Long-Term Health Effects of Neutering Dogs: Comparison of Labrador Retrievers with Golden Retrievers
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{"title"=>"Long-term health effects of neutering dogs: Comparison of labrador retrievers with golden retrievers", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Benjamin L.", "last_name"=>"Hart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202432687"}, {"first_name"=>"Lynette A.", "last_name"=>"Hart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201500423"}, {"first_name"=>"Abigail P.", "last_name"=>"Thigpen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56269796800"}, {"first_name"=>"Neil H.", "last_name"=>"Willits", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003682193"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373524779", "sgr"=>"84904257088", "pmid"=>"25020045", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904257088", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0102241", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"9c10837d-35d3-3622-bd65-f75656942ff8", "abstract"=>"Our recent study on the effects of neutering (including spaying) in Golden Retrievers in markedly increasing the incidence of two joint disorders and three cancers prompted this study and a comparison of Golden and Labrador Retrievers. Veterinary hospital records were examined over a 13-year period for the effects of neutering during specified age ranges: before 6 mo., and during 6-11 mo., year 1 or years 2 through 8. The joint disorders examined were hip dysplasia, cranial cruciate ligament tear and elbow dysplasia. The cancers examined were lymphosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, mast cell tumor, and mammary cancer. The results for the Golden Retriever were similar to the previous study, but there were notable differences between breeds. In Labrador Retrievers, where about 5 percent of gonadally intact males and females had one or more joint disorders, neutering at <6 mo. doubled the incidence of one or more joint disorders in both sexes. In male and female Golden Retrievers, with the same 5 percent rate of joint disorders in intact dogs, neutering at <6 mo. increased the incidence of a joint disorder to 4-5 times that of intact dogs. The incidence of one or more cancers in female Labrador Retrievers increased slightly above the 3 percent level of intact females with neutering. In contrast, in female Golden Retrievers, with the same 3 percent rate of one or more cancers in intact females, neutering at all periods through 8 years of age increased the rate of at least one of the cancers by 3-4 times. In male Golden and Labrador Retrievers neutering had relatively minor effects in increasing the occurrence of cancers. Comparisons of cancers in the two breeds suggest that the occurrence of cancers in female Golden Retrievers is a reflection of particular vulnerability to gonadal hormone removal.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/longterm-health-effects-neutering-dogs-comparison-labrador-retrievers-golden-retrievers", "reader_count"=>137, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>18, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>17, "Student > Bachelor"=>18, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>15, "Librarian"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>18, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>17, "Student > Bachelor"=>18, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Philosophy"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>58, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>28, "Design"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>28}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>58}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591367"], "description"=>"<p>The occurrences in intact males and females for the same measure are shown by the horizontal lines. The asterisks indicate significance from the intact level, and the abbreviations reveal the joint disorders contributing to the dots when significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "occurrence", "retrievers", "labrador"], "article_id"=>1102518, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidence_of_the_occurrence_of_at_least_one_joint_disorder_in_male_and_female_Golden_Retrievers_top_and_Labrador_Retrievers_bottom_as_a_function_of_age_at_neutering_/1102518", "title"=>"Incidence of the occurrence of at least one joint disorder in male and female Golden Retrievers (top) and Labrador Retrievers (bottom), as a function of age at neutering.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591372"], "description"=>"<p>The occurrences in intact males and females for the same measures are shown by the horizontal lines. The asterisks indicate significance from the intact level, and the abbreviations reveal the cancers contributing to the dots when significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "occurrence", "cancer", "retrievers", "labrador"], "article_id"=>1102521, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Incidence_of_the_occurrence_of_at_least_one_cancer_in_male_and_female_Golden_Retrievers_top_and_Labrador_Retrievers_bottom_as_a_function_of_age_at_neutering_/1102521", "title"=>"Incidence of the occurrence of at least one cancer in male and female Golden Retrievers (top) and Labrador Retrievers (bottom), as a function of age at neutering.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591373"], "description"=>"<p>For ages 1 through 8 years, for each neuter period, the joint disorders are: hip dysplasia (HD), cranial cruciate ligament tear or rupture (CCL), and elbow dysplasia (ED). Shown are number of cases over number in the pool, with percentages given in parentheses. When bolded the incidence is significantly above that of intact dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "retriever", "males"], "article_id"=>1102522, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Labrador_Retriever_males_and_females_joint_disorders_/1102522", "title"=>"Labrador Retriever males and females, joint disorders.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591374"], "description"=>"<p>For ages 1 through 8 years, for each neuter period, the cancers are: lymphosarcoma (LSA), mast cell tumor (MCT), and hemangiosarcoma (HSA). Shown are number of cases over number in the pool, with percentages given in parentheses. When bolded the incidence is significantly above that of intact dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "retriever", "males"], "article_id"=>1102523, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Labrador_Retriever_males_and_females_cancers_/1102523", "title"=>"Labrador Retriever males and females, cancers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591375"], "description"=>"<p>For ages 1 through 8 years, for each neuter period, the joint disorders are: hip dysplasia (HD), cranial cruciate ligament tear or rupture (CCL), and elbow dysplasia (ED). Shown are number of cases over number in the pool, with percentages given in parentheses. When bolded the incidence is significantly above that of intact dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "retriever", "males"], "article_id"=>1102524, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Golden_Retriever_males_and_females_joint_disorders_/1102524", "title"=>"Golden Retriever males and females, joint disorders.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591376"], "description"=>"<p>For ages 1 through 8 years, for each neuter period, the cancers are: lymphosarcoma (LSA), mast cell tumor (MCT), and hemangiosarcoma (HSA). Shown are number of cases over number in the pool, with percentages given in parentheses. When bolded the incidence is significantly above that of intact dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "retriever", "males"], "article_id"=>1102525, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Golden_Retriever_males_and_females_cancers_/1102525", "title"=>"Golden Retriever males and females, cancers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1591377"], "description"=>"<p>Categories used in determining diagnosis for joint disorders and cancers of interest in Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers (1–8 years old) admitted to the Veterinary Medical Hospital, University of California, Davis, from 2000–2012.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["developmental biology", "physiology", "Endocrine physiology", "Reproductive endocrinology", "Reproductive physiology", "Veterinary science", "Endocrinology", "Pediatric endocrinology", "oncology", "Cancer prevention", "Cancer risk factors", "Cancers and neoplasms", "determining", "disorders", "cancers", "retrievers", "labrador", "years", "admitted", "veterinary"], "article_id"=>1102526, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Benjamin L. Hart", "Lynette A. Hart", "Abigail P. Thigpen", "Neil H. Willits"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102241.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Categories_used_in_determining_diagnosis_for_joint_disorders_and_cancers_of_interest_in_Golden_Retrievers_and_Labrador_Retrievers_1_8211_8_years_old_admitted_to_the_Veterinary_Medical_Hospital_University_of_California_Davis_from_2000_8211_2012_/1102526", "title"=>"Categories used in determining diagnosis for joint disorders and cancers of interest in Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers (1–8 years old) admitted to the Veterinary Medical Hospital, University of California, Davis, from 2000–2012.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-14 03:16:40"}

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