Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens a Southern California Puma (Puma concolor) Population
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{"title"=>"Fractured genetic connectivity threatens a Southern California puma (Puma concolor) population", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Holly B.", "last_name"=>"Ernest", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602409825"}, {"first_name"=>"T. Winston", "last_name"=>"Vickers", "scopus_author_id"=>"54964315000"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott A.", "last_name"=>"Morrison", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201672369"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael R.", "last_name"=>"Buchalski", "scopus_author_id"=>"55614824600"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter M.", "last_name"=>"Boyce", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103194129"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"600116348", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0107985", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84907833290", "pmid"=>"25295530", "sgr"=>"84907833290"}, "id"=>"f011ab99-0090-33da-80a9-d75ad10eca5f", "abstract"=>"Pumas (Puma concolor; also known as mountain lions and cougars) in southern California live among a burgeoning human population of roughly 20 million people. Yet little is known of the consequences of attendant habitat loss and fragmentation, and human-caused puma mortality to puma population viability and genetic diversity. We examined genetic status of pumas in coastal mountains within the Peninsular Ranges south of Los Angeles, in San Diego, Riverside, and Orange counties. The Santa Ana Mountains are bounded by urbanization to the west, north, and east, and are separated from the eastern Peninsular Ranges to the southeast by a ten lane interstate highway (I-15). We analyzed DNA samples from 97 pumas sampled between 2001 and 2012. Genotypic data for forty-six microsatellite loci revealed that pumas sampled in the Santa Ana Mountains (n = 42) displayed lower genetic diversity than pumas from nearly every other region in California tested (n = 257), including those living in the Peninsular Ranges immediately to the east across I-15 (n = 55). Santa Ana Mountains pumas had high average pairwise relatedness, high individual internal relatedness, a low estimated effective population size, and strong evidence of a bottleneck and isolation from other populations in California. These and ecological findings provide clear evidence that Santa Ana Mountains pumas have been experiencing genetic impacts related to barriers to gene flow, and are a warning signal to wildlife managers and land use planners that mitigation efforts will be needed to stem further genetic and demographic decay in the Santa Ana Mountains puma population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fractured-genetic-connectivity-threatens-southern-california-puma-puma-concolor-population", "reader_count"=>90, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>21, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>57, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>57}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>21}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710034"], "description"=>"<p>Arrows indicate kink sites. Puma F95 had tail kink at base of tail and Puma M96 had tail kink near distal tip of tail. These two pumas had among the lowest genetic diversity measured in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197986, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>203, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Photographs_of_kinked_tails_of_pumas_F95_a_and_M96_b_/1197986", "title"=>"Photographs of kinked tails of pumas F95 (a) and M96 (b).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710035"], "description"=>"<p>Abbrev. = region abbreviations used in Tables and Figures. Mean with standard error (SE). N = sample size. Na = average number of different alleles per locus. AR = allelic richness, standardized to sample size. Ho = observed heterozygosity. He = expected heterozygosity. I = Shannon’s information index (Sherwin et al 2006). %P = percent of polymorphic loci. Regions are detailed further in text and generally follow California Bioregions designations. (<a href=\"http://biodiversity.ca.gov/bioregions.html\" target=\"_blank\">http://biodiversity.ca.gov/bioregions.html</a>).</p><p>Genetic diversity summary statistics for southern California pumas (n = 97) relative to other populations in California (n = 257).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197987, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genetic_diversity_summary_statistics_for_southern_California_pumas_n_8202_8202_97_relative_to_other_populations_in_California_n_8202_8202_257_/1197987", "title"=>"Genetic diversity summary statistics for southern California pumas (n = 97) relative to other populations in California (n = 257).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710036"], "description"=>"<p>Note that one of the geographically closest puma populations, Santa Monica Mountains, has highest F<sub>ST</sub> with the Santa Ana population, evidence of high genetic isolation for both regions. Probability, P(random> = data) based on 9999 permutations for all values are <0.001. Abbreviation definitions and sample sizes are included in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p><p>Wright’s F<sub>ST</sub> values indicate that southern California mountain lion populations are genetically distinct from other populations in California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197988, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Wright_s_F_ST_values_indicate_that_southern_California_mountain_lion_populations_are_genetically_distinct_from_other_populations_in_California_/1197988", "title"=>"Wright’s F<sub>ST</sub> values indicate that southern California mountain lion populations are genetically distinct from other populations in California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710037"], "description"=>"<p>Listed by column are p-values for population bottleneck tests (Wilcoxon sign-rank test; BOTTLENECK) assuming the two-phase (TPM) model of microsatellite evolution. Effective size (Ne) estimations (95% CI) based on data from 42 microsatellite loci. The Santa Ana Mountains population exhibited clear evidence of a population bottleneck. Effective population size estimate using the point estimate linkage disequilibrium method of (LDNE, Waples 2006) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for both parametric (P) and jackknifed (JK) estimates.</p><p>Effective population size estimations and indications of recent genetic bottlenecks in southern California pumas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197989, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effective_population_size_estimations_and_indications_of_recent_genetic_bottlenecks_in_southern_California_pumas_/1197989", "title"=>"Effective population size estimations and indications of recent genetic bottlenecks in southern California pumas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710004"], "description"=>"<p>Colors of symbols represent genetic group assignment inferred from Bayesian clustering analysis (STRUCTURE analysis, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>). Genetic group A-1 = green diamonds; A-2 = red triangles (apex at top). One male puma (M86) captured in the Santa Ana Mountains had predominant genetic assignment to the A-2 (red) genetic group. Five individuals (light green squares) captured in the Santa Ana Mountains had partial assignment to the A-2 group (M91, F92, M93, M97 and F102). Molecular kinship analysis showed that M86 and a female (F89) captured in the Santa Ana Mountains were parents of pumas M91, F92, and M93 (captured in the Santa Ana Mountains). Puma M97 assigned in parentage to M86 and F61, while F102 had unknown parentage (no parentage assignments; due possibly to her death early in project prior to collection of most of the samples). Three individuals (orange triangles, apex at bottom), had partial assignment (however, less than 20%) to A-1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197959, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>128, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_puma_capture_locations_in_the_Santa_Ana_Mountains_and_eastern_Peninsular_Ranges_of_southern_California_/1197959", "title"=>"Map of puma capture locations in the Santa Ana Mountains and eastern Peninsular Ranges of southern California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710005"], "description"=>"<p>STRUCTURE bar plot displaying the genetic clustering relationship of southern California pumas relative to others in California. Three major genetic groups, A (blue, on right), B (brown, in center), and C (yellow, on left), are evident for analysis of 354 individuals sampled throughout California. Abbreviations: NC = North Coast, MP-ESN = Modoc Plateau & Eastern Sierra Nevada, WSN = Western Sierra Nevada, CC-N = Central Coast: north, CC-C = Central Coast: central, CC-S = Central Coast: South (Santa Monica Mountains), PR-E = Peninsular Range-East, SAM = Santa Ana Mountains. The plot is organized by grouping individuals in order of their geographic region sampling source. Proportional genetic assignment for each puma is represented by a vertical bar, most easily visualized for pumas that genetically assigned to a group different from most others sampled in its region (for example one individual with over 80% brown and 8% blue near far left of group A). Pumas primarily from the Sierra Nevada Range and northern California are represented by group A (yellow), group B (brown) includes primarily Central Coast pumas and group C (blue) represents primarily southern California pumas (Santa Ana Mountains and eastern Peninsular Ranges).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197960, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_California_puma_population_genetic_structure_/1197960", "title"=>"California puma population genetic structure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710007"], "description"=>"<p>Bar Plot displaying results of STRUCTURE analysis focused on genotypic data from 97 southern California pumas (the blue block from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>). With removal of the strong genetic signal from northern California and Central Coast samples (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>), two distinct southern California groupings were inferred, C-1 (green, on right) and C-2 (red, on left). These reflect the two regions: Santa Ana Mountains to the west of I-15 (predominantly genetic group C-1) and eastern Peninsular Ranges to the east of I-15 (predominantly genetic group C-2). Genetic clustering is dependent on genetic variance among samples included in the analysis. One male puma (M86) captured in the Santa Ana Mountains has predominant genetic assignment to the C-2 (red) genetic group (the predominant genetic cluster for PR-E), and five others had partial assignment to the C-2 group (M91, F92, M93, M97 and F102). Molecular kinship analysis showed that M86 and a female (F89) assigning to the C-1 genetic group were parents of pumas M91, F92, and M93 (all were captured in the Santa Ana Mountains).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197962, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Southern_California_puma_population_genetic_structure_/1197962", "title"=>"Southern California puma population genetic structure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710009"], "description"=>"<p>Patterns displayed for first two axes of variation within the genetic data set. Each point, color-coded to its sampling region, represents an individual puma. Note that colors in PCoA diagrams reflect geographic source of samples and not STRUCTURE genetic cluster assignment. Abbreviations and sample sizes per <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. Arrows denote pumas described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-g004\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 4</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197964, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>14, "page_views"=>374, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_Coordinates_analyses_PCoA_constructed_using_genetic_covariance_matrices_GenAlEx_for_354_California_puma_genetic_profiles_including_97_from_southern_California_/1197964", "title"=>"Principal Coordinates analyses (PCoA) constructed using genetic covariance matrices (GenAlEx) for 354 California puma genetic profiles including 97 from southern California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710012"], "description"=>"<p>Patterns displayed for first two axes of variation within the genetic data set. Each point represents an individual puma, and has sample identification number and color-coding to sampling region. Note that colors in PCoA diagrams reflect geographic source of samples and not STRUCTURE genetic cluster assignment. Abbreviations and sample sizes per <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197967, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>43, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_Coordinates_analyses_PCoA_via_covariance_matrices_for_97_southern_California_puma_genetic_profiles_as_conducted_in_GenAlEx_/1197967", "title"=>"Principal Coordinates analyses (PCoA) via covariance matrices for 97 southern California puma genetic profiles as conducted in GenAlEx.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1710014"], "description"=>"<p>Expected range for “unrelated” is shown as red bars with confidence intervals. The average relatedness of Santa Ana Mountain pumas is higher than those sampled in Peninsular Ranges east of I-15 and for any other region tested in California. Relatedness in the Santa Ana Mountains pumas approaches second order family relationship (half sibs, niece-aunt, grandparent-grandchild, etc.). Abbreviations listed in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985#pone-0107985-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197969, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>76, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_pairwise_relatedness_r_blue_bars_with_confidence_intervals_for_pumas_sampled_in_southern_California_relative_to_other_regions_in_California_Algorithm_of_Lynch_and_Ritland_1999_as_implemented_in_GenAlEx_/1197969", "title"=>"Average pairwise relatedness (r; blue bars with confidence intervals) for pumas sampled in southern California relative to other regions in California. Algorithm of Lynch and Ritland (1999) as implemented in GenAlEx.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1709991"], "description"=>"<p>Inset shows location in the state of California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Santa Ana Mountains pumas", "Santa Ana Mountains puma population", "Santa Ana Mountains", "Southern California Puma", "2012. Genotypic data", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens", "dna", "attendant habitat loss", "Puma concolor", "Peninsular Ranges", "land use planners", "puma population viability"], "article_id"=>1197946, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Holly B. Ernest", "T. Winston Vickers", "Scott A. Morrison", "Michael R. Buchalski", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107985.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Topographic_map_depicting_location_of_Santa_Ana_Mountains_eastern_Peninsular_Ranges_in_southern_California_and_adjacent_regions_/1197946", "title"=>"Topographic map depicting location of Santa Ana Mountains, eastern Peninsular Ranges in southern California, and adjacent regions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-08 03:07:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
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Relative Metric

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