The Invisible Prevalence of Citizen Science in Global Research: Migratory Birds and Climate Change
Events
Loading … Spinner

CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The invisible prevalence of citizen science in global research: Migratory birds and climate change", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Caren B.", "last_name"=>"Cooper", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403318955"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Shirk", "scopus_author_id"=>"36237118800"}, {"first_name"=>"Benjamin", "last_name"=>"Zuckerberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"8729833000"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84906968877", "sgr"=>"84906968877", "pui"=>"600017505", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"25184755", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106508"}, "id"=>"5c7043bd-3918-3817-b3ca-81b243e146bc", "abstract"=>"Citizen science is a research practice that relies on public contributions of data. The strong recognition of its educational value combined with the need for novel methods to handle subsequent large and complex data sets raises the question: Is citizen science effective at science? A quantitative assessment of the contributions of citizen science for its core purpose - scientific research - is lacking. We examined the contribution of citizen science to a review paper by ornithologists in which they formulated ten central claims about the impact of climate change on avian migration. Citizen science was never explicitly mentioned in the review article. For each of the claims, these ornithologists scored their opinions about the amount of research effort invested in each claim and how strongly the claim was supported by evidence. This allowed us to also determine whether their trust in claims was, unwittingly or not, related to the degree to which the claims relied primarily on data generated by citizen scientists. We found that papers based on citizen science constituted between 24 and 77% of the references backing each claim, with no evidence of a mistrust of claims that relied heavily on citizen-science data. We reveal that many of these papers may not easily be recognized as drawing upon volunteer contributions, as the search terms \"citizen science\" and \"volunteer\" would have overlooked the majority of the studies that back the ten claims about birds and climate change. Our results suggest that the significance of citizen science to global research, an endeavor that is reliant on long-term information at large spatial scales, might be far greater than is readily perceived. To better understand and track the contributions of citizen science in the future, we urge researchers to use the keyword \"citizen science\" in papers that draw on efforts of non-professionals.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/invisible-prevalence-citizen-science-global-research-migratory-birds-climate-change-2", "reader_count"=>84, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>35, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Design"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>10}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>35}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>10}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84906968877"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84906968877?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84906968877&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84906968877&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84906968877", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84906968877", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84906968877", "dc:title"=>"The invisible prevalence of citizen science in global research: Migratory birds and climate change", "dc:creator"=>"Cooper C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-09-03", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"3 September 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106508", "citedby-count"=>"78", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Cornell Lab of Ornithology", "affiliation-city"=>"Ithaca", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25184755", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e106508", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0106508", "share_count"=>35, "like_count"=>105, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>140}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"275", "xml_views"=>"19", "html_views"=>"2669"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"466"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"298"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"289"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"449"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"529"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"215"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"196"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"92"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"50", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"79", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"69", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"78", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"126", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"115"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"57", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"69", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1659445"], "description"=>"<div><p>Citizen science is a research practice that relies on public contributions of data. The strong recognition of its educational value combined with the need for novel methods to handle subsequent large and complex data sets raises the question: Is citizen science effective at science? A quantitative assessment of the contributions of citizen science for its core purpose – <i>scientific research</i> – is lacking. We examined the contribution of citizen science to a review paper by ornithologists in which they formulated ten central claims about the impact of climate change on avian migration. Citizen science was never explicitly mentioned in the review article. For each of the claims, these ornithologists scored their opinions about the amount of research effort invested in each claim and how strongly the claim was supported by evidence. This allowed us to also determine whether their trust in claims was, unwittingly or not, related to the degree to which the claims relied primarily on data generated by citizen scientists. We found that papers based on citizen science constituted between 24 and 77% of the references backing each claim, with no evidence of a mistrust of claims that relied heavily on citizen-science data. We reveal that many of these papers may not easily be recognized as drawing upon volunteer contributions, as the search terms “citizen science” and “volunteer” would have overlooked the majority of the studies that back the ten claims about birds and climate change. Our results suggest that the significance of citizen science to global research, an endeavor that is reliant on long-term information at large spatial scales, might be far greater than is readily perceived. To better understand and track the contributions of citizen science in the future, we urge researchers to use the keyword “citizen science” in papers that draw on efforts of non-professionals.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["climate change", "research", "claim", "citizen science", "Climate Change Citizen science", "data", "contribution"], "article_id"=>1159435, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Caren B. Cooper", "Jennifer Shirk", "Benjamin Zuckerberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106508", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Invisible_Prevalence_of_Citizen_Science_in_Global_Research_Migratory_Birds_and_Climate_Change_/1159435", "title"=>"The Invisible Prevalence of Citizen Science in Global Research: Migratory Birds and Climate Change", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-03 02:47:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1659443"], "description"=>"<p>No relationship between the mean values of the expert opinions on the knowledge base of each claim in Knudsen et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0106508#pone.0106508-Knudsen1\" target=\"_blank\">[34]</a> were not correlated to the proportion of citizen science supporting each claim.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["climate change", "research", "claim", "citizen science", "Climate Change Citizen science", "data", "contribution"], "article_id"=>1159433, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Caren B. Cooper", "Jennifer Shirk", "Benjamin Zuckerberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106508.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_No_relationship_between_the_mean_values_of_the_expert_opinions_on_the_knowledge_base_of_each_claim_in_Knudsen_et_al_34_were_not_correlated_to_the_proportion_of_citizen_science_supporting_each_claim_/1159433", "title"=>"No relationship between the mean values of the expert opinions on the knowledge base of each claim in Knudsen et al. [34] were not correlated to the proportion of citizen science supporting each claim.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-03 02:47:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1659444"], "description"=>"<p>*excluded papers that we were unable to classify (1 in claim 6 and 1 in claim 10).</p><p>The number of papers used for assessment of each claim, and the number and percent of papers that used citizen science.</p><p>Ten claims with mean values for support and knowledge basis from Knudsen et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0106508#pone.0106508-Knudsen1\" target=\"_blank\">[34]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["climate change", "research", "claim", "citizen science", "Climate Change Citizen science", "data", "contribution"], "article_id"=>1159434, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Caren B. Cooper", "Jennifer Shirk", "Benjamin Zuckerberg"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106508.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ten_claims_with_mean_values_for_support_and_knowledge_basis_from_Knudsen_et_al_34_/1159434", "title"=>"Ten claims with mean values for support and knowledge basis from Knudsen et al. [34].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-03 02:47:20"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Organisms", "average_usage"=>[310]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[329]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Atmospheric science", "average_usage"=>[295]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places", "average_usage"=>[302]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts