How Are Health Research Priorities Set in Low and Middle Income Countries? A Systematic Review of Published Reports
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{"title"=>"How are health research priorities set in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of published reports", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Skye", "last_name"=>"McGregor", "scopus_author_id"=>"55778997100"}, {"first_name"=>"Klara J.", "last_name"=>"Henderson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56083074500"}, {"first_name"=>"John M.", "last_name"=>"Kaldor", "scopus_author_id"=>"56962717500"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"600086893", "sgr"=>"84907480690", "pmid"=>"25275315", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84907480690", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0108787", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"8a24c0c1-8243-3082-aa25-be7209b87866", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Priority setting is increasingly recognised as essential for directing finite resources to support research that maximizes public health benefits and drives health equity. Priority setting processes have been undertaken in a number of low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings, using a variety of methods. We undertook a critical review of reports of these processes.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: We searched electronic databases and online for peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed literature. We found 91 initiatives that met inclusion criteria. The majority took place at the global level (46%). For regional or national initiatives, most focused on Sub Saharan Africa (49%), followed by East Asia and Pacific (20%) and Latin America and the Caribbean (18%). A quarter of initiatives aimed to cover all areas of health research, with a further 20% covering communicable diseases. The most frequently used process was a conference or workshop to determine priorities (24%), followed by the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method (18%). The majority were initiated by an international organization or collaboration (46%). Researchers and government were the most frequently represented stakeholders. There was limited evidence of any implementation or follow-up strategies. Challenges in priority setting included engagement with stakeholders, data availability, and capacity constraints.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Health research priority setting (HRPS) has been undertaken in a variety of LMIC settings. While not consistently used, the application of established methods provides a means of identifying health research priorities in a repeatable and transparent manner. In the absence of published information on implementation or evaluation, it is not possible to assess what the impact and effectiveness of health research priority setting may have been.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/health-research-priorities-set-low-middle-income-countries-systematic-review-published-reports-3", "reader_count"=>59, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>28, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Philosophy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>16, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>28}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>16}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>7}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "Burkina Faso"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1702185"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Priority setting is increasingly recognised as essential for directing finite resources to support research that maximizes public health benefits and drives health equity. Priority setting processes have been undertaken in a number of low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings, using a variety of methods. We undertook a critical review of reports of these processes.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>We searched electronic databases and online for peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed literature. We found 91 initiatives that met inclusion criteria. The majority took place at the global level (46%). For regional or national initiatives, most focused on Sub Saharan Africa (49%), followed by East Asia and Pacific (20%) and Latin America and the Caribbean (18%). A quarter of initiatives aimed to cover all areas of health research, with a further 20% covering communicable diseases. The most frequently used process was a conference or workshop to determine priorities (24%), followed by the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method (18%). The majority were initiated by an international organization or collaboration (46%). Researchers and government were the most frequently represented stakeholders. There was limited evidence of any implementation or follow-up strategies. Challenges in priority setting included engagement with stakeholders, data availability, and capacity constraints.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Health research priority setting (HRPS) has been undertaken in a variety of LMIC settings. While not consistently used, the application of established methods provides a means of identifying health research priorities in a repeatable and transparent manner. In the absence of published information on implementation or evaluation, it is not possible to assess what the impact and effectiveness of health research priority setting may have been.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["91 initiatives", "systematic review", "Health Research Priorities", "implementation", "HRPS", "Reports BackgroundPriority", "Latin America", "health research", "support research", "LMIC settings", "method", "drives health equity", "stakeholder", "chnri", "health research priority", "Child health", "east asia", "Nutrition Initiative", "health benefits", "capacity constraints.ConclusionsHealth research priority", "data availability", "inclusion criteria", "middle income countries", "variety", "majority"], "article_id"=>1191560, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Skye McGregor", "Klara J. Henderson", "John M. Kaldor"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108787", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_How_Are_Health_Research_Priorities_Set_in_Low_and_Middle_Income_Countries_A_Systematic_Review_of_Published_Reports_/1191560", "title"=>"How Are Health Research Priorities Set in Low and Middle Income Countries? A Systematic Review of Published Reports", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-02 03:17:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1702182"], "description"=>"<p>Number of HRPS initiatives per year, peer review and non-peer reviewed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["91 initiatives", "systematic review", "Health Research Priorities", "implementation", "HRPS", "Reports BackgroundPriority", "Latin America", "health research", "support research", "LMIC settings", "method", "drives health equity", "stakeholder", "chnri", "health research priority", "Child health", "east asia", "Nutrition Initiative", "health benefits", "capacity constraints.ConclusionsHealth research priority", "data availability", "inclusion criteria", "middle income countries", "variety", "majority"], "article_id"=>1191557, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Skye McGregor", "Klara J. Henderson", "John M. Kaldor"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108787.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_HRPS_initiatives_per_year_peer_review_and_non_peer_reviewed_/1191557", "title"=>"Number of HRPS initiatives per year, peer review and non-peer reviewed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-02 03:17:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1702183"], "description"=>"<p>*Denotes category adds to more than 100% due to classification in a number of ways.</p><p><i>Region:</i> 3 initiatives were carried out in multiple regions; <i>Income classification:</i> 1 initiative was undertaken in three countries, with different income classifications.</p><p>Characteristics of reviewed health research priority setting initiatives with a focus on LMICs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["91 initiatives", "systematic review", "Health Research Priorities", "implementation", "HRPS", "Reports BackgroundPriority", "Latin America", "health research", "support research", "LMIC settings", "method", "drives health equity", "stakeholder", "chnri", "health research priority", "Child health", "east asia", "Nutrition Initiative", "health benefits", "capacity constraints.ConclusionsHealth research priority", "data availability", "inclusion criteria", "middle income countries", "variety", "majority"], "article_id"=>1191558, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Skye McGregor", "Klara J. Henderson", "John M. Kaldor"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108787.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_reviewed_health_research_priority_setting_initiatives_with_a_focus_on_LMICs_/1191558", "title"=>"Characteristics of reviewed health research priority setting initiatives with a focus on LMICs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-02 03:17:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1702181"], "description"=>"<p>Identification of reports of health research priority setting initiatives from (a) peer reviewed and (b) non peer reviewed sources.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["91 initiatives", "systematic review", "Health Research Priorities", "implementation", "HRPS", "Reports BackgroundPriority", "Latin America", "health research", "support research", "LMIC settings", "method", "drives health equity", "stakeholder", "chnri", "health research priority", "Child health", "east asia", "Nutrition Initiative", "health benefits", "capacity constraints.ConclusionsHealth research priority", "data availability", "inclusion criteria", "middle income countries", "variety", "majority"], "article_id"=>1191556, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Skye McGregor", "Klara J. Henderson", "John M. Kaldor"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108787.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Identification_of_reports_of_health_research_priority_setting_initiatives_from_a_peer_reviewed_and_b_non_peer_reviewed_sources_/1191556", "title"=>"Identification of reports of health research priority setting initiatives from (a) peer reviewed and (b) non peer reviewed sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-02 03:17:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1702184"], "description"=>"<p>Type of criteria used for determining health research priorities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["91 initiatives", "systematic review", "Health Research Priorities", "implementation", "HRPS", "Reports BackgroundPriority", "Latin America", "health research", "support research", "LMIC settings", "method", "drives health equity", "stakeholder", "chnri", "health research priority", "Child health", "east asia", "Nutrition Initiative", "health benefits", "capacity constraints.ConclusionsHealth research priority", "data availability", "inclusion criteria", "middle income countries", "variety", "majority"], "article_id"=>1191559, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Skye McGregor", "Klara J. Henderson", "John M. Kaldor"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108787.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Type_of_criteria_used_for_determining_health_research_priorities_/1191559", "title"=>"Type of criteria used for determining health research priorities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-02 03:17:47"}

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