From Bacteria to Piscivorous Fish: Estimates of Whole-Lake and Component-Specific Metabolism with an Ecosystem Approach
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{"title"=>"From bacteria to piscivorous fish: Estimates of whole-lake and component-specific metabolism with an ecosystem approach", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fabien", "last_name"=>"Cremona", "scopus_author_id"=>"24340553900"}, {"first_name"=>"Toomas", "last_name"=>"Kõiv", "scopus_author_id"=>"8723790000"}, {"first_name"=>"Veljo", "last_name"=>"Kisand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004348076"}, {"first_name"=>"Alo", "last_name"=>"Laas", "scopus_author_id"=>"8319628700"}, {"first_name"=>"Priit", "last_name"=>"Zingel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507123262"}, {"first_name"=>"Helen", "last_name"=>"Agasild", "scopus_author_id"=>"15836838700"}, {"first_name"=>"Tõnu", "last_name"=>"Feldmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"16303457900"}, {"first_name"=>"Ain", "last_name"=>"Järvalt", "scopus_author_id"=>"56266815100"}, {"first_name"=>"Peeter", "last_name"=>"Nõges", "scopus_author_id"=>"8691365600"}, {"first_name"=>"Tiina", "last_name"=>"Nõges", "scopus_author_id"=>"55897417200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904212353", "sgr"=>"84904212353", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0101845", "pmid"=>"25014117", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"373518455"}, "id"=>"2d25555a-d778-3f99-9b17-a51b7fed9be1", "abstract"=>"The influence of functional group specific production and respiration patterns on a lake's metabolic balance remains poorly investigated to date compared to whole-system estimates of metabolism. We employed a summed component ecosystem approach for assessing lake-wide and functional group-specific metabolism (gross primary production (GPP) and respiration (R)) in shallow and eutrophic Lake Võrtsjärv in central Estonia during three years. Eleven functional groups were considered: piscivorous and benthivorous fish; phyto-, bacterio-, proto- and metazooplankton; benthic macroinvertebrates, bacteria and ciliates; macrophytes and their associated epiphytes. Metabolism of these groups was assessed by allometric equations coupled with daily records of temperature and hydrology of the lake and measurements of food web functional groups biomass. Results revealed that heterotrophy dominated most of the year, with a short autotrophic period observed in late spring. Most of the metabolism of the lake could be attributed to planktonic functional groups, with phytoplankton contributing the highest share (90% of GPP and 43% of R). A surge of protozooplankton and bacterioplankton populations forming the microbial loop caused the shift from auto- to heterotrophy in midsummer. Conversely, the benthic functional groups had overall a very small contribution to lake metabolism. We validated our ecosystem approach by comparing the GPP and R with those calculated from O2 measurements in the lake. Our findings are also in line with earlier productivity studies made with 14C or chlorophyll a (chl-a) based equations. Ideally, the ecosystem approach should be combined with diel O2 approach for investigating critical periods of metabolism shifts caused by dynamics in food-web processes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/bacteria-piscivorous-fish-estimates-wholelake-componentspecific-metabolism-ecosystem-approach", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Mexico"=>1, "South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589473", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589474"], "description"=>"<div><p>The influence of functional group specific production and respiration patterns on a lake's metabolic balance remains poorly investigated to date compared to whole-system estimates of metabolism. We employed a summed component ecosystem approach for assessing lake-wide and functional group-specific metabolism (gross primary production (GPP) and respiration (R)) in shallow and eutrophic Lake Võrtsjärv in central Estonia during three years. Eleven functional groups were considered: piscivorous and benthivorous fish; phyto-, bacterio-, proto- and metazooplankton; benthic macroinvertebrates, bacteria and ciliates; macrophytes and their associated epiphytes. Metabolism of these groups was assessed by allometric equations coupled with daily records of temperature and hydrology of the lake and measurements of food web functional groups biomass. Results revealed that heterotrophy dominated most of the year, with a short autotrophic period observed in late spring. Most of the metabolism of the lake could be attributed to planktonic functional groups, with phytoplankton contributing the highest share (90% of GPP and 43% of R). A surge of protozooplankton and bacterioplankton populations forming the microbial loop caused the shift from auto- to heterotrophy in midsummer. Conversely, the benthic functional groups had overall a very small contribution to lake metabolism. We validated our ecosystem approach by comparing the GPP and R with those calculated from O<sub>2</sub> measurements in the lake. Our findings are also in line with earlier productivity studies made with <sup>14</sup>C or chlorophyll <i>a</i> (chl-<i>a</i>) based equations. Ideally, the ecosystem approach should be combined with diel O<sub>2</sub> approach for investigating critical periods of metabolism shifts caused by dynamics in food-web processes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "piscivorous", "estimates", "whole-lake", "component-specific", "metabolism"], "article_id"=>1100795, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_From_Bacteria_to_Piscivorous_Fish_Estimates_of_Whole_Lake_and_Component_Specific_Metabolism_with_an_Ecosystem_Approach_/1100795", "title"=>"From Bacteria to Piscivorous Fish: Estimates of Whole-Lake and Component-Specific Metabolism with an Ecosystem Approach", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589446"], "description"=>"<p>Dynamics of lake-wide functional groups biomass (10<sup>3</sup> kg day<sup>−1</sup>) during the 2009–2011 period Biomass values are shown on a logarithm scale for clarity purposes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "lake-wide", "groups", "biomass", "kg", "logarithm", "clarity"], "article_id"=>1100780, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>66, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dynamics_of_lake_wide_functional_groups_biomass_10_3_kg_day_8722_1_during_the_2009_8211_2011_period_Biomass_values_are_shown_on_a_logarithm_scale_for_clarity_purposes_/1100780", "title"=>"Dynamics of lake-wide functional groups biomass (10<sup>3</sup> kg day<sup>−1</sup>) during the 2009–2011 period Biomass values are shown on a logarithm scale for clarity purposes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589472"], "description"=>"<p>*R: respiration rate (pl O<sub>2</sub> cell<sup>−1</sup> h<sup>−1</sup>); V: cell volume (µm<sup>3</sup>). R was then converted into carbon units using a respiration quotient of 1 and a molar volume of 22.4 L at 1 atm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "phytoplankton", "respiration"], "article_id"=>1100794, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Methods_used_for_assessing_phytoplankton_respiration_and_cell_size_/1100794", "title"=>"Methods used for assessing phytoplankton respiration and cell size.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589461"], "description"=>"<p>Parameters are expressed in g C m<sup>−2</sup> day<sup>−1</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "gpp", "calculated", "laas", "et", "ice-free", "seasons"], "article_id"=>1100783, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatter_plot_of_GPP_A_and_R_B_calculated_in_our_study_GPP_lake_R_lake_and_measured_in_Laas_et_al_26_GPP_Laas_R_Laas_from_DO_data_during_the_ice_free_seasons_of_2009_8211_2011_n_8202_8202_480_/1100783", "title"=>"Scatter plot of GPP (A) and R (B) calculated in our study (GPP<sub>lake</sub>, R<sub>lake</sub>) and measured in Laas et al. [26] (GPP<sub>Laas</sub>, R<sub>Laas</sub>) from DO data during the ice-free seasons of 2009–2011 (n = 480).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589462"], "description"=>"<p>Calculated lake-wide respiration (10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>) of plankton functional groups during the 2009–2011 period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "lake-wide", "respiration", "kg", "plankton", "groups"], "article_id"=>1100784, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Calculated_lake_wide_respiration_10_3_kg_C_day_8722_1_of_plankton_functional_groups_during_the_2009_8211_2011_period_/1100784", "title"=>"Calculated lake-wide respiration (10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>) of plankton functional groups during the 2009–2011 period.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589449"], "description"=>"<p>Dynamics of GPP<sub>lake</sub> and R<sub>lake</sub> during the 2009–2011 period calculated with ecosystem approach. Both parameters are expressed in 10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "calculated", "kg"], "article_id"=>1100782, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dynamics_of_GPP_lake_and_R_lake_during_the_2009_8211_2011_period_calculated_with_ecosystem_approach_Both_parameters_are_expressed_in_10_3_kg_C_day_8722_1_/1100782", "title"=>"Dynamics of GPP<sub>lake</sub> and R<sub>lake</sub> during the 2009–2011 period calculated with ecosystem approach. Both parameters are expressed in 10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1589464"], "description"=>"<p>Calculated lake-wide respiration (10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>) of benthic functional groups during the 2009–2011 period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Freshwater ecology", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Limnology", "lake-wide", "respiration", "kg", "benthic", "groups"], "article_id"=>1100787, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fabien Cremona", "Toomas Kõiv", "Veljo Kisand", "Alo Laas", "Priit Zingel", "Helen Agasild", "Tõnu Feldmann", "Ain Järvalt", "Peeter Nõges", "Tiina Nõges"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101845.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Calculated_lake_wide_respiration_10_3_kg_C_day_8722_1_of_benthic_functional_groups_during_the_2009_8211_2011_period_/1100787", "title"=>"Calculated lake-wide respiration (10<sup>3</sup> kg C day<sup>−1</sup>) of benthic functional groups during the 2009–2011 period.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-11 03:01:58"}

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Relative Metric

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