Long-Distance Dispersal via Ocean Currents Connects Omani Clownfish Populations throughout Entire Species Range
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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680109", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680110", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680111", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680112", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680113", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680115", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680116"], "description"=>"<div><p>Dispersal is a crucial ecological process, driving population dynamics and defining the structure and persistence of populations. Measuring demographic connectivity between discreet populations remains a long-standing challenge for most marine organisms because it involves tracking the movement of pelagic larvae. Recent studies demonstrate local connectivity of reef fish populations via the dispersal of planktonic larvae, while biogeography indicates some larvae must disperse 100–1000 s kilometres. To date, empirical measures of long-distance dispersal are lacking and the full scale of dispersal is unknown. Here we provide the first measure of long-distance dispersal in a coral reef fish, the Omani clownfish <i>Amphiprion omanensis</i>, throughout its entire species range. Using genetic assignment tests we demonstrate bidirectional exchange of first generation migrants, with subsequent social and reproductive integration, between two populations separated by over 400 km. Immigration was 5.4% and 0.7% in each region, suggesting a biased southward exchange, and matched predictions from a physically-coupled dispersal model. This rare opportunity to measure long-distance dispersal demonstrates connectivity of isolated marine populations over distances of 100 s of kilometres and provides a unique insight into the processes of biogeography, speciation and adaptation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reef fish populations", "Ocean Currents Connects", "bidirectional exchange", "marine populations", "generation migrants", "pelagic larvae", "400 km", "assignment tests", "Recent studies", "Population Dynamics", "planktonic larvae", "connectivity", "Clownfish Populations", "Omani clownfish Amphiprion omanensis", "species range", "Entire Species Range Dispersal", "marine organisms", "dispersal", "Reef Fish"], "article_id"=>1173090, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephen D. Simpson", "Hugo B. Harrison", "Michel R. Claereboudt", "Serge Planes"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Long_Distance_Dispersal_via_Ocean_Currents_Connects_Omani_Clownfish_Populations_throughout_Entire_Species_Range_/1173090", "title"=>"Long-Distance Dispersal via Ocean Currents Connects Omani Clownfish Populations throughout Entire Species Range", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-09-17 03:18:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1680098"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Bayesian clustering analysis identified individuals that had migrated to distant populations over 400 km from their natal origins. Dashed lines indicate the thresholds of assignment of individuals to northern and southern types. Dotted lines indicate the thresholds of assignment of individuals as north-south hybrids. Percentage values indicate proportion of assigned individuals to different types in each region. (b) The southern Omani coastline has two regions of coral reefs separated by over high exposure sandy shores. The Indian summer monsoon is the main driver of both atmospheric and oceanic regimes causing strong southeasterly winds during summer months (the Khareef monsoon), which then reverse to weaker northeasterly winds during the winter monsoon. These current regimes favour southward dispersal of the Omani clownfish.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reef fish populations", "Ocean Currents Connects", "bidirectional exchange", "marine populations", "generation migrants", "pelagic larvae", "400 km", "assignment tests", "Recent studies", "Population Dynamics", "planktonic larvae", "connectivity", "Clownfish Populations", "Omani clownfish Amphiprion omanensis", "species range", "Entire Species Range Dispersal", "marine organisms", "dispersal", "Reef Fish"], "article_id"=>1173079, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stephen D. Simpson", "Hugo B. Harrison", "Michel R. Claereboudt", "Serge Planes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107610.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Long_distance_dispersal_of_the_Omani_clownfish_/1173079", "title"=>"Long-distance dispersal of the Omani clownfish.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-09-17 03:18:52"}

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