Fire and Grazing Influences on Rates of Riparian Woody Plant Expansion along Grassland Streams
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{"title"=>"Fire and grazing influences on rates of riparian woody plant expansion along grassland streams", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Allison M.", "last_name"=>"Veach", "scopus_author_id"=>"47062098100"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter K.", "last_name"=>"Dodds", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201837173"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam", "last_name"=>"Skibbe", "scopus_author_id"=>"23019775500"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25192194", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0106922", "sgr"=>"84907000342", "isbn"=>"19326203 (ISSN)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84907000342", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600020129"}, "id"=>"6e40b3bb-9607-3f62-8bd4-65b1d30e4df4", "abstract"=>"Grasslands are threatened globally due to the expansion of woody plants. The few remaining headwater streams within tallgrass prairies are becoming more like typical forested streams due to rapid conversion of riparian zones from grassy to wooded. Forestation can alter stream hydrology and biogeochemistry. We estimated the rate of riparian woody plant expansion within a 30 m buffer zone surrounding the stream bed across whole watersheds at Konza Prairie Biological Station over 25 years from aerial photographs. Watersheds varied with respect to experimentally-controlled fire and bison grazing. Fire frequency, presence or absence of grazing bison, and the historical presence of woody vegetation prior to the study time period (a proxy for proximity of propagule sources) were used as independent variables to predict the rate of riparian woody plant expansion between 1985 and 2010. Water yield was estimated across these years for a subset of watersheds. Riparian woody encroachment rates increased as burning became less frequent than every two years. However, a higher fire frequency (1–2 years) did not reverse riparian woody encroachment regardless of whether woody vegetation was present or not before burning regimes were initiated. Although riparian woody vegetation cover increased over time, annual total precipitation and average annual temperature were variable. So, water yield over 4 watersheds under differing burn frequencies was quite variable and with no statistically significant detected temporal trends. Overall, burning regimes with a frequency of every 1–2 years will slow the conversion of tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems to forested ones, yet over long time periods, riparian woody plant encroachment may not be prevented by fire alone, regardless of fire frequency.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fire-grazing-influences-rates-riparian-woody-plant-expansion-along-grassland-streams", "reader_count"=>26, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>11}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Benin"=>1, "United States"=>2}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1664606"], "description"=>"<p>Woody vegetation cover within a 30 m buffer riparian zone is highlighted in gray for all three years for the 4 watersheds monitored. The 22 watersheds included in the analysis are labeled with black text whereas those not included are labeled in gray.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody vegetation", "Riparian Woody Plant Expansion", "study time period", "riparian woody encroachment", "fire frequency", "riparian woody plant encroachment", "30 m buffer zone", "Riparian woody encroachment rates", "Grassland Streams Grasslands", "riparian woody vegetation", "tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems"], "article_id"=>1163689, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Allison M. Veach", "Walter K. Dodds", "Adam Skibbe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106922.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_extent_of_woody_plant_species_within_a_30_m_riparian_buffer_across_the_4_watersheds_of_the_Kings_Creek_basin_monitored_for_stream_discharge_during_1985_1991_and_2010_/1163689", "title"=>"Spatial extent of woody plant species within a 30 m riparian buffer across the 4 watersheds of the Kings Creek basin monitored for stream discharge during 1985, 1991, and 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-05 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1664608"], "description"=>"<p>Separate regression lines are present for watersheds without riparian woody vegetation present (open circles, dotted line), and watersheds with riparian, woody vegetation present historically (closed circles, bold line). The average slope of watersheds (rate of woody riparian expansion) with riparian forest was greater than those without forest historically (upper right panel).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody vegetation", "Riparian Woody Plant Expansion", "study time period", "riparian woody encroachment", "fire frequency", "riparian woody plant encroachment", "30 m buffer zone", "Riparian woody encroachment rates", "Grassland Streams Grasslands", "riparian woody vegetation", "tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems"], "article_id"=>1163691, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Allison M. Veach", "Walter K. Dodds", "Adam Skibbe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106922.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_association_between_the_linear_regression_slopes_calculated_for_each_watershed_8217_s_change_in_riparian_vegetation_from_1985_8211_2010_and_the_cumulative_number_of_burns_since_1980_using_a_multiple_linear_regression_model_/1163691", "title"=>"The association between the linear regression slopes calculated for each watershed’s change in riparian vegetation from 1985–2010 and the cumulative number of burns since 1980 using a multiple, linear regression model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-05 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1664609"], "description"=>"<p>A breakpoint was detected at ∼19 burns. The bold line represents the linear regression line for the significant portion of the regression model (watersheds with burns <19 over the 25 year record). A dashed line represents the mean of the slope of watersheds with cumulative burn >19. Gray box represents 95% confidence bands about the mean value for watersheds burned more frequently than every 1.6 years.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody vegetation", "Riparian Woody Plant Expansion", "study time period", "riparian woody encroachment", "fire frequency", "riparian woody plant encroachment", "30 m buffer zone", "Riparian woody encroachment rates", "Grassland Streams Grasslands", "riparian woody vegetation", "tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems"], "article_id"=>1163692, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Allison M. Veach", "Walter K. Dodds", "Adam Skibbe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106922.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>51, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_association_between_the_linear_regression_slopes_calculated_for_each_watershed_8217_s_change_in_riparian_vegetation_from_1985_8211_2010_and_the_cumulative_number_of_burns_since_1980_using_a_segmented_regression_model_/1163692", "title"=>"The association between the linear regression slopes calculated for each watershed’s change in riparian vegetation from 1985–2010 and the cumulative number of burns since 1980 using a segmented regression model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-05 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1664610"], "description"=>"<p>No watersheds exhibited a general trend in water yield over time, but N02B and N04D water yields were statistically higher from N20B (P<0.01).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody vegetation", "Riparian Woody Plant Expansion", "study time period", "riparian woody encroachment", "fire frequency", "riparian woody plant encroachment", "30 m buffer zone", "Riparian woody encroachment rates", "Grassland Streams Grasslands", "riparian woody vegetation", "tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems"], "article_id"=>1163693, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Allison M. Veach", "Walter K. Dodds", "Adam Skibbe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106922.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>53, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_ratio_of_discharge_to_precipitation_standardized_by_watershed_size_water_yield_for_a_1_year_N01B_2_year_N02B_4_year_N04D_and_a_20_year_N20B_burned_watershed_/1163693", "title"=>"The ratio of discharge to precipitation standardized by watershed size (water yield) for a 1 year (N01B), 2 year (N02B), 4 year (N04D), and a 20 year (N20B) burned watershed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-05 03:49:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1664611"], "description"=>"<p>Total burn # refers to the cumulative number of burns between 1985 and 2010.</p><p>Characteristics of the four study watersheds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["woody vegetation", "Riparian Woody Plant Expansion", "study time period", "riparian woody encroachment", "fire frequency", "riparian woody plant encroachment", "30 m buffer zone", "Riparian woody encroachment rates", "Grassland Streams Grasslands", "riparian woody vegetation", "tallgrass prairie stream ecosystems"], "article_id"=>1163694, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Allison M. Veach", "Walter K. Dodds", "Adam Skibbe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106922.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_the_four_study_watersheds_/1163694", "title"=>"Characteristics of the four study watersheds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-09-05 03:49:42"}

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