Sediment and Turbidity Associated with Offshore Dredging Increase Coral Disease Prevalence on Nearby Reefs
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{"title"=>"Sediment and turbidity associated with offshore dredging increase coral disease prevalence on nearby reefs", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"F. Joseph", "last_name"=>"Pollock", "scopus_author_id"=>"36458643900"}, {"first_name"=>"Joleah B.", "last_name"=>"Lamb", "scopus_author_id"=>"38862048400"}, {"first_name"=>"Stuart N.", "last_name"=>"Field", "scopus_author_id"=>"55524327000"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott F.", "last_name"=>"Heron", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004098794"}, {"first_name"=>"Britta", "last_name"=>"Schaffelke", "scopus_author_id"=>"56014627700"}, {"first_name"=>"George", "last_name"=>"Shedrawi", "scopus_author_id"=>"35604448100"}, {"first_name"=>"David G.", "last_name"=>"Bourne", "scopus_author_id"=>"26431225600"}, {"first_name"=>"Bette L.", "last_name"=>"Willis", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101749421"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373542185", "sgr"=>"84904361906", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"25029525", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904361906", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0102498", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"550413d6-70b5-332f-919b-3efa869e3b85", "abstract"=>"In recent decades, coral reef ecosystems have declined to the extent that reefs are now threatened globally. While many water quality parameters have been proposed to contribute to reef declines, little evidence exists conclusively linking specific water quality parameters with increased disease prevalence in situ. Here we report evidence from in situ coral health surveys confirming that chronic exposure to dredging-associated sediment plumes significantly increase the prevalence of white syndromes, a devastating group of globally important coral diseases. Coral health surveys were conducted along a dredging-associated sediment plume gradient to assess the relationship between sedimentation, turbidity and coral health. Reefs exposed to the highest number of days under the sediment plume (296 to 347 days) had two-fold higher levels of disease, largely driven by a 2.5-fold increase in white syndromes, and a six-fold increase in other signs of compromised coral health relative to reefs with little or no plume exposure (0 to 9 days). Multivariate modeling and ordination incorporating sediment exposure level, coral community composition and cover, predation and multiple thermal stress indices provided further confirmation that sediment plume exposure level was the main driver of elevated disease and other compromised coral health indicators. This study provides the first evidence linking dredging-associated sedimentation and turbidity with elevated coral disease prevalence in situ. Our results may help to explain observed increases in global coral disease prevalence in recent decades and suggest that minimizing sedimentation and turbidity associated with coastal development will provide an important management tool for controlling coral disease epizootics.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/sediment-turbidity-associated-offshore-dredging-increase-coral-disease-prevalence-nearby-reefs", "reader_count"=>178, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>42, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>51, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>97, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>97}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>51}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "Tanzania"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Malaysia"=>1, "Australia"=>2, "Jamaica"=>1, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1597167"], "description"=>"<div><p>In recent decades, coral reef ecosystems have declined to the extent that reefs are now threatened globally. While many water quality parameters have been proposed to contribute to reef declines, little evidence exists conclusively linking specific water quality parameters with increased disease prevalence <i>in situ</i>. Here we report evidence from <i>in situ</i> coral health surveys confirming that chronic exposure to dredging-associated sediment plumes significantly increase the prevalence of white syndromes, a devastating group of globally important coral diseases. Coral health surveys were conducted along a dredging-associated sediment plume gradient to assess the relationship between sedimentation, turbidity and coral health. Reefs exposed to the highest number of days under the sediment plume (296 to 347 days) had two-fold higher levels of disease, largely driven by a 2.5-fold increase in white syndromes, and a six-fold increase in other signs of compromised coral health relative to reefs with little or no plume exposure (0 to 9 days). Multivariate modeling and ordination incorporating sediment exposure level, coral community composition and cover, predation and multiple thermal stress indices provided further confirmation that sediment plume exposure level was the main driver of elevated disease and other compromised coral health indicators. This study provides the first evidence linking dredging-associated sedimentation and turbidity with elevated coral disease prevalence <i>in situ</i>. Our results may help to explain observed increases in global coral disease prevalence in recent decades and suggest that minimizing sedimentation and turbidity associated with coastal development will provide an important management tool for controlling coral disease epizootics.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Water quality", "turbidity", "offshore", "dredging", "coral", "prevalence"], "article_id"=>1107756, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["F. Joseph Pollock", "Joleah B. Lamb", "Stuart N. Field", "Scott F. Heron", "Britta Schaffelke", "George Shedrawi", "David G. Bourne", "Bette L. Willis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102498", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sediment_and_Turbidity_Associated_with_Offshore_Dredging_Increase_Coral_Disease_Prevalence_on_Nearby_Reefs_/1107756", "title"=>"Sediment and Turbidity Associated with Offshore Dredging Increase Coral Disease Prevalence on Nearby Reefs", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-16 03:24:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1597152"], "description"=>"<p>Stacked bars indicate disease or other compromised coral health indicator prevalence by category and error bars indicate standard error among transects for total prevalence of disease or other compromised coral health indicators. Letters indicate post-hoc groupings (Tukey's HSD, <i>p<0.05</i>) between sediment plume exposure categories.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Water quality", "prevalence", "coral", "signs", "compromised", "sites", "sediment", "plume", "78", "347"], "article_id"=>1107740, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["F. Joseph Pollock", "Joleah B. Lamb", "Stuart N. Field", "Scott F. Heron", "Britta Schaffelke", "George Shedrawi", "David G. Bourne", "Bette L. Willis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102498.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_prevalence_of_a_coral_disease_and_b_other_signs_of_compromised_coral_health_at_sites_within_three_sediment_plume_exposure_categories_low_0_to_9_plume_exposure_days_n_8202_8202_18_transects_moderate_40_to_78_plume_exposure_days_n_8202_8202_9_transect/1107740", "title"=>"Mean prevalence of (a) coral disease and (b) other signs of compromised coral health at sites within three sediment plume exposure categories: low (0 to 9 plume exposure days; n = 18 transects), moderate (40 to 78 plume exposure days; n = 9 transects), and high (296 to 347 plume exposure days; n = 6 transects).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-16 03:24:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1597157"], "description"=>"a<p>Number of days the sediment plume was recorded over a site for the duration of dredging operations (days).</p>b<p>Prevalence of coral colonies with crown-of-thorns seastar lesions determined by <i>in situ</i> coral health surveys (%).</p>c<p>Prevalence of coral colonies with <i>Drupella</i> lesions determined by <i>in situ</i> coral health surveys (%).</p>d<p>Total hard coral cover on transects determined by line intercept method (%).</p>e<p>Maximum sea surface temperature recorded during dredging operations (May 2010 to November 2011) (°C).</p>f<p>Maximum excursion of sea surface temperature from the long-term climatological value during dredging operations (May 2010 to November 2011) (°C).</p>g<p>Accumulation of thermal anomalies greater than the long-term summer mean temperature plus one standard deviation (°C-weeks).</p>h<p>Accumulation of winter anomalies (+ and −) from the long-term winter mean temperature (°C-weeks).</p>i<p>Average of summer temperature anomalies greater than zero calculated from the monthly mean temperature plus one monthly standard deviation.</p>j<p>Modeled numeric prediction of disease abundance based upon MPSA and total coral cover (disease cases per 1,500 m<sup>2</sup>).</p>k<p>Peak SST and Peak SSTA were excluded from the DISTLM due to a strong correlation with Hot Snap (r = 0.87 and 0.79, respectively).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Water quality", "predictor", "variables", "multivariate", "regression", "sites", "sediment", "plume", "categories", "modis", "68", "347", "variance", "dredge"], "article_id"=>1107746, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["F. Joseph Pollock", "Joleah B. Lamb", "Stuart N. Field", "Scott F. Heron", "Britta Schaffelke", "George Shedrawi", "David G. Bourne", "Bette L. Willis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102498.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Environmental_predictor_variables_assessed_in_a_multivariate_multiple_regression_analysis_DISTLM_at_sites_within_three_sediment_plume_exposure_categories_determined_by_MODIS_satellite_imagery_low_0_to_9_plume_exposure_days_n_8202_8202_6_sites_moderate_40/1107746", "title"=>"Environmental predictor variables assessed in a multivariate multiple regression analysis (DISTLM) at sites within three sediment plume exposure categories determined by MODIS satellite imagery: low (0 to 9 plume exposure days, n = 6 sites), moderate (40 to 68 plume exposure days, n = 3 sites) and high (296 to 347 plume exposure days, n = 2 sites); and results of an analysis of variance (ANOVA) for each predictor variable among dredge plume exposure groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-16 03:24:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1597150"], "description"=>"<p>Colored overlays (gradient from red to blue) indicate satellite-derived sediment plume exposure days determined by hot spot analysis of MODIS satellite imagery. Pie charts indicate the proportion of colonies at each site (n = 3 transects per site) recorded as apparently healthy (blue), diseased (red) or displaying other signs of compromised coral health (green). Numbers inset on pie charts indicate satellite-derived sediment plume exposure days at each site. Colors ringing pie charts indicate plume exposure categories, i.e. white: low (0 to 9 exposure days); blue: moderate (40 to 78 exposure day); and red: high (296 to 347 exposure days).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Coastal ecology", "Marine biology", "Coral reefs", "corals", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Water quality", "coral", "locations", "montebello", "barrow"], "article_id"=>1107738, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["F. Joseph Pollock", "Joleah B. Lamb", "Stuart N. Field", "Scott F. Heron", "Britta Schaffelke", "George Shedrawi", "David G. Bourne", "Bette L. Willis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102498.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_showing_study_site_and_coral_health_survey_locations_at_Montebello_and_Barrow_Islands_Western_Australia_/1107738", "title"=>"Map showing study site and coral health survey locations at Montebello and Barrow Islands, Western Australia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-16 03:24:46"}

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