Transcriptional Evidence for Inferred Pattern of Pollen Tube-Stigma Metabolic Coupling during Pollination
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{"title"=>"Transcriptional evidence for inferred pattern of pollen tube-stigma metabolic coupling during pollination", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xun", "last_name"=>"Yue", "scopus_author_id"=>"15030403300"}, {"first_name"=>"Xin Qi", "last_name"=>"Gao", "scopus_author_id"=>"14050240000"}, {"first_name"=>"Fang", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56415189700"}, {"first_name"=>"Yu Xiu", "last_name"=>"Dong", "scopus_author_id"=>"10044708100"}, {"first_name"=>"Xing Guo", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"55718354000"}, {"first_name"=>"Xian Sheng", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56554492300"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84926414783", "sgr"=>"84926414783", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0107046", "pmid"=>"25215523", "pui"=>"608758932"}, "id"=>"fb5ce171-bca1-32e8-b2db-9b0f0c3739ab", "abstract"=>"It is difficult to derive all qualitative proteomic and metabolomic experimental data in male (pollen tube) and female (pistil) reproductive tissues during pollination because of the limited sensitivity of current technology. In this study, genome-scale enzyme correlation network models for plants (Arabidopsis/maize) were constructed by analyzing the enzymes and metabolic routes from a global perspective. Then, we developed a data-driven computational pipeline using the \"guilt by association\" principle to analyze the transcriptional coexpression profiles of enzymatic genes in the consecutive steps for metabolic routes in the fast-growing pollen tube and stigma during pollination. The analysis identified an inferred pattern of pollen tube-stigma ethanol coupling. When the pollen tube elongates in the transmitting tissue (TT) of the pistil, this elongation triggers the mobilization of energy from glycolysis in the TT cells of the pistil. Energy-rich metabolites (ethanol) are secreted that can be taken up by the pollen tube, where these metabolites are incorporated into the pollen tube's tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, which leads to enhanced ATP production for facilitating pollen tube growth. In addition, our analysis also provided evidence for the cooperation of kaempferol, dTDP-alpha-L-rhamnose and cell-wall-related proteins; phosphatidic-acid-mediated Ca2+ oscillations and cytoskeleton; and glutamate degradation IV for γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signaling activation in Arabidopsis and maize stigmas to provide the signals and materials required for pollen tube tip growth. In particular, the \"guilt by association\" computational pipeline and the genome-scale enzyme correlation network models (GECN) developed in this study was initiated with experimental \"omics\" data, followed by data analysis and data integration to determine correlations, and could provide a new platform to assist inachieving a deeper understanding of the co-regulation and inter-regulation model in plant research.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transcriptional-evidence-inferred-pattern-pollen-tubestigma-metabolic-coupling-during-pollination", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sri Lanka"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674444"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(4) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route for TCA cycle variation of the <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube in response to pollination. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168992, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>230, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_steps_of_TCA_cycle_variation_of_Arabidopsis_pollen_tube_in_response_to_pollination_/1168992", "title"=>"Consecutive steps of TCA cycle variation of <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube in response to pollination.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674493", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674494", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674495", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674496", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674497", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674498"], "description"=>"<div><p>It is difficult to derive all qualitative proteomic and metabolomic experimental data in male (pollen tube) and female (pistil) reproductive tissues during pollination because of the limited sensitivity of current technology. In this study, genome-scale enzyme correlation network models for plants (<i>Arabidopsis</i>/maize) were constructed by analyzing the enzymes and metabolic routes from a global perspective. Then, we developed a data-driven computational pipeline using the “guilt by association” principle to analyze the transcriptional coexpression profiles of enzymatic genes in the consecutive steps for metabolic routes in the fast-growing pollen tube and stigma during pollination. The analysis identified an inferred pattern of pollen tube-stigma ethanol coupling. When the pollen tube elongates in the transmitting tissue (TT) of the pistil, this elongation triggers the mobilization of energy from glycolysis in the TT cells of the pistil. Energy-rich metabolites (ethanol) are secreted that can be taken up by the pollen tube, where these metabolites are incorporated into the pollen tube's tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, which leads to enhanced ATP production for facilitating pollen tube growth. In addition, our analysis also provided evidence for the cooperation of kaempferol, dTDP-alpha-L-rhamnose and cell-wall-related proteins; phosphatidic-acid-mediated Ca<sup>2+</sup> oscillations and cytoskeleton; and glutamate degradation IV for γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signaling activation in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas to provide the signals and materials required for pollen tube tip growth. In particular, the “guilt by association” computational pipeline and the genome-scale enzyme correlation network models (GECN) developed in this study was initiated with experimental “omics” data, followed by data analysis and data integration to determine correlations, and could provide a new platform to assist inachieving a deeper understanding of the co-regulation and inter-regulation model in plant research.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169037, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transcriptional_Evidence_for_Inferred_Pattern_of_Pollen_Tube_Stigma_Metabolic_Coupling_during_Pollination_/1169037", "title"=>"Transcriptional Evidence for Inferred Pattern of Pollen Tube-Stigma Metabolic Coupling during Pollination", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674406"], "description"=>"<p>The reactions between metabolites were used to determine the interactions among enzymes. If enzyme 1 is catalyzed to produce substrates A and B, which are then used by enzyme 2 (substrate A or B produce C), the interaction was defined as enzyme 1 and enzymes 2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168954, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_interaction_between_two_enzymes_in_genome_scale_enzyme_correlation_network_models_/1168954", "title"=>"The interaction between two enzymes in genome-scale enzyme correlation network models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674455"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(7) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route for glycolysis IV (plant cytosol) that produce high-energy nutrients (ethanol) in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas during pollination. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169000, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>64, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_steps_of_glycolysis_IV_pathways_in_Arabidopsis_and_maize_stigmas_/1169000", "title"=>"Consecutive steps of glycolysis IV pathways in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674468"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(9) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route of production of PA in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169012, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_enzymes_and_metabolic_routes_required_for_the_synthesis_of_PA_in_maize_and_Arabidopsis_/1169012", "title"=>"Consecutive enzymes and metabolic routes required for the synthesis of PA in maize and <i>Arabidopsis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674465"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(4) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route that the cooperation between kaempferol and dTDP-alpha-L-rhamnose may be involved in the regulation of cell walls in the stigmatic secretory zone and the TT. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169009, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cooperating_of_kaempferol_and_dTDP_alpha_L_rhamnose_biosynthesis_/1169009", "title"=>"Cooperating of kaempferol and dTDP-alpha-L-rhamnose biosynthesis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674437"], "description"=>"<p>(1) –(9) present the enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, constructing a metabolic route. These findings support the idea that pollen germination and tube growth are high-energy-consuming processes. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168985, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>581, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Co_expressed_enzymes_and_consecutive_steps_for_superpathway_of_cytosolic_glycolysis_plants_pyruvate_dehydrogenase_and_TCA_cycle_in_lily_pollen_tube_in_vitro_/1168985", "title"=>"Co-expressed enzymes and consecutive steps for superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle in lily pollen tube in vitro.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674463"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(7) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route for kaempferol biosynthesis from L-phenylalanine in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169007, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_steps_of_kaempferol_biosynthesis_pathways_in_Arabidopsis_and_maize_stigmas_/1169007", "title"=>"Consecutive steps of kaempferol biosynthesis pathways in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674440"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(3) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route for ethanol degradation II of the <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube in response to pollination. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168988, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>55, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_steps_of_ethanol_degradation_II_of_Arabidopsis_pollen_tube_in_response_to_pollination_/1168988", "title"=>"Consecutive steps of ethanol degradation II of <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube in response to pollination.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674473"], "description"=>"<p>(1)–(3) present the significant DEGs that encoded the enzymes, enzymes and substrates that catalyze consecutive steps, thereby constructing a metabolic route for glutamate degradation IV in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas. EC numbers of enzyme were marked by red, enzymes were marked by pink, metabolic product were marked by blue, significant DEGs encoded enzymes were marked by black.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169017, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consecutive_steps_of_glutamate_degradation_IV_pathways_in_Arabidopsis_and_maize_stigmas_/1169017", "title"=>"Consecutive steps of glutamate degradation IV pathways in <i>Arabidopsis</i> and maize stigmas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674417"], "description"=>"<p>Metabolome of the pollen (tube) of lily (Lilium longiflorum), the significant DEGs of the <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube and the DEGs of <i>Arabidopsis</i> and of maize stigmas were identified in the platform of Oracle Database and SQL (Structured Query Language). Then, metabolome of the pollen (tube) of lily, the significant DEGs that encoded enzymes of <i>Arabidopsis</i> and of maize were mapped to the GECN model and the protein–protein interactome network of <i>Arabidopsis</i>, and a sub-interaction network was constructed by the Cytoscape software. Furthermore, community analyses (NetworkAnalyzer) were used to investigate the characteristics of the systemic structure of the sub-interaction network, and to analyze transcriptional levels of genes encoding co-expressed enzymes in the consecutive steps for metabolic routes in the biological process.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168965, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_8220_guilt_by_association_8221_computational_pipeline_/1168965", "title"=>"Schematic of “guilt by association” computational pipeline.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674430"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Full GECN model of maize silk. SIF Cytoscape formation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s002\" target=\"_blank\">Data S2</a>. (b)Sub-interaction network of maize silk. .xlse file in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Data S5</a>. (c) Full GECN model of <i>Arabidopsis</i>. SIF Cytoscape formation in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Data S1</a>. (d) Sub-interaction network of <i>Arabidopsis</i> pistil. .xlse file in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Data S5</a>. (e) Distribution of enzymes in maize and <i>Arabidopsis</i> pistil. .xlse file in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Data S3</a>. (f) Overlap structure of GECN models of maize and <i>Arabidopsis</i>. .xlse file in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Data S3</a> . (g) Distribution of enzymes of <i>Arabidopsis</i> pollen tube in response to pollination. .xlse file in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s003\" target=\"_blank\">Data S3</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Data S5</a>. Connected pairs of nodes analyzed by NetworkAnalyzer were marked by red. Graph was generated with the Cytoscape software <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046#pone.0107046-Smoot1\" target=\"_blank\">[75]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1168978, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sub_network_of_GECN_/1168978", "title"=>"Sub-network of GECN.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1674479"], "description"=>"<p>(i) Pollen germination and tube growth are high-energy-consuming processes. (ii) When the pollen tube elongates in the TT of the pistil, pollen tube elongation triggers the mobilization of energy from glycolysis in TT cells of the pistil, which are activated to convert sugars into pyruvate. (iii) Pyruvates are further metabolized to high-energy nutrients (alcohol/ethanol), which are secreted as energy-rich metabolites (ethanol) that can then be taken up by the pollen tube.(iv) High-energy nutrients (alcohol/ethanol) are further metabolized to acetyl-CoA by ethanol degradation II in the pollen tube.(v) Acetyl-CoA is incorporated into the pollen tube's TCA cycle variation, leading to enhanced ATP production for facilitating pollen tube growth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pollen tube growth", "enzyme", "transcriptional coexpression profiles", "pollen tube", "tca", "gaba", "atp", "data", "pistil", "GECN", "pollen tube elongates", "tt", "glutamate degradation IV", "pollen tube tip growth", "analysis", "correlation", "model"], "article_id"=>1169023, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Xun Yue", "Xin-Qi Gao", "Fang Wang", "YuXiu Dong", "Xingguo Li", "Xian Sheng Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107046.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>98, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_representation_of_the_inferred_pattern_of_pollen_tube_stigma_ethanol_coupling_when_pollen_tube_elongation_in_the_TT_of_the_pistil_/1169023", "title"=>"Schematic representation of the inferred pattern of pollen tube-stigma ethanol coupling when pollen tube elongation in the TT of the pistil.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-12 02:42:07"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Agriculture", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[278, 438]}]}
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