Balancing Selection on CDH2 May Be Related to the Behavioral Features of the Belgian Malinois
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{"title"=>"Balancing selection on CDH2 may be related to the behavioral features of the Belgian malinois", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xue", "last_name"=>"Cao", "scopus_author_id"=>"55758442900"}, {"first_name"=>"David M.", "last_name"=>"Irwin", "scopus_author_id"=>"35237354400"}, {"first_name"=>"Yan Hu", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56224578700"}, {"first_name"=>"Lu Guang", "last_name"=>"Cheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"55589537900"}, {"first_name"=>"Lu", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57039997300"}, {"first_name"=>"Guo Dong", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56331494000"}, {"first_name"=>"Ya Ping", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55881841300"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600125470", "pmid"=>"25303325", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0110075", "sgr"=>"84907821720", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84907821720"}, "id"=>"96f93472-af36-3546-b64d-b1184ad73aab", "abstract"=>"The Belgian Malinois (BM) is an excellent working dog that typically shows a circling behavior when placed in a confined space. Moreover, individuals showing moderate running in circles (one kind of obsessive compulsive behavior) in confined spaces typically show better work performance compared to those without the circling behavior or to those with a serious circling behavior (which can be defined as an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)). To determine whether the candidate gene CDH2, Cadherin 2, which is associated with OCD in the Doberman pinscher breed of dogs and in humans, was linked with this behavioral character in the BM, population genetic analyses were performed on a BM population and a natural population of the Chinese indigenous dog (CID). Many genetic signals of balancing selection were detected for one specific region of the CDH2 gene, which suggests that a genomic block, which is included in the CDH2 gene, experienced balancing selection in the BM, and that the CDH2 gene might be associated with the behavioral characteristics of the BM dog (a balance between circling behavior and work performance). Moreover one specific variant, G63913941A, which creates a predicted transcription factor-binding site, may be the key mutation in the CDH2 gene affecting the behavior of BMs by allowing the binding of a transcription factor and increasing CDH2 expression.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/balancing-selection-cdh2-related-behavioral-features-belgian-malinois", "reader_count"=>23, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Philosophy"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713465", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713466", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713467", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713468"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Belgian Malinois (BM) is an excellent working dog that typically shows a circling behavior when placed in a confined space. Moreover, individuals showing moderate running in circles (one kind of obsessive compulsive behavior) in confined spaces typically show better work performance compared to those without the circling behavior or to those with a serious circling behavior (which can be defined as an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)). To determine whether the candidate gene <i>CDH2</i>, Cadherin 2, which is associated with OCD in the Doberman pinscher breed of dogs and in humans, was linked with this behavioral character in the BM, population genetic analyses were performed on a BM population and a natural population of the Chinese indigenous dog (CID). Many genetic signals of balancing selection were detected for one specific region of the <i>CDH2</i> gene, which suggests that a genomic block, which is included in the <i>CDH2</i> gene, experienced balancing selection in the BM, and that the <i>CDH2</i> gene might be associated with the behavioral characteristics of the BM dog (a balance between circling behavior and work performance). Moreover one specific variant, G63913941A, which creates a predicted transcription factor-binding site, may be the key mutation in the <i>CDH2</i> gene affecting the behavior of BMs by allowing the binding of a transcription factor and increasing <i>CDH2</i> expression.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bm", "Belgian Malinois", "63913941A", "CDH 2 gene", "balancing selection", "work performance", "ocd", "CDH 2 expression", "CDH 2 May", "cid", "Doberman pinscher breed"], "article_id"=>1200816, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Xue Cao", "David M. Irwin", "Yan-Hu Liu", "Lu-guang Cheng", "Lu Wang", "Guo-Dong Wang", "Ya-Ping Zhang"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>54, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Balancing_Selection_on_CDH2_May_Be_Related_to_the_Behavioral_Features_of_the_Belgian_Malinois/1200816", "title"=>"Balancing Selection on <i>CDH2</i> May Be Related to the Behavioral Features of the Belgian Malinois", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-10-10 03:25:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713461"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic map of the locations of the 9 sequenced segments in the <i>CDH2</i> gene region. (B) LD distribution in the <i>CDH2</i> gene in the BM population. Location to the LD Blocks in the BM (BM Blocks) is indicated in Fig. 1B.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bm", "Belgian Malinois", "63913941A", "CDH 2 gene", "balancing selection", "work performance", "ocd", "CDH 2 expression", "CDH 2 May", "cid", "Doberman pinscher breed"], "article_id"=>1200812, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Xue Cao", "David M. Irwin", "Yan-Hu Liu", "Lu-guang Cheng", "Lu Wang", "Guo-Dong Wang", "Ya-Ping Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Locations_of_the_sequenced_segments_and_LD_distribution_in_the_CDH2_gene_/1200812", "title"=>"Locations of the sequenced segments and LD distribution in the <i>CDH2</i> gene.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-10 03:25:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713462"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Distribution of Tajima's D values for the 9 segments of the <i>CDH2</i> gene region in the BM and CID populations. (B) Standard coalescent simulations under a neutral model for the genealogy of the BM. Part I is the genealogy of BM and parts II-IV are standard coalescent simulations for segments S4, S5, S6, respectively, under different values for N5 (50,000 and 100,000) in the BM population. P<sub>mean</sub> is the mean of the P values for the Tajima D test. (C) SNP heterozygosity distribution in the <i>CDH2</i> gene region in the BM and CID populations. (D) Frequency distribution of heterozygotes for each SNP in the BM and CID populations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bm", "Belgian Malinois", "63913941A", "CDH 2 gene", "balancing selection", "work performance", "ocd", "CDH 2 expression", "CDH 2 May", "cid", "Doberman pinscher breed"], "article_id"=>1200813, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Xue Cao", "David M. Irwin", "Yan-Hu Liu", "Lu-guang Cheng", "Lu Wang", "Guo-Dong Wang", "Ya-Ping Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_distribution_of_three_population_genetic_statistics_and_the_information_of_coalescent_simulations_/1200813", "title"=>"The distribution of three population genetic statistics and the information of coalescent simulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-10 03:25:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713463"], "description"=>"<p>Each haplotypes is shown as a circle with the size of the circle representing the haplotype frequency. Nucleotide differences between haplotypes are shown on the branches of the network.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bm", "Belgian Malinois", "63913941A", "CDH 2 gene", "balancing selection", "work performance", "ocd", "CDH 2 expression", "CDH 2 May", "cid", "Doberman pinscher breed"], "article_id"=>1200814, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Xue Cao", "David M. Irwin", "Yan-Hu Liu", "Lu-guang Cheng", "Lu Wang", "Guo-Dong Wang", "Ya-Ping Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Median_joining_network_showing_the_genealogy_of_the_BM_Block_3_haplotypes_in_the_BM_population_/1200814", "title"=>"Median-joining network showing the genealogy of the BM Block 3 haplotypes in the BM population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-10 03:25:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1713464"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p>1<p> The number of chromosome; <sup>2</sup> Number of segregating sites; <sup>3</sup> Nucleotide diversity.</p><p>Polymorphism statistics and neutral tests in both the BM and CID populations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bm", "Belgian Malinois", "63913941A", "CDH 2 gene", "balancing selection", "work performance", "ocd", "CDH 2 expression", "CDH 2 May", "cid", "Doberman pinscher breed"], "article_id"=>1200815, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Xue Cao", "David M. Irwin", "Yan-Hu Liu", "Lu-guang Cheng", "Lu Wang", "Guo-Dong Wang", "Ya-Ping Zhang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110075.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Polymorphism_statistics_and_neutral_tests_in_both_the_BM_and_CID_populations_/1200815", "title"=>"Polymorphism statistics and neutral tests in both the BM and CID populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-10 03:25:21"}

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