interbreeding has recently increased due to farmed fish releases into the wild. We identified the set of conditions under which hybridization may threaten salmonid species. Thanks to the flexibility of our model, we evaluated the effect of an additional risk factor, a parasitic disease, and showed that the cumulative effects dramatically increase the extinction risk. The consequences of distant hybridization are not genetically, but demographically mediated. Our general model is useful to better comprehend the evolution of such hybrid systems and we demonstrated its importance in the field of conservation biology to set up management recommendations when this increasingly frequent type of hybridization is in action.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "hybridization", "reveals", "extinction", "atlantic"], "article_id"=>1096868, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_General_Model_of_Distant_Hybridization_Reveals_the_Conditions_for_Extinction_in_Atlantic_Salmon_and_Brown_Trout_/1096868", "title"=>"A General Model of Distant Hybridization Reveals the Conditions for Extinction in Atlantic Salmon and Brown Trout", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584442"], "description"=>"<p>When <i>R</i>≥8, Atlantic salmons are not threatened; when <i>R</i>>15, then salmon density starts to be chaotic.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "diagram", "atlantic"], "article_id"=>1096807, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bifurcation_diagram_of_the_effect_of_growth_rate_R_on_the_Atlantic_salmon_relative_abundance_/1096807", "title"=>"Bifurcation diagram of the effect of growth rate (<i>R</i>) on the Atlantic salmon relative abundance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584443"], "description"=>"<p>*Fixed value for: <sup>a</sup><i>γ<sub>½S</sub></i>, <i>γ<sub>½T</sub></i>, <i>γ<sub>⅔S</sub></i>, <i>γ<sub>⅔T</sub></i>, <i>γ<sub>½⅔</sub>, γ<sub>⅔½</sub></i>; <sup>b</sup><i>ω<sub>T</sub></i>; <sup>c</sup><i>ε<sub>S½</sub></i>, <i>ε<sub>T½</sub></i>, <i>ε<sub>S⅔</sub></i>, <i>ε<sub>½⅔</sub></i>.</p>†<p>[Initial size: <i>N<sub>T</sub></i> = <i>N<sub>S</sub></i> = 50; <i>N</i><sub>½</sub> = <i>N</i><sub>⅔</sub> = 0].</p>‡<p>[see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736#pone.0101736.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "functions"], "article_id"=>1096808, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_functions_and_parameters_with_the_case_study_values_/1096808", "title"=>"List of functions and parameters with the case study values.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1584428"], "description"=>"<p>Straight and curve arrows represent heterotypic and homotypic mating, respectively. SS = Atlantic salmon; TT = brown trout; ST = first-generation hybrid; SST = second-generation hybrid (triploids). The cross symbol (†) means that mating leads to inviable offspring. Other crosses that produce high level of mortality at hatching (>95%) and malformations in the remaining offspring are not shown (see text).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "Population modeling", "ecology", "Evolutionary ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "Population ecology", "theoretical ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "Species extinction", "population genetics", "Population biology", "Conservation science", "mating", "pairs"], "article_id"=>1096794, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Claudio S. Quilodrán", "Mathias Currat", "Juan I. Montoya-Burgos"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101736.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fertile_mating_pairs_of_the_case_study_/1096794", "title"=>"Fertile mating pairs of the case study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-08 03:07:43"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences", "average_usage"=>[320]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Conservation science", "average_usage"=>[419, 667]}]}
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