Do We Produce Enough Fruits and Vegetables to Meet Global Health Need?
Publication Date
August 06, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Karen R. Siegel, Mohammed K. Ali, Adithi Srinivasiah, Rachel A. Nugent, et al
Volume
9
Issue
8
Pages
e104059
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0104059
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25099121
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4123909
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25099121
Web of Science
000339995100048
Scopus
84905472535
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/we-produce-enough-fruits-vegetables-meet-global-health-need
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Do we produce enough fruits and vegetables to meet global health need?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Karen R.", "last_name"=>"Siegel", "scopus_author_id"=>"23029092300"}, {"first_name"=>"Mohammed K.", "last_name"=>"Ali", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404486641"}, {"first_name"=>"Adithi", "last_name"=>"Srinivasiah", "scopus_author_id"=>"56310347900"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel A.", "last_name"=>"Nugent", "scopus_author_id"=>"24824891300"}, {"first_name"=>"K. M.Venkat", "last_name"=>"Narayan", "scopus_author_id"=>"56726795700"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"373700864", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0104059", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0104059", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84905472535", "pmid"=>"25099121", "sgr"=>"84905472535"}, "id"=>"cf9a167b-0e84-3320-bb78-4cfba5ee7f3e", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally, but much of the world's population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. It remains unknown whether global supply of FV is sufficient to meet current and growing population needs. We sought to determine whether supply of FV is sufficient to meet current and growing population needs, globally and in individual countries.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: We used global data on agricultural production and population size to compare supply of FV in 2009 with population need, globally and in individual countries. We found that the global supply of FV falls, on average, 22% short of population need according to nutrition recommendations (supply:need ratio: 0.78 [Range: 0.05-2.01]). This ratio varies widely by country income level, with a median supply:need ratio of 0.42 and 1.02 in low-income and high-income countries, respectively. A sensitivity analysis accounting for need-side food wastage showed similar insufficiency, to a slightly greater extent (global supply:need ratio: 0.66, varying from 0.37 [low-income countries] to 0.77 [high-income countries]). Using agricultural production and population projections, we also estimated supply and need for FV for 2025 and 2050. Assuming medium fertility and projected growth in agricultural production, the global supply:need ratio for FV increases slightly to 0.81 by 2025 and to 0.88 by 2050, with similar patterns seen across country income levels. In a sensitivity analysis assuming no change from current levels of FV production, the global supply:need ratio for FV decreases to 0.66 by 2025 and to 0.57 by 2050.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: The global nutrition and agricultural communities need to find innovative ways to increase FV production and consumption to meet population health needs, particularly in low-income countries.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/we-produce-enough-fruits-vegetables-meet-global-health-need", "reader_count"=>70, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>27, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Nigeria"=>1, "Ethiopia"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623431"], "description"=>"<p>Notes: Country Income Level defined according to World Bank categories: Low-income economies ($1,025 or less), Lower-middle-income economies ($1,026 to $4,035), Upper-middle-income economies ($4,036 to $12,475), High-income economies ($12,476 or more). Fertility is defined according to the United Nations World Population Prospects, 2012 Revision: high fertility (5 or more children per woman), medium fertility (2–3 children per woman), and low fertility (less than 2.1 children per woman).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "nutrition", "Public and occupational health", "2025"], "article_id"=>1129243, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karen R. Siegel", "Mohammed K. Ali", "Adithi Srinivasiah", "Rachel A. Nugent", "K. M. Venkat Narayan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Projected_Supply_Need_Ratio_2025_and_2050_/1129243", "title"=>"Projected Supply: Need Ratio, 2025 and 2050.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-06 03:05:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623432"], "description"=>"<p>Notes: All numbers provided as median (range). Need is reported in billions of kilograms of fruits and vegetables. Country Income Level defined according to World Bank categories: Low-income economies ($1,025 or less), Lower-middle-income economies ($1,026 to $4,035), Upper-middle-income economies ($4,036 to $12,475), High-income economies ($12,476 or more). Fertility is defined according to the United Nations World Population Prospects, 2012 Revision: high fertility (more than 5 children per woman), medium fertility (2–3 children per woman), and low fertility (less than 2.1 children per woman).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "nutrition", "Public and occupational health"], "article_id"=>1129244, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karen R. Siegel", "Mohammed K. Ali", "Adithi Srinivasiah", "Rachel A. Nugent", "K. M. Venkat Narayan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Projected_Need_and_Supply_Need_Ratios_Overall_and_by_Country_Income_Level_/1129244", "title"=>"Projected Need and Supply:Need Ratios, Overall and by Country Income Level.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-06 03:05:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623433"], "description"=>"<p>Notes: All numbers provided as median (range). Supply and Need are reported in billions of kilograms of fruits and vegetables. Country Income Level defined according to World Bank categories: Low-income economies ($1,025 or less), Lower-middle-income economies ($1,026 to $4,035), Upper-middle-income economies ($4,036 to $12,475), High-income economies ($12,476 or more).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "nutrition", "Public and occupational health"], "article_id"=>1129245, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karen R. Siegel", "Mohammed K. Ali", "Adithi Srinivasiah", "Rachel A. Nugent", "K. M. Venkat Narayan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_Statistics_of_Fruit_and_Vegetable_Supply_Need_and_Supply_Need_Ratio_Overall_and_by_Country_Income_Level_/1129245", "title"=>"Descriptive Statistics of Fruit and Vegetable Supply, Need, and Supply: Need Ratio, Overall and by Country Income Level.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-08-06 03:05:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623434", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623435", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1623436"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally, but much of the world’s population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. It remains unknown whether global supply of FV is sufficient to meet current and growing population needs. We sought to determine whether supply of FV is sufficient to meet current and growing population needs, globally and in individual countries.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>We used global data on agricultural production and population size to compare supply of FV in 2009 with population need, globally and in individual countries. We found that the global supply of FV falls, on average, 22% short of population need according to nutrition recommendations (supply:need ratio: 0.78 [Range: 0.05–2.01]). This ratio varies widely by country income level, with a median supply:need ratio of 0.42 and 1.02 in low-income and high-income countries, respectively. A sensitivity analysis accounting for need-side food wastage showed similar insufficiency, to a slightly greater extent (global supply:need ratio: 0.66, varying from 0.37 [low-income countries] to 0.77 [high-income countries]). Using agricultural production and population projections, we also estimated supply and need for FV for 2025 and 2050. Assuming medium fertility and projected growth in agricultural production, the global supply:need ratio for FV increases slightly to 0.81 by 2025 and to 0.88 by 2050, with similar patterns seen across country income levels. In a sensitivity analysis assuming no change from current levels of FV production, the global supply:need ratio for FV decreases to 0.66 by 2025 and to 0.57 by 2050.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>The global nutrition and agricultural communities need to find innovative ways to increase FV production and consumption to meet population health needs, particularly in low-income countries.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "nutrition", "Public and occupational health", "fruits", "vegetables"], "article_id"=>1129246, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Karen R. Siegel", "Mohammed K. Ali", "Adithi Srinivasiah", "Rachel A. Nugent", "K. M. Venkat Narayan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104059.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Do_We_Produce_Enough_Fruits_and_Vegetables_to_Meet_Global_Health_Need_/1129246", "title"=>"Do We Produce Enough Fruits and Vegetables to Meet Global Health Need?", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-08-06 03:05:24"}

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