Microbotanical Evidence of Domestic Cereals in Africa 7000 Years Ago
Publication Date
October 22, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Marco Madella, Juan José García Granero, Welmoed A. Out, Philippa Ryan, et al
Volume
9
Issue
10
Pages
e110177
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0110177
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25338096
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206403
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25338096
Web of Science
000343674800027
Scopus
84908272341
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/microbotanical-evidence-domestic-cereals-africa-7000-years-ago
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728025"], "description"=>"<p>Silica skeletons from the pillow-like structures of R12 and Ghaba cemeteries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212944, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Silica_skeletons_from_the_pillow_like_structures_of_R12_and_Ghaba_cemeteries_/1212944", "title"=>"Silica skeletons from the pillow-like structures of R12 and Ghaba cemeteries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728030"], "description"=>"<div><p>The study of plant exploitation and early use of cereals in Africa has seen over the years a great input from charred and desiccated macrobotanical remains. This paper presents the results of one of the few examples in Africa of microbotanical analyses. Three grave contexts of phytolith-rich deposits and the dental calculus of 20 individuals were analysed from two Neolithic cemeteries in North and Central Sudan. The radiocarbon-dated phytoliths from the burial samples show the presence of Near East domestic cereals in Northern Sudan at least 7000 years ago. Phytoliths also indicate the exploitation of wild, savannah-adapted millets in Central Sudan between 7500 and 6500 years ago. The calculus samples contained starch grains from wheat/barley, pulses and millets, as well as panicoid phytoliths. This evidence shows that Near East domestic cereals were consumed in Northern Africa at least 500 years earlier than previously thought.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212949, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microbotanical_Evidence_of_Domestic_Cereals_in_Africa_7000_Years_Ago_/1212949", "title"=>"Microbotanical Evidence of Domestic Cereals in Africa 7000 Years Ago", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1727984"], "description"=>"<p>Map showing the location of R12 and Ghaba, as well as other settlements in Egypt and Sudan mentioned in the text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212912, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_showing_the_location_of_R12_and_Ghaba_as_well_as_other_settlements_in_Egypt_and_Sudan_mentioned_in_the_text_/1212912", "title"=>"Map showing the location of R12 and Ghaba, as well as other settlements in Egypt and Sudan mentioned in the text.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728022"], "description"=>"<p>Radiocarbon dates from phytoliths of the pillow-like structures in R12 and Ghaba cemeteries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212942, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Radiocarbon_dates_from_phytoliths_of_the_pillow_like_structures_in_R12_and_Ghaba_cemeteries_/1212942", "title"=>"Radiocarbon dates from phytoliths of the pillow-like structures in R12 and Ghaba cemeteries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728019"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) Triticeae starch grain from the skeleton of grave 169, (<b>b</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Triticum turgidum</i> ssp. <i>dicoccon</i> (Schrank) Thell., (<b>c</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Hordeum vulgare</i> L., (<b>d</b>) Panicoideae starch grains from the skeleton of grave 297, (<b>e</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Pennisetum glaucum</i> (L.) R.Br., (<b>f</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Sorghum bicolor</i> (L.) Moench., (<b>g</b>) Faboideae starch grain from the skeleton of grave 52, (<b>h</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Lablab purpureus</i> (L.) Sweet and (<b>i</b>) modern starch grain of <i>Vigna unguiculata</i> (L.) Walp. Scale bar 20 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212939, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Starch_grains_recovered_from_dental_calculi_from_Ghaba_compared_to_reference_material_/1212939", "title"=>"Starch grains recovered from dental calculi from Ghaba compared to reference material.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728004"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a</b>) <i>Brachiaria</i> sp. silica skeleton from grave 295, (<b>b</b>) modern silica skeleton from the inner part of the inflorescence of <i>Brachiaria ramosa</i> (L.) Stapf., (<b>c</b>) <i>Echinochloa</i> sp. <i>type a</i> silica skeleton from grave 233, (<b>d</b>) modern silica skeleton from the inner part of the inflorescence of <i>Echinochloa colona</i> (L.) Link., (<b>e</b>) <i>Echinochloa</i> sp. <i>type b</i> silica skeleton from grave 295 and (<b>f</b>) modern silica skeleton from the outer part of the inflorescence of <i>Echinochloa frumentacea</i> Link. Scale bar 50 µm. See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177#pone.0110177.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a> for the detailed description of identification characters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212924, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Silica_skeletons_from_Ghaba_compared_to_reference_material_/1212924", "title"=>"Silica skeletons from Ghaba compared to reference material.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1727991"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>a–b</b>) Wheat/barley silica skeletons from grave 46, (<b>c</b>) modern silica skeleton from lemma of <i>Hordeum vulgare</i> L. and (<b>d</b>) modern silica skeleton from lemma of <i>Triticum turgidum</i> ssp. <i>dicoccon</i> (Schrank) Thell. Scale bar 50 µm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212919, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Silica_skeletons_from_R12_compared_to_reference_material_/1212919", "title"=>"Silica skeletons from R12 compared to reference material.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1728027"], "description"=>"<p>Plant microremains recovered from dental calculi from Ghaba and R12.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["northern", "millet", "burial samples show", "Africa 7000 Years", "phytolith", "Central Sudan", "exploitation"], "article_id"=>1212946, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Marco Madella", "Juan José García-Granero", "Welmoed A. Out", "Philippa Ryan", "Donatella Usai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110177.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plant_microremains_recovered_from_dental_calculi_from_Ghaba_and_R12_/1212946", "title"=>"Plant microremains recovered from dental calculi from Ghaba and R12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-22 03:36:39"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[267]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[557, 890]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[262]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[286]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Archaeology", "average_usage"=>[804, 1556, 1804]}]}
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