Facilitating Access to Emotions: Neural Signature of EMDR Stimulation
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{"title"=>"Facilitating access to emotions: Neural signature of EMDR stimulation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Deborah", "last_name"=>"Herkt", "scopus_author_id"=>"56807126100"}, {"first_name"=>"Visal", "last_name"=>"Tumani", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507526611"}, {"first_name"=>"Georg", "last_name"=>"Grön", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701374006"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Kammer", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196403516"}, {"first_name"=>"Arne", "last_name"=>"Hofmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401495252"}, {"first_name"=>"Birgit", "last_name"=>"Abler", "scopus_author_id"=>"8569345500"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84929473504", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106350", "pui"=>"373852751", "pmid"=>"25165974", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84929473504", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"297301b5-4408-3864-b04c-a7267967c45b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a method in psychotherapy effective in treating symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. The client attends to alternating bilateral visual, auditory or sensory stimulation while confronted with emotionally disturbing material. It is thought that the bilateral stimulation as a specific element of EMDR facilitates accessing and processing of negative material while presumably creating new associative links. We hypothesized that the putatively facilitated access should be reflected in increased activation of the amygdala upon bilateral EMDR stimulation even in healthy subjects.\\n\\nMETHODS: We investigated 22 healthy female university students (mean 23.5 years) with fMRI. Subjects were scanned while confronted with blocks of disgusting and neutral picture stimuli. One third of the blocks was presented without any additional stimulation, one third with bilateral simultaneous auditory stimulation, and one third with bilateral alternating auditory stimulation as used in EMDR.\\n\\nRESULTS: Contrasting disgusting vs. neutral picture stimuli confirmed the expected robust effect of amygdala activation for all auditory stimulation conditions. The interaction analysis with the type of auditory stimulation revealed a specific increase in activation of the right amygdala for the bilateral alternating auditory stimulation. Activation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex showed the opposite effect with decreased activation.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate first time evidence for a putative neurobiological basis of the bilateral alternating stimulation as used in the EMDR method. The increase in limbic processing along with decreased frontal activation is in line with theoretical models of how bilateral alternating stimulation could help with therapeutic reintegration of information, and present findings may pave the way for future research on EMDR in the context of posttraumatic stress disorder.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/facilitating-access-emotions-neural-signature-emdr-stimulation", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>17, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>9, "Psychology"=>27, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>2, "Decision Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>9}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>27}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4351375"], "description"=>"<p>Results of the interaction analysis of condition (visual disgusting vs. neutral stimulation) and auditory stimulation (alternating/simultaneous/no tones). Upper part – increased amygdala activation under alternating tones. Lower part – decreased dorsolateral prefrontal activation under alternating tones Plots show the mean signal of all significant voxels in the respective region and standard errors. For demonstration purposes, brain activations are shown at p<0.005 uncorrected.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["activation", "EMDR Stimulation BackgroundEye Movement Desensitisation", "auditory stimulation conditions", "auditory stimulation", "posttraumatic stress disorder", "dorsolateral prefrontal cortex", "picture stimuli"], "article_id"=>1154880, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Deborah Herkt", "Visal Tumani", "Georg Grön", "Thomas Kammer", "Arne Hofmann", "Birgit Abler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106350.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_fMRI_results_interaction_of_emotional_picture_presentation_with_type_of_auditory_stimulation_/1154880", "title"=>"fMRI results: interaction of emotional picture presentation with type of auditory stimulation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-08-28 17:59:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4351378"], "description"=>"<p>Condition-by-auditory stimulation interaction effects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["activation", "EMDR Stimulation BackgroundEye Movement Desensitisation", "auditory stimulation conditions", "auditory stimulation", "posttraumatic stress disorder", "dorsolateral prefrontal cortex", "picture stimuli"], "article_id"=>1154882, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Deborah Herkt", "Visal Tumani", "Georg Grön", "Thomas Kammer", "Arne Hofmann", "Birgit Abler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106350.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Condition_by_auditory_stimulation_interaction_effects_/1154882", "title"=>"Condition-by-auditory stimulation interaction effects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-08-28 17:59:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4351372"], "description"=>"<p>Relative ratings of how much subjects felt emotionally affected by the pictures depending on the type of auditory stimulation. Subjects were asked for their statements after scanning using a paper and pencil questionnaire showing the same pictures as in the scanner in a randomized order (the order was different from that in the scanner) and without a link to the auditory stimulation used before. Depicted are the mean differences of individual ratings of emotional vs. neutral pictures and standard errors. No significant differences were found.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["activation", "EMDR Stimulation BackgroundEye Movement Desensitisation", "auditory stimulation conditions", "auditory stimulation", "posttraumatic stress disorder", "dorsolateral prefrontal cortex", "picture stimuli"], "article_id"=>2683780, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Deborah Herkt", "Visal Tumani", "Georg Grön", "Thomas Kammer", "Arne Hofmann", "Birgit Abler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106350.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Subjective_affectedness_by_emotional_pictures_/2683780", "title"=>"Subjective affectedness by emotional pictures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-08-28 17:59:58"}

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