Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean
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{"title"=>"Towards a network of locally managed marine areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Steve", "last_name"=>"Rocliffe", "scopus_author_id"=>"56288315600"}, {"first_name"=>"Shawn", "last_name"=>"Peabody", "scopus_author_id"=>"56111978000"}, {"first_name"=>"Melita", "last_name"=>"Samoilys", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602383081"}, {"first_name"=>"Julie P.", "last_name"=>"Hawkins", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402132940"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0103000", "sgr"=>"84904618249", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"373596302", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25054340", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904618249"}, "id"=>"f4703f13-5dfd-3ae4-9a9d-fa1f20b6a212", "abstract"=>"In the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), local communities are increasingly assuming responsibility for inshore marine resources either on their own or through collaborative management arrangements with governments or non-state actors. In this paper, we trace the evolution and expansion of community management in the WIO and present the first ever inventory and assessment of the region's locally managed marine areas (LMMAs). We compare the key attributes of these areas to those under government stewardship and assess their relative contributions to progress towards the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) target of 10% of marine and coastal ecological regions to be effectively conserved by 2020. We also explore the legal frameworks that underpin locally managed marine initiatives in Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique and Tanzania to assess the potential for future expansion. A principal finding is that whilst LMMAs protect more than 11,000 square kilometres of marine resource in the WIO, they are hampered by underdeveloped local and national legal structures and enforcement mechanisms. In our recommendations to improve local management, we suggest establishing a network of LMMA practitioners in the WIO region to share experiences and best practice.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/towards-network-locally-managed-marine-areas-lmmas-western-indian-ocean", "reader_count"=>132, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>30, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>31, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>30, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>34, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>31, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Environmental Science"=>55, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>16, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>8, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>16}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>8}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>55}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>2, "Mozambique"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Belize"=>1, "Madagascar"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>13}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606087", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606088"], "description"=>"<div><p>In the Western Indian Ocean (WIO), local communities are increasingly assuming responsibility for inshore marine resources either on their own or through collaborative management arrangements with governments or non-state actors. In this paper, we trace the evolution and expansion of community management in the WIO and present the first ever inventory and assessment of the region’s locally managed marine areas (LMMAs). We compare the key attributes of these areas to those under government stewardship and assess their relative contributions to progress towards the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) target of 10% of marine and coastal ecological regions to be effectively conserved by 2020. We also explore the legal frameworks that underpin locally managed marine initiatives in Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique and Tanzania to assess the potential for future expansion. A principal finding is that whilst LMMAs protect more than 11,000 square kilometres of marine resource in the WIO, they are hampered by underdeveloped local and national legal structures and enforcement mechanisms. In our recommendations to improve local management, we suggest establishing a network of LMMA practitioners in the WIO region to share experiences and best practice.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "locally", "managed", "areas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115308, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Towards_A_Network_of_Locally_Managed_Marine_Areas_LMMAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_/1115308", "title"=>"Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606084"], "description"=>"<p>Source: The World Bank <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-TheWorld1\" target=\"_blank\">[120]</a>, except for coastal population and HDI, which are provided respectively by CIESIN <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-CIESIN1\" target=\"_blank\">[121]</a> and UNDP <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-UNDP2\" target=\"_blank\">[122]</a>.</p><p>Note: South Africa only includes KwaZulu Natal as the Province that borders the WIO.</p><p>*HDI = Human development index (<a href=\"http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/indices/hpi/\" target=\"_blank\">http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/indices/hpi/</a>).</p>1<p>Excludes area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones.</p>2<p>Percentage of population living within 100 km of a coastline.</p>3<p>Gross national income, calculated using World Bank Atlas Method.</p>4<p>Figures for Mayotte are calculated from INSEE <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-INSEE1\" target=\"_blank\">[123]</a>. Population estimate from 2009.</p>5<p>Figures for Réunion are calculated from INSEE <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-INSEE2\" target=\"_blank\">[124]</a>.</p>6<p>South Africa only includes KwaZulu Natal, the Province that borders the WIO. Area and population figures from Statistics South Africa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-StatisticsSouth1\" target=\"_blank\">[125]</a>; GDP figures calculated from Statistics South Africa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-StatisticsSouth2\" target=\"_blank\">[126]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "socio-economic", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115305, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographic_scope_population_and_socio_economic_characteristics_of_Western_Indian_Ocean_WIO_nations_/1115305", "title"=>"Geographic scope, population and socio-economic characteristics of Western Indian Ocean (WIO) nations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606082"], "description"=>"<p>Mean area of MPAs in the Western Indian Ocean and numbers existing by decadal creation date.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "locally", "managed", "areas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115303, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Towards_A_Network_of_Locally_Managed_Marine_Areas_LMMAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_Table_2_/1115303", "title"=>"Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean - Table 2", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606083"], "description"=>"1<p>Source: World Resources Institute <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-World2\" target=\"_blank\">[127]</a>.</p>2<p>Percentage of continental shelf within marine protected areas.</p>3<p>Percentage of coral reef MPAs judged to be effective in a rapid appraisal by regional experts. Developed from Burke et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-Burke1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>. Both the Burke analysis and this one use the same definition of an MPA.</p>4<p>Percentage of reefs at medium or high risk from overfishing and destructive fishing. Developed from Burke et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-Burke1\" target=\"_blank\">[24]</a>.</p>5<p>At 68,332 km<sup>2</sup>, Mayotte Marine Park is much larger than its continental shelf area. Until 31 March 2011, Mayotte was not an overseas department of France and separate figures for continental shelf were not attainable. The figure used as a conservative proxy is the size of its lagoon <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000#pone.0103000-INSEE1\" target=\"_blank\">[123]</a>.</p>6<p>South Africa only includes KwaZulu Natal, the Province that borders the WIO. As continental shelf values for the province weren’t available, a conservative proxy of 10% of South Africa’s total shelf area was used.</p>7<p>Figures for continental shelf of the mainland and Zanzibar were unavailable, so an arbitrary split of 50% of Tanzania’s total shelf was used.</p><p>*WIO values are totals.</p><p>Extent of MPA coverage and effectiveness for coral reef MPAs in the Western Indian Ocean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "locally", "managed", "areas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115304, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Towards_A_Network_of_Locally_Managed_Marine_Areas_LMMAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_Table_3_/1115304", "title"=>"Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean - Table 3", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606081"], "description"=>"<p>LMMAS and MPAs in the Western Indian Ocean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "mpas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115302, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LMMAS_and_MPAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_/1115302", "title"=>"LMMAS and MPAs in the Western Indian Ocean.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606086"], "description"=>"1<p>Level of success in establishing LMMAs to date.</p>2<p>Potential to establish more LMMAs in future.</p><p>*Forthcoming. Communities will be able to apply several control measures within this area, including quotas and gear restrictions, as well as closed seasons and areas.</p><p>**In draft, awaiting finalization.</p><p>Key features of LMMA initiatives in the Western Indian Oceans.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "locally", "managed", "areas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115307, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Towards_A_Network_of_Locally_Managed_Marine_Areas_LMMAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_Table_5_/1115307", "title"=>"Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean - Table 5", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1606085"], "description"=>"1<p>Percentage of continental shelf within marine protected areas (level 1 and 2).</p>2<p>Percentage of continental shelf within locally managed marine areas (level 3 and 4).</p>3<p>Percentage of continental shelf within marine protected areas and locally managed marine areas.</p>4<p>South Africa only includes KwaZulu Natal, the Province that borders the WIO.</p><p>*Excludes Îles Éparses.</p><p>**All are regional totals, except LMMA av. Size (km<sup>2</sup>) which is a mean.</p><p>Extent of MPA (level 1 and 2) and LMMA (level 3 and 4) coverage and current progress towards achieving international biodiversity conservation targets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Marine ecology", "Marine biology", "Marine conservation", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Aquatic environments", "Marine environments", "Bodies of water", "oceans", "Indian Ocean", "Conservation science", "locally", "managed", "areas", "indian"], "article_id"=>1115306, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Steve Rocliffe", "Shawn Peabody", "Melita Samoilys", "Julie P. Hawkins"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103000.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Towards_A_Network_of_Locally_Managed_Marine_Areas_LMMAs_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_Table_4_/1115306", "title"=>"Towards A Network of Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) in the Western Indian Ocean - Table 4", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-23 02:53:51"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
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