Diverse Wild Bird Host Range of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in Eastern North America
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{"title"=>"Diverse wild bird host range of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in Eastern North America", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"André A.", "last_name"=>"Dhondt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006716335"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan C.", "last_name"=>"DeCoste", "scopus_author_id"=>"56294207700"}, {"first_name"=>"David H.", "last_name"=>"Ley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005808545"}, {"first_name"=>"Wesley M.", "last_name"=>"Hochachka", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603951361"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84904878307", "sgr"=>"84904878307", "pui"=>"373631535", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25061684", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0103553"}, "id"=>"248bc1c0-7ec8-3cb4-b7b5-98a438e68544", "abstract"=>"Emerging infectious diseases often result from pathogens jumping to novel hosts. Identifying possibilities and constraints on host transfer is therefore an important facet of research in disease ecology. Host transfers can be studied for the bacterium Mycoplasma gallisepticum, predominantly a pathogen of poultry until its 1994 appearance and subsequent epidemic spread in a wild songbird, the house finch Haemorhous mexicanus and some other wild birds. We screened a broad range of potential host species for evidence of infection by M. gallisepticum in order to answer 3 questions: (1) is there a host phylogenetic constraint on the likelihood of host infection (house finches compared to other bird species); (2) does opportunity for close proximity (visiting bird feeders) increase the likelihood of a potential host being infected; and (3) is there seasonal variation in opportunity for host jumping (winter resident versus summer resident species). We tested for pathogen exposure both by using PCR to test for the presence of M. gallisepticum DNA and by rapid plate agglutination to test for the presence of antibodies. We examined 1,941 individual birds of 53 species from 19 avian families. In 27 species (15 families) there was evidence for exposure with M. gallisepticum although conjunctivitis was very rare in non-finches. There was no difference in detection rate between summer and winter residents, nor between feeder birds and species that do not come to feeders. Evidence of M. gallisepticum infection was found in all species for which at least 20 individuals had been sampled. Combining the present results with those of previous studies shows that a diverse range of wild bird species may carry or have been exposed to M. gallisepticum in the USA as well as in Europe and Asia.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/diverse-wild-bird-host-range-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-eastern-north-america-3", "reader_count"=>26, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1610262"], "description"=>"<p><i>% PCR+</i>: % of birds whose eye swab contained <i>M. gallisepticum</i> DNA; % RPA+: % of birds in which we detected <i>M. gallisepticum</i>-specific antibodies in a blood sample. The χ<sup>2</sup> values and associated P-values stem from the comparisons of the number of individuals that were PCR or RPA positive.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Zoonoses", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "Infectious diseases", "Bacterial diseases", "Emerging infectious diseases", "Public and occupational health", "disease ecology", "individuals", "trapped", "tompkins", "tested"], "article_id"=>1118643, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["André A. Dhondt", "Jonathan C. DeCoste", "David H. Ley", "Wesley M. Hochachka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103553.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_individuals_trapped_in_Tompkins_County_that_tested_positive_for_M_gallisepticum_/1118643", "title"=>"Percentages of individuals trapped in Tompkins County that tested positive for <i>M. gallisepticum.</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-25 03:13:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1610263"], "description"=>"<div><p>Emerging infectious diseases often result from pathogens jumping to novel hosts. Identifying possibilities and constraints on host transfer is therefore an important facet of research in disease ecology. Host transfers can be studied for the bacterium <i>Mycoplasma gallisepticum</i>, predominantly a pathogen of poultry until its 1994 appearance and subsequent epidemic spread in a wild songbird, the house finch <i>Haemorhous mexicanus</i> and some other wild birds. We screened a broad range of potential host species for evidence of infection by <i>M. gallisepticum</i> in order to answer 3 questions: (1) is there a host phylogenetic constraint on the likelihood of host infection (house finches compared to other bird species); (2) does opportunity for close proximity (visiting bird feeders) increase the likelihood of a potential host being infected; and (3) is there seasonal variation in opportunity for host jumping (winter resident versus summer resident species). We tested for pathogen exposure both by using PCR to test for the presence of <i>M. gallisepticum</i> DNA and by rapid plate agglutination to test for the presence of antibodies. We examined 1,941 individual birds of 53 species from 19 avian families. In 27 species (15 families) there was evidence for exposure with <i>M. gallisepticum</i> although conjunctivitis was very rare in non-finches. There was no difference in detection rate between summer and winter residents, nor between feeder birds and species that do not come to feeders. Evidence of <i>M. gallisepticum</i> infection was found in all species for which at least 20 individuals had been sampled. Combining the present results with those of previous studies shows that a diverse range of wild bird species may carry or have been exposed to <i>M. gallisepticum</i> in the USA as well as in Europe and Asia.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Zoonoses", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "Infectious diseases", "Bacterial diseases", "Emerging infectious diseases", "Public and occupational health", "disease ecology", "america"], "article_id"=>1118644, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["André A. Dhondt", "Jonathan C. DeCoste", "David H. Ley", "Wesley M. Hochachka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103553", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Diverse_Wild_Bird_Host_Range_of_Mycoplasma_gallisepticum_in_Eastern_North_America/1118644", "title"=>"Diverse Wild Bird Host Range of <i>Mycoplasma gallisepticum</i> in Eastern North America", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-25 03:13:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1610261"], "description"=>"<p>Only species with 10+ individuals in Ithaca included; complete list in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0103553#pone.0103553.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>. -  =  no data. Feeder use: NF: species not using feeders; F: Status: YR: present year round; SUM: summer visitor; WIN: winter visitor.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Community Ecology", "Trophic interactions", "microbiology", "Veterinary science", "Veterinary diseases", "Zoonoses", "Zoology", "Avian biology", "Infectious diseases", "Bacterial diseases", "Emerging infectious diseases", "Public and occupational health", "disease ecology", "individuals", "sampled", "polymerase", "agglutination"], "article_id"=>1118642, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["André A. Dhondt", "Jonathan C. DeCoste", "David H. Ley", "Wesley M. Hochachka"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103553.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_individuals_testing_positive_for_M_gallisepticum_out_of_total_number_sampled_by_polymerase_chain_reaction_DNA_detected__current_infection_or_by_rapid_plate_agglutination_antibodies_detected__previous_infection_/1118642", "title"=>"Number of individuals testing positive for <i>M. gallisepticum</i> out of total number sampled by polymerase chain reaction (DNA detected  =  current infection) or by rapid plate agglutination (antibodies detected  =  previous infection).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-07-25 03:13:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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