The Influence of a Working Memory Task on Affective Perception of Facial Expressions
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{"title"=>"The Influence of a Working Memory Task on Affective Perception of Facial Expressions", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Seung-Lark", "last_name"=>"Lim"}, {"first_name"=>"Amanda S.", "last_name"=>"Bruce"}, {"first_name"=>"Robin L.", "last_name"=>"Aupperle"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25347772", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0111074", "issn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"35f32f57-c934-3e4d-8fb3-ecc7a4bb7cb8", "abstract"=>"In a dual-task paradigm, participants performed a spatial location working memory task and a forced two-choice perceptual decision task (neutral vs. fearful) with gradually morphed emotional faces (neutral ∼ fearful). Task-irrelevant word distractors (negative, neutral, and control) were experimentally manipulated during spatial working memory encoding. We hypothesized that, if affective perception is influenced by concurrent cognitive load using a working memory task, task-irrelevant emotional distractors would bias subsequent perceptual decision-making on ambiguous facial expression. We found that when either neutral or negative emotional words were presented as task-irrelevant working-memory distractors, participants more frequently reported fearful face perception - but only at the higher emotional intensity levels of morphed faces. Also, the affective perception bias due to negative emotional distractors correlated with a decrease in working memory performance. Taken together, our findings suggest that concurrent working memory load by task-irrelevant distractors has an impact on affective perception of facial expressions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/influence-working-memory-task-affective-perception-facial-expressions-2", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Psychology"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758120"], "description"=>"<p>Means and standard errors of psychometric curve fit parameters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218669, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>48, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_and_standard_errors_of_psychometric_curve_fit_parameters_/1218669", "title"=>"Means and standard errors of psychometric curve fit parameters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758119"], "description"=>"<p>Means and standard errors of fearful decisions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218668, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_and_standard_errors_of_fearful_decisions_/1218668", "title"=>"Means and standard errors of fearful decisions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758116"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>. Contrast gain model. A leftward shift of the psychometric curve (see arrow) would constitute evidence for decreased perceptual threshold for fearful decisions for face stimuli in emotional WM trials (i.e., participants having a lower emotional intensity threshold for deciding a face is fearful). <b>B</b>. Response gain model. A upward shift of the psychometric curve proportional to stimulus intensity would constitute evidence for enhanced response for fearful decisions for face stimuli in emotional WM trials (i.e., participants have the same threshold for deciding a face is fearful, but after reaching that threshold, being more likely to decide a face is fearful). The x-axis represents emotional intensity of face stimuli and the y-axis represents probability of fearful responses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218665, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Contrast_gain_model_and_response_gain_model_in_the_context_of_our_experiment_/1218665", "title"=>"Contrast gain model and response gain model in the context of our experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758114"], "description"=>"<p>Faces ranged from neutral to fearful in 20% increments. Facial stimuli were selected from Ekman set (Ekman & Priesen, 1976) and KDEF set (Lundqvist et al., 1988).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218663, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_stimuli_used_for_the_affective_perceptual_decision_task_/1218663", "title"=>"Experimental stimuli used for the affective perceptual decision task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758115"], "description"=>"<p>Three different types of spatial WM trials were presented in a blocked structure. Participants were asked to remember the location of white boxes presented at the beginning of trials and indicate whether the location of the green box presented later was the “same” (match) or “different” (non-match) from the previous locations. During the WM delay period, participants were required to make a “neutral” or “fearful” decision as quickly as possible. Stimuli are not drawn to scale.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218664, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_design_/1218664", "title"=>"Experimental design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1758117"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>. Average probability of fearful responses as a function of emotional intensity (20% to 80% fearful as shown in sample images) and WM condition. Red (negative WM), blue (neutral WM), and gray (control condition) lines represent the psychometric curves fitted by using the Naka-Rushton response function. <b>B</b>. Fearful decisions of 80% (top) and 60% (bottom) fearful face trials. Error bars denote the standard error of the mean. <b>C</b>. Scatter plot of the relationship between WM accuracy differences (NEG – CON) and 80% face fearful decision differences (NEG – CON). <b>D</b>. Scatter plot of the relationship between BAS Drive scale scores and 80% face fearful decision differences (NEG – CON). Solid line represents a linear fit.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["load", "affective perception", "participant", "distractor", "affective perception bias", "memory task", "Working Memory Task", "expression", "morphed"], "article_id"=>1218666, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Seung-Lark Lim", "Amanda S. Bruce", "Robin L. Aupperle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111074.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioral_findings_/1218666", "title"=>"Behavioral findings.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-27 03:00:48"}

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Relative Metric

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