Temporal and Contextual Consistency of Leadership in Homing Pigeon Flocks
Publication Date
July 23, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Carlos D. Santos, Stefanie Neupert, Hans Peter Lipp, Martin Wikelski, et al
Volume
9
Issue
7
Pages
e102771
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0102771
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25054203
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4108361
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25054203
Web of Science
000339614100053
Scopus
84904702647
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/temporal-contextual-consistency-leadership-homing-pigeon-flocks
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Temporal and contextual consistency of leadership in homing pigeon flocks", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Carlos D.", "last_name"=>"Santos", "scopus_author_id"=>"13008240200"}, {"first_name"=>"Stefanie", "last_name"=>"Neupert", "scopus_author_id"=>"56287192400"}, {"first_name"=>"Hans Peter", "last_name"=>"Lipp", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006785176"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Wikelski", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005141241"}, {"first_name"=>"Dina K.N.", "last_name"=>"Dechmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506071562"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84904702647", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0102771", "pui"=>"373596276", "pmid"=>"25054203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904702647", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"1f5e763e-a2fe-3fb9-9b9e-4e2f77801a51", "abstract"=>"Organized flight of homing pigeons (Columba livia) was previously shown to rely on simple leadership rules between flock mates, yet the stability of this social structuring over time and across different contexts remains unclear. We quantified the repeatability of leadership-based flock structures within a flight and across multiple flights conducted with the same animals. We compared two contexts of flock composition: flocks of birds of the same age and flight experience; and, flocks of birds of different ages and flight experience. All flocks displayed consistent leadership-based structures over time, showing that individuals have stable roles in the navigational decisions of the flock. However, flocks of balanced age and flight experience exhibited reduced leadership stability, indicating that these factors promote flock structuring. Our study empirically demonstrates that leadership and followership are consistent behaviours in homing pigeon flocks, but such consistency is affected by the heterogeneity of individual flight experiences and/or age. Similar evidence from other species suggests leadership as an important mechanism for coordinated motion in small groups of animals with strong social bonds.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/temporal-contextual-consistency-leadership-homing-pigeon-flocks", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17, "Psychology"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>17}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Bulgaria"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606602"], "description"=>"<p>(a) for pigeons with unbalanced homing experience and (b) for pigeons with balanced homing experience. Dots represent individual leadership ranks calculated for multiple flights with the same pigeons. Average ranks per individual are represented by open dots. Leadership consistency can be evaluated from the repeatability of pairwise scores (R). P-values and confidence intervals for R were generated by randomization (1000 permutations) following Schielzeth and Nakagawa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771#pone.0102771-Schielzeth1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior"], "article_id"=>1115701, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlos D. Santos", "Stefanie Neupert", "Hans-Peter Lipp", "Martin Wikelski", "Dina K. N. Dechmann"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Between_flight_leadership_consistency_/1115701", "title"=>"Between-flight leadership consistency.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 04:05:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606603"], "description"=>"<p>Leadership consistency can be evaluated from the repeatability of pairwise scores (R) computed for multiple contiguous segments (2.5 min long) of the same flight. P-values and confidence intervals for R were generated by randomization (1000 permutations) following Schielzeth and Nakagawa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771#pone.0102771-Schielzeth1\" target=\"_blank\">[18]</a>. Unresolved relationships correspond to relationships with null pairwise score. Flock size excludes birds that split from the flock during the homing flight; the number of birds released is presented between brackets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior", "consistency", "flights", "compared"], "article_id"=>1115702, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlos D. Santos", "Stefanie Neupert", "Hans-Peter Lipp", "Martin Wikelski", "Dina K. N. Dechmann"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameters_and_leadership_consistency_of_flights_in_the_two_compared_datasets_/1115702", "title"=>"Parameters and leadership consistency of flights in the two compared datasets.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 04:05:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606601"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Individual leadership ranks calculated for multiple segments (2.5 min long) of the same flight (illustrated for flight number 8). Average ranks are represented with open dots. The repeatability of leadership pairwise scores (R), P-value and confidence intervals are shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771#pone-0102771-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. (b) Repeatability of leadership pairwise scores as a function of flight segment length (blue for pigeons with balanced homing experience and red for pigeons with unbalanced homing experience). Dots represent repeatability of different flights when flight segments of different lengths are considered. Trend lines are LOESS curves with 95% confidence intervals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Spatial and landscape ecology", "Zoology", "Animal behavior"], "article_id"=>1115700, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlos D. Santos", "Stefanie Neupert", "Hans-Peter Lipp", "Martin Wikelski", "Dina K. N. Dechmann"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102771.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Within_flight_leadership_consistency_/1115700", "title"=>"Within-flight leadership consistency.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 04:05:00"}

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Relative Metric

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