Paleomicrobiology: Revealing Fecal Microbiomes of Ancient Indigenous Cultures
Publication Date
September 10, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Raul J. Cano, Jessica Rivera Perez, Gary A. Toranzos, Tasha M. Santiago Rodriguez, et al
Volume
9
Issue
9
Pages
e106833
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0106833
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25207979
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4160228
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25207979
Web of Science
000342030300042
Scopus
84925335423
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/paleomicrobiology-revealing-fecal-microbiomes-ancient-indigenous-cultures
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Paleomicrobiology: Revealing fecal microbiomes of ancient indigenous cultures", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Raul J.", "last_name"=>"Cano", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197483092"}, {"first_name"=>"Jessica", "last_name"=>"Rivera-Perez", "scopus_author_id"=>"56657400200"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary A.", "last_name"=>"Toranzos", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603827711"}, {"first_name"=>"Tasha M.", "last_name"=>"Santiago-Rodriguez", "scopus_author_id"=>"8355008600"}, {"first_name"=>"Yvonne M.", "last_name"=>"Narganes-Storde", "scopus_author_id"=>"24402060300"}, {"first_name"=>"Luis", "last_name"=>"Chanlatte-Baik", "scopus_author_id"=>"56245041100"}, {"first_name"=>"Erileen", "last_name"=>"García-Roldán", "scopus_author_id"=>"56657481200"}, {"first_name"=>"Lucy", "last_name"=>"Bunkley-Williams", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701871592"}, {"first_name"=>"Steven E.", "last_name"=>"Massey", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005482288"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"608993999", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106833", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84925335423", "pmid"=>"25207979", "sgr"=>"84925335423"}, "id"=>"33eedbbb-bbd9-30ec-98c4-dfd7c155aa19", "abstract"=>"Coprolites are fossilized feces that can be used to provide information on the composition of the intestinal microbiota and, as we show, possibly on diet. We analyzed human coprolites from the Huecoid and Saladoid cultures from a settlement on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. While more is known about the Saladoid culture, it is believed that both societies co-existed on this island approximately from 5 to 1170 AD. By extracting DNA from the coprolites, followed by metagenomic characterization, we show that both cultures can be distinguished from each other on the basis of their bacterial and fungal gut microbiomes. In addition, we show that parasite loads were heavy and also culturally distinct. Huecoid coprolites were characterized by maize and Basidiomycetes sequences, suggesting that these were important components of their diet. Saladoid coprolite samples harbored sequences associated with fish parasites, suggesting that raw fish was a substantial component of their diet. The present study shows that ancient DNA is not entirely degraded in humid, tropical environments, and that dietary and/or host genetic differences in ancient populations may be reflected in the composition of their gut microbiome. This further supports the hypothesis that the two ancient cultures studied were distinct, and that they retained distinct technological/cultural differences during an extended period of close proximity and peaceful co-existence. The two populations seemed to form the later-day Taínos, the Amerindians present at the point of Columbian contact. Importantly, our data suggest that paleomicrobiomics can be a powerful tool to assess cultural differences between ancient populations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/paleomicrobiology-revealing-fecal-microbiomes-ancient-indigenous-cultures", "reader_count"=>76, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>17, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>21, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39, "Arts and Humanities"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>9, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>4}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>39}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Puerto Rico"=>1, "United States"=>5, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84925335423"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84925335423?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84925335423&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84925335423&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84925335423", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84925335423", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84925335423", "dc:title"=>"Paleomicrobiology: Revealing fecal microbiomes of ancient indigenous cultures", "dc:creator"=>"Cano R.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-09-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"September 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106833", "citedby-count"=>"30", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Cal Poly San Luis Obispo", "affiliation-city"=>"San Luis Obispo", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25207979", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0106833", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0106833", "share_count"=>6, "like_count"=>1, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>7}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"187", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"980"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"333"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"352"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"255"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"297"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"227"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"192"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"139"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"198"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669449"], "description"=>"<p>Coprolite sequence statistics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167117, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coprolite_sequence_statistics_/1167117", "title"=>"Coprolite sequence statistics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669448"], "description"=>"1<p>Prefix SV indicates the sampling site was in the Sorcé Estate (S) the Island of Vieques (V) Puerto Rico. The remaining characters refer to the specific excavation site from which the specimens were obtained (e.g., YTA-1_I-5-6_) and archaeological depth (e.g., 60 cm).</p><p>Description of coprolite samples employed in study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167116, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_coprolite_samples_employed_in_study_/1167116", "title"=>"Description of coprolite samples employed in study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669443"], "description"=>"<p>Unweighted UniFrac and weighted UniFrac principal coordinates were generated and plotted using QIIME 1.8. Samples with the prefix S are from Saladoid coprolite cores and those with the prefix H were from Huecoid coprolite cores.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167111, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>296, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_Coordinate_Analysis_PCoA_of_the_Bacterial_Communities_present_in_Huecoid_and_Saladoid_Coprolites_/1167111", "title"=>"Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) of the Bacterial Communities present in Huecoid and Saladoid Coprolites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669444"], "description"=>"<p>Unweighted UniFrac and weighted UniFrac principal coordinates were generated and plotted using QIIME 1.8. Samples with the prefix S are from Saladoid coprolite cores and those with the prefix H were from Huecoid coprolite cores.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167112, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>288, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_Coordinate_Analysis_PCoA_of_the_Fungal_Communities_present_in_Huecoid_and_Saladoid_Coprolites_/1167112", "title"=>"Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) of the Fungal Communities present in Huecoid and Saladoid Coprolites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669442"], "description"=>"<p>Figure was generated using summarize_taxa_through_plots.py workflow of QIIME 1.8. Results are illustrated at the Order level. Extant Amazonian stools microbiome was included for comparisons. Mean values for each culture represent taxa obtained from 8 Huecoid coprolite cores, 7 Saladoid samples, and 5 adult, extant Amazonian stools.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167110, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Taxonomic_comparison_of_Huecoid_and_Saladoid_Microbiomes_/1167110", "title"=>"Taxonomic comparison of Huecoid and Saladoid Microbiomes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669439"], "description"=>"<p>Rarefaction plots for Huecoid (4B, 6B, 8B, 10B, 11B, 12B, 13B) and Saladoid (1B, 2B, 3B, 5B, 7B, 9B, 14B, 15B) coprolites are shown. Plots were generated using the chao1metic of QIIME 1.8 <i>alpha_rarefaction.py</i> with a sampling depth of 5,000. All 15 samples were obtained from the core region (B) of each coprolite.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167107, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rarefaction_plots_the_16S_rRNA_gene_microbiome_of_the_coprolite_samples_/1167107", "title"=>"Rarefaction plots the 16S rRNA gene microbiome of the coprolite samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669438"], "description"=>"<p>Panels (a) and (b) show the sampling sites, located in Sorcé, Vieques, an island off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico. Panel (c) shows the Huecoid and Saladoid archaeological study sites (namely AGRO-I and AGRO-II, respectively). Panel (d) shows a coprolite extracted from these archeological sites.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167106, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_and_obtainment_of_coprolites_used_in_this_study_/1167106", "title"=>"Location and obtainment of coprolites used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669451"], "description"=>"<p>Similarities (A) and differences (B) found in the microbial fecal communities of the Huecoid and Saladoid cultures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167119, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>16, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Similarities_A_and_differences_B_found_in_the_microbial_fecal_communities_of_the_Huecoid_and_Saladoid_cultures_/1167119", "title"=>"Similarities (A) and differences (B) found in the microbial fecal communities of the Huecoid and Saladoid cultures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669452"], "description"=>"<p>Enteric parasites as detected by microscopy.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167120, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Enteric_parasites_as_detected_by_microscopy_/1167120", "title"=>"Enteric parasites as detected by microscopy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669450"], "description"=>"<p>Alpha Diversity Metrics for Coprolite Microbiomes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167118, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Alpha_Diversity_Metrics_for_Coprolite_Microbiomes_/1167118", "title"=>"Alpha Diversity Metrics for Coprolite Microbiomes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669447"], "description"=>"<p>Panel (a) shows the PCoA of coprolites and the fecal microbiota from extant indigenous cultures plotting PC1 vs. PC2. Panel (b) shows the PCoA of coprolites and the fecal microbiota from extant indigenous cultures plotting PC3 vs. PC2. Panel (c) shows the pie charts of taxa represented in coprolites and extant indigenous cultures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167115, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>106, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_Saladoid_and_Huecoid_microbiota_to_the_fecal_microbiota_of_representative_extant_indigenous_cultures_/1167115", "title"=>"Comparison of Saladoid and Huecoid microbiota to the fecal microbiota of representative, extant indigenous cultures.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669446"], "description"=>"<p>Panel (a) shows the proportions of fungi detected in Huecoid and Saladoid samples. Panel (b) shows the comparison of the proportions of yeasts detected in both cultures.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167114, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_abundance_of_fungi_in_coprolite_samples_/1167114", "title"=>"Relative abundance of fungi in coprolite samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1669440"], "description"=>"<p>Samples 6,10, 4, 9 and 8 are of Huecoid origin. Samples 1, 2, 3, 5 ND 7 are of Saladoid origin. Samples identified with number “0” were obtained from coprolite cores and those with the number “1” are from cortical surfaces of the coprolite.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasite loads", "Columbian contact", "fish parasites", "gut microbiome", "Vieques Island", "gut microbiomes", "Revealing Fecal Microbiomes", "component", "Saladoid coprolite samples", "diet", "Huecoid coprolites", "Saladoid culture", "metagenomic characterization", "1170 AD", "Puerto Rico", "Basidiomycetes sequences", "dna", "Ancient Indigenous Cultures Coprolites", "Saladoid cultures"], "article_id"=>1167108, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Raul J. Cano", "Jessica Rivera-Perez", "Gary A. Toranzos", "Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez", "Yvonne M. Narganes-Storde", "Luis Chanlatte-Baik", "Erileen García-Roldán", "Lucy Bunkley-Williams", "Steven E. Massey"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106833.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Procrustes_analysis_compares_the_16S_microbiome_found_in_the_cores_and_respective_cortices_of_coprolite_samples_/1167108", "title"=>"Procrustes analysis compares the 16S microbiome found in the cores and respective cortices of coprolite samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-10 03:13:18"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"21", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"53", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[306, 482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Molecular biology", "average_usage"=>[292, 461]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Parasitic diseases", "average_usage"=>[418, 848]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Archaeology", "average_usage"=>[804, 1556, 1804]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts